How Dictatorships Work

Barbara Geddes, Joseph Wright, Erica Frantz

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Data set and code book      Detailed coding scheme

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Washington Post

A measure of personalism


Related research:

Joseph Wright. “The Structure of Autocratic Rule.”  Personalism data

Wonjun Song. “Dictators, Personalized Security Forces, and Coups.”

Erica Frantz, Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Joseph Wright, and Xu Xu. Forthcoming. “Personalization of Power and Repression in Dictatorships.” Journal of Politics.

Wonjun Song and Joseph Wright. 2018. “The North Korean Autocracy in Comparative Perspective.”  Journal of East Asian Studies.




This project is supported by the National Science Foundation (BCS-0904478) and the Minerva Research Initiative (ONR N000141211004)