Category Archives: Bill’s Notes

Signs of Winter 2: Algae, Algae Everywhere

(Click here for an audio version of this blog!) “Algae” is a term of very imprecise meaning. It is used to refer to the microscopic, unicellular protists like the many species of diatoms and  dinoflagellates that make up the producing … Continue reading

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Signs of Winter 1: Some Observations and Some Rules

(Click here if you would like to listen to an audio version of this blog!) December and January are months of wild weather swings. We have a family video of a December 30  from many years ago in which Deborah … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 13: Oysters!

(Click here for an audio version of this blog!) In October, Deborah and I had the pleasure of sitting with our son, Joe, his partner, Marlee, and our daughter, Marian, at an oyster farm on the shore of Puget Sound … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 12: More on Plastics

(Click here to listen to a audio version of this blog!) A little over a year ago I wrote a blog about plastics (Signs of Fall 4, 2017). Some key ideas from that post were: Plastics are human manufactured materials, … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 11: Honey Bees Are The Answer (But, What Was The Question?)_

(Click here to listen to an audio version of this blog!) Honey bees (Apis mellifera), as we have discussed many times before, are an extremely important pollinator for many of the crop plants that make up our agricultural ecosystems. One … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 10: PA Pawpaw Patch

(Click here to listen to an audio version of this blog!) About three miles down the Roaring Run Trail is a dense copse of slender trees that stretch their long, thin branches and their dark, shiny green leaves out over … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 9: Puffins and Ponies

(Click here if you would like to listen to an audio version of this blog!) In June, 2016 Deborah and I went on a St. Lawrence River cruise. We left from Montreal, traveled slowly down the river and out into … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 8: Even More on Bees!

(Click here for a audio version of this blog) There is a lot of interesting research on bees being conducted at the Royal Holloway University of London. Previously, they determined that a commonly used pesticide inhibited the ovaries in bumblebee … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 7: More on Bees!

(Click here for an audio version of this blog!) When we say the word “bee” we probably have in mind the larger members of the seven families and 20,000 species that are classified as “bees.” Honeybees and bumblebees are the … Continue reading

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Signs of Fall 6: Changing Leaves

(Click here for an audio version of this blog!) I am waiting for the leaves to fall en mass from my trees. It is an event that occurs about the same time each year (sometime after Columbus Day but before … Continue reading

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