How Dictatorships Work

Barbara Geddes, Joseph Wright, Erica Frantz

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Data set and code book

Detailed coding scheme

Reproduction files

A measure of personalism   Personalism data

Washington Post


Related research:

Joseph Wright. “The Structure of Autocratic Rule

Wonjun Song. “Dictators, Personalized Security Forces, and Coups.”

Wonjun Song and Joseph Wright. 2018. “The North Korean Autocracy in Comparative Perspective.”  Journal of East Asian Studies.




This project is supported by the National Science Foundation (BCS-0904478) and the Minerva Research Initiative (ONR N000141211004)