In a couple of posts earlier this year (post I and post II) I started getting to grips with the paper *An Affirmative Answer to the Big Question on Limit Operators* by Lindner and Seidel. The first of these posts gives some background to limit operator theory and to what the big question is that Lindner and Seidel solved for the case of the group . Circumstances prevented me continuing the post series, but I suggested that the arguments should work just as well for any group whose underlying metric space has property A (that is, for any *exact* group).

Now, I am reading the paper *A metric approach to limit operators* by Jan Spakula and Rufus WIllett, in which they carry out this kind of idea in much greater generality than I had been imagining. Following the limit operator literature, they don’t simply confine their attention to the Hilbert space as I did; their arguments work on \( \ell^p(X;E) \) with \( 1 < p < \infty \) and coefficients in an auxiliary Banach space \(E\). What’s more, their notion of *limit operator* does not even require an underlying group structure (and so the Fredholm theory that they develop will work for all bounded geometry discrete metric spaces that have property A). In this post I want to explain their generalized definition of “limit operator”, as a preliminary to getting into the analysis proper. Continue reading