They do exist! They are compatible with the reverse-phase chromatography! They solubilize stubborn proteins and improve proteolysis! Here are their names:
Invitrosol is a homogeneous surfactant whose elution profile does not overlap with the proteolytic peptides elution profiles.
ProteaseMAX is a surfactant that degrades during proteolysis, and its degradation products do not interfere with LC-MS.
All other detergents are not compatible with LC-MS and must be removed from the samples prior to analysis. These detergents include SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) and LDS (Lithium dodecyl sulfate), NP-40, Triton, Octyl glucoside and octyl thioglucoside, CHAPS, sodium deoxycholate, lauryl maltoside, Brij-35, etc. There are several ways to remove detergents, which is a topic for another blog post!