Working in the education setting, everyday I see some type of discrimination occur. When we hear discrimination in education it happens when a person takes unfair action against someone who belongs to a certain category that is entitled to full educational rights. Last year I worked in a self-contained setting and all of my students had something called an Individualized Educational Plan (IEP). An IEP is a legal document that basically explains all of the special education services that the student will receive and it will explain why as well. Discrimination in education for example discrimination against the students who have IEP’s is very common. I have seen students not receive the help they need, because there are not enough resources and that absolutely qualifies for discrimination. A lot of times these students are discriminated against because their guardians or parents do not know their rights and it is very sad. It is also unfortunate that as an educator I am unable to let these parents know either.
Education discrimination can also be based off of the student’s disability, age, gender, nationality, or even their religion. I know it sounds pretty crazy but it is happening in this world. This discrimination normally takes place by teachers, administrators, or even by their peers. In order to prevent these things from happening, the government has implemented certain protections for these individuals. The first one is Tile VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which basically prohibits discrimination because of someone’s trace, color, or national origin. The next one is Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 which prohibits sex discrimination. Also, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1990 prohibits disability discrimination. Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 does not allow discrimination because of someone’s disability. This act also protects those who do not receive federal assistant due to their disability.
You are not allowed to retaliate against any person who opposed or testifies against you in any complaint which falls under Title VI. If this does happen, it is considered a violation. All of these protections protect all education programs as well as facilities that receive federal assistant which includes State education agencies, elementary and secondary school systems, colleges and universities, vocational schools, libraries, museums etc. There are many places to name! All of these places listed about must also provide benefits and services in a nondiscriminatory manner. This includes admissions, recruitment, financial aid, counseling, discipline, grading, physical education, athletics etc.
In conclusion, if you or someone you know is suffering from educational discrimination because of their disability or something of that nature there are plenty of attorneys who specialize in educational rights. Those individuals deserve the right to a fair education, no matter their disability, age, race, gender, etc.
Gruman, J. A., Schneider, F. W., & Coutts, L. (2012). Applied social psychology: Understanding and addressing social and practical problems. Los Angeles; London; New Dehli; Singapore; Washington DC; Melbourne: SAGE.
Pennsylvania State University World Campus (2019). PSYCH 424 Lesson 10: Education Retrieved from https://psu.instructure.com/courses/1973019/modules/items/25635725