## Page Content

The Ogham alphabet was developed in Ireland during the early Christian period in Ireland and was used primarily to label gravestones (Ogham stones). The language used was a form of Irish, but one that pre-dates later Old Irish texts.

Note: This Ogham alphabet should not be confused with the Runic alphabet. Although the forms look superficially similar, the pronunciation and symbols are quite different.

### Vertical vs. Horizontal Text

On the stone inscriptions, text was written vertically bottom to top, but a manuscript tradition of horizontal Ogham from left to right has also developed. Since support for vertical text is not widespread, horizontal display is currently recommended.

## Font Recommendations

### Test Passage

If you see a question mark or a bunch of squares below, then you need to install a runic font. See the list in the following section for details.

(286) LUGUDECA
ᚂᚒᚌᚒᚇᚓᚉᚐ

## Inputting Ogham

### Inputting from Character Utilities

For short passages, it may be practical to input characters from either the Windows Character Map or the Macintosh Character Viewer/Palette. In some cases, you may need to adjust the font to a Ogham font.

### Typing Ogham Characters

Neither Microsoft or Apple provide a Ogham keyboard, but there may several freeware keyboard utilities which can be installed
Note: Not all applications have been tested.

## Web Development

This section presents information specific to the Runic script. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

### Unicode

Unicode (utf-8) is the required encoding to correctly display Ogham. Pages not encoded as Unicode may not display Ogham characters correctly.

### Language Codes

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process Runic text more efficiently. For Ogham, the language is usually Primitive Irish.

• pgl (Primitive Irish)

### Unicode Entity Codes

Ogham numeric Unicode entity codes can be used for small pieces of text or when other
methods to not work.