In this post I’ll finally get to the “condensation of singularities” argument that was invented by Lindner and Seidel in the (free abelian) group context and generalized by Spakula and Willett to metric spaces. (Calling this “condensation of singularities” is my idea, but it does seem to me to get at what is going on. I can’t help feeling that there should be a way of replacing some of the explicit constructions with an abstract argument involving the Baire category theorem. But I have not yet been able to come up with one.) Continue reading

# Tag Archives: property A

# Metric approach to limit operators III

This is a continuation of my posts on the Spakula-Willett paper *Metric approach to limit operators* (see part I and part II). In this post I will talk about “lower norm witnesses” on spaces with property A. (This is quite close to what is done in my earlier post here, though using direct geometric tools rather than the functional analysis tricks I suggested, which only work in the Hilbert space case.) Then in the next post I will talk about the “condensation of singularities” argument that completes the proof. Continue reading

# Metric approach to limit operators II

Following on from my earlier post on the Spakula-Willett paper, let my try to summarize sections 5 and 6. These parts produce, for their generalized notion of limit operator, an equivalent of how the classical limit operator theory looked prior to the Lindner-Seidel paper earlier this year.

Thus the main result of these parts is the following **Theorem:** A band dominated operator is Fredholm if and only if all its limit operators are invertible and there is a uniform bound on the norms of the inverses of all the limit operators. Continue reading

# Metric approach to limit operators

In a couple of posts earlier this year (post I and post II) I started getting to grips with the paper *An Affirmative Answer to the Big Question on Limit Operators* by Lindner and Seidel. The first of these posts gives some background to limit operator theory and to what the big question is that Lindner and Seidel solved for the case of the group . Circumstances prevented me continuing the post series, but I suggested that the arguments should work just as well for any group whose underlying metric space has property A (that is, for any *exact* group).

Now, I am reading the paper *A metric approach to limit operators* by Jan Spakula and Rufus WIllett, in which they carry out this kind of idea in much greater generality than I had been imagining. Following the limit operator literature, they don’t simply confine their attention to the Hilbert space as I did; their arguments work on \( \ell^p(X;E) \) with \( 1 < p < \infty \) and coefficients in an auxiliary Banach space \(E\). What’s more, their notion of *limit operator* does not even require an underlying group structure (and so the Fredholm theory that they develop will work for all bounded geometry discrete metric spaces that have property A). In this post I want to explain their generalized definition of “limit operator”, as a preliminary to getting into the analysis proper. Continue reading

# The Big Question About Limit Operators II

In the first post in this series, I gave some background to the “Big Question” on limit operators which it appears that Lindner and Seidel have solved for the case of free abelian groups. In the next couple of posts I want to sketch some of the key ideas of their proof and to explore to what extent it can also be generalized to all exact groups (in the same way that I generalized the basic theory of limit operators to all exact groups in my 2005 paper).

There are two components to the L-S argument, it seems to me.

- a localization property for the “lower norm” of a finite propagation operators, and
- a “condensation of singularities” argument.

In this post we’ll look at the first of those. Continue reading