Brother to Brother

Brother to Brother is an independent movie written and directed by Rodney Evans. It premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in 2004 where it won the Special Jury Prize for a dramatic film and later received 8 other nominations and 7 awards in the gay and lesbian film circuit. Rodney Evans, born in 1971, spent six years working on Brother to Brother, starting with the idea of relating his own present-day experiences with to a larger historical perspective. This film is just one of many LGBTQ themed works that Rodney Evans has directed, written and produced.

Perry

The movie Brother to Brother tells the story of Perry, a college-age gay black man living in New York City. Perry had been kicked out of his home for being gay and feels lost in the world, struggling to find his place in the gay community and black community. He feels alienated from the gay community because he feels that too many white gay men only want him because he is black. He feels outcast from the black community that won’t accept his sexuality.

One day while on the sidewalk, Perry’s friend is reciting some poetry when a man approaches them. This stranger finishes the verse and disappears, leaving Perry and his friend confused. The next day Perry is reading a book of poetry by Bruce Nugent and he recognizes the poem the stranger finished. “Smoke, Lilies and Jade”:

…he blew a cloud of smoke…it was growing dark now…and the smoke no longer had a ladder to climb…but soon the moon would rise and then he would clothe the silver moon in blue smoke garments…truly smoke was like imagination…. 

It turns out this stranger is a regular at the homeless shelter that Perry works at. After

Bruce Nugent

confronting him, Perry learns that this man is in fact Bruce Nugent, one of the few openly gay writers and painters of the Harlem Renaissance. They quickly become friends, as Bruce sees a lot of himself in Perry. The two frequently visit the house where Bruce lived and wrote during the Harlem Renaissance. The film draws parallels between the struggles Bruce faced in 1920s New York.

Bruce tells Perry all kinds of stories about his younger years as a writer while they explore this house.  Bruce tells Perry about his relationship with Langston Hughes and Wallace Thurman, both very prominent writers in the Harlem Renaissance. With these authors and others, they write a magazine with articles from black writers talking about gays, lesbians, black culture and sex workers. The group got lot of negative criticism from important critics and was attacked by the black community including the NAACP. Bruce also metaphorically walks Perry through a party they threw at the now decrepit house, where they have alcohol in the prohibition era and there are many gay men and women hooking up. Though there are many decades separating Bruce and Perry, they shared similar experiences and Perry learns a lot from Bruce.

Many of the memories that Bruce shares relate to George Chauncey’s Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World 1890-1940. We see in Bruce’s younger years the more visible, fairy-type gay man. We also see the way that gays were persecuted in the mid twentieth century. In one scene, Bruce is seduced by a sailor, colloquially known as a ‘trade,’ but it is a trap. Bruce is arrested and brought to court for being gay and is even accused of attempting to rape the sailor.

Through his friendship with Bruce Nugent, Perry learns from Bruce’s experiences of many decades prior, and starts to be more comfortable with himself. Perry moves on from a relationship that wasn’t very good and gets more confident about his place in the gay and black communities. In the end, tragically, Bruce dies of a heart attack. Through telling the stories of Bruce Nugent and Perry, Brother to Brother relates the struggles of modern day gay black men to 1920s Harlem Renaissance era gay black men, showing that the world today can be just as complicated and hostile as it was back then.

The Times of Harvey Milk

The Times of Harvey Milk is a documentary about the life and assassination of San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk. He was the first gay man on San Francisco’s board of supervisors which made his time in office extremely historical. Much of the information takes place in “The Castro,” the town Milk resided in San Francisco. The documentary was created by Director Robert Epstein and Writers Judith Coburn and Carter Wilson. The film was made in 1984, a few years after Milk’s painful and horrifying assassination.

In the film, Harvey Milk reads an excerpt from a recorded will that he made in case he was assassinated. He knew, as a gay man in office at the time, he was in an extremely vulnerable position. But, he considered himself to be part of something bigger, part of the gay movement. This puts into perspective the role these influential and historical individuals had and the importance of their bravery. The film documents Harvey Milk as a figure for gay liberation and the state of San Fransisco in the 1970s.

The film divulges individual interviews from people who knew him and were involved in his campaign. Tom Ammiano, a school teacher, claims how Harvey not only brought an astounding amount of humor to his life but also an astounding amount of self worth. Tom, who was more a more feminine man felt as though he belonged when he was with Harvey where with others he felt an outsider. Milk ran for political office in San Fransisco for 3 consecutive years and even though he lost every time, he persevered because he believed things needed to change in the state of California as well as throughout the nation. “The Castro” where Harvey resided became booming with gay life. Harvey helped organize the annual Castro Street Fair where the neighborhood thrived and gay individuals and symbols were broadly displayed. Milk realized then that the town was ready for change and he ran a 4th time for the Board of Supervisors for his district. He was finally elected and this began his time as an influential historical and political figure.

Harvey Milk’s election gave lesbian and gay individuals in San Francisco a voice, one they had been waiting for to be heard. Not only did Harvey pass a stringent gay rights ordinance in his city, he represented hope and progression for the LGBT community by being involved politically. The Times of Harvey Milk documents Milk’s time in office and his continued influence on gay progression. The documentary claims Harvey Milk “represented change.” This artifact mirrors the work of other gay figures, such as Walt Whitman. These historical figures legitimized homosexuality and became icons in the gay movement. These historical icons served as the worlds “firsts.” Walt Whitman, one of the first homosexual poets and Harvey Milk the first gay supervisor in San Fransisco. Their position and work gave LGBT individuals something to related to, look to and resonate with. Walt Whitman’s work is documented in his poetry while Harvey Milk’s work is documented in films like The Times of Harvey Milk.