In the article, “An Introduction: Housework and Its Tools” by Ruth Schwartz Cowan, talks about industrialization and its effects. It also talks about how industrialization worked in households: “Households did not become industrialized in the same way that other workplaces did; there are striking differences between housework and other forms of industrialized labor. Most of the people who do house work do not get paid for it, despite the fact that it is, for many of them, a full-time job”. This explains that even though house work does not have any job descriptions or professional rules to it, house work is still significant, but not treated fairly. Cowan well pointed out that “if work shapes individual lives and social forms, and if industrialization has reshaped work in the past two centuries, then to fail to understand the history of house work is to fail to understand ourselves”, which shows that house labor is as important as other work labors. He also explains how technology is used in households as it gets industrialized: “on a superficial level, the industrialization of the home appears to have been composed of millions of individual decisions freely made by householders: the Jones’s down the block decided to junk their washtub and buy a washing machine, and the Smiths around the corner fired the maid and bought a vacuum cleaner”. This shows that industrialization also apply in the household even though house work does not normally consider as labor because it is not paid. Coward also mentioned that “industrialization of the home seems to have been the product of the perpetually rising expectations of American consumers – expectations that had been rising dual notions of a work process and a technological system have helped me to deal effectively with the scholarly problem of think and writing about the history of housework”.
This website has well organized explanation of industrialization of household. Timeline tab was very interesting. In the timeline tab, it shows from 1800 to 1930 where industrialization was lively. For example, in 1847, “Ebernezer Butterick created a method for printing and cutting paper dressmaking patterns that were to be used by the newly invented sewing machines” and in 1930, “By this time roughly 14 million homes had gas stoves and just a shade under a 1 million homes had the new electric stove”. So, I thought this whole website would be related to this week’s lesson.