Bibliography

Ancient Sources Citations:

Homer. The Iliad. Tr. by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1990.

Horace, Odes

Sage, Michael M. Warfare in Ancient Greece: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, 1996. 72-94.

Tyrtaios Fragment 1

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 7.71

Secondary Sources Citations:

Carey, Christopher, and Michael Edwards, eds. Marathon – 2,500 Years. London: Institute of Classical Studies, 2013.

Donlan, W. and J. Thompson, “The Charge and Marathon: Herodotus 6.112,” CJ 71 (1976): 339-000.

Donlan, W. and J. Thompson, “The Charge and Marathon Again,” CW 72 (1979): 419-000.*Ferrill, Origins, 107-143.

Farrokh, Kaveh. “The Achaemenid Army.” In Encyclopædia Iranica. London: n.p., 1986.

Grant, Alexander,Sir, 1826-1884. Xenophon. United States:, 1871.

Greenhalgh, P. A. L. Early Greek Warfare; Horsemen and Chariots in the Homeric and Archaic Ages. Cambridge: U, 1973. Print.

Hanson, Victor D. “Leuctra, battle of.” The Oxford Companion to Military History. : Oxford University Press, 2001. Oxford Reference. 2004. Date Accessed 8 Apr. 2015 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780198606963.001.0001/acref-9780198606963-e-716>. *Hanson, Western Way of War, 135-218

“Hoplite Battle as Ancient Greek Warfare: When, Where, and Why?” in van Wees, War and Violence, 201-232.

“Hoplite Hell: How Hoplites Fought,” in Kagan and Viggiano, Men of Bronze, 134-56.

Kagan, Donald, and Gregory F. Viggiano. Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in
Ancient Greece. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Lee, J.W.I., “The Classical Greek Experience,” in Campbell and Trittle, Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World, 143- 61.

Luginbill, R. D.  “Othismos: The Importance of the Mass-Shove in Hoplite Warfare,” Phoenix 48 (1994), 51-61.

Schwartz, A., Reinstating the Hoplite: Arms, Armour and Phalanx Fighting in Archaic and Classical Greece. Historia. Einzelschriften 207 (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2009).

Van Wees, Greek Warfare, esp. 166-98.

Wilson, Nigel. Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. N.p.: Routledge, 2013.

Photo Citations:

[1] Chigi Vase. Image. Xlegio. Accessed April 6, 2015. http://www.xlegio.ru/netcat_files/Image/armies/chigi_hoplites_full_color.jpg.

[2] Anthony Snodgrass. Photograph. University of Cambridge. Accessed April 7, 2015. http://www.classics.cam.ac.uk/directory/anthony-snodgrass.

[3] Screenshot from “300”. Image. Accessed April 7, 2015. http://surbrook.devermore.net/adaptationsmovie/300/300_spartan.jpg.

[4] Battle of Leuctra. Image. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/66/Battle_of_Leuctra,_371_BC_-_Decisive_action.gif.

[5] Hoplite Phalanx. Illustration. Accessed April 7, 2015. https://deadliestblogpage.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/1-a-phalanx.jpg.

[6] Hoplites Fighting. Illustration. Accessed April 7, 2015. https://wargamerabbit.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/greek-hoplite-fight.jpg.

[7] Battle of Marathon. Image. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Battle_of_Marathon_Greek_Double_Envelopment.png.

[8] Leuctra and Vicinity. Image. Accessed April 7, 2015. http://cdn.preterhuman.net/texts/history/maps/Battle%20of%20Leuctra.jpg.

[9] Boar’s Tusk Helmet. Photograph. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.salimbeti.com/micenei/helmets2.htm.

[10] Mycenae Tower Shield. Illustration. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.salimbeti.com/micenei/shields1.htm.

[11]Dipylon Shields. Illustration. Accessed April 8, 2015. https://periklisdeligiannis.wordpress.com/2013/02/05/the-hoplite-shields.

[13] The Hoplite. Illustration. Accessed April 7, 2015. http://grepolis-pro.blogspot.com/2010/07/hoplite-intro.html.

[13] Image unlicensed

[14] Image unlicensed

[15] Hoplon. Illustration. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_O-l1-qFVCoE/R8JS0wZvlII/AAAAAAAAAKk/T22YJLdRGqU/s400/gregoriano.jpg.

[16] Hoplite Spear. Photograph. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.hellenic-art.com/images/detailed/2/ah3529.jpg.

[17] Corinthian Helmet. Photograph. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Corinthian_helmet_BM_2838.jpg.

[18] Bronze Greaves. Photograph. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/Bronze_greaves_BM_GR1856.12-26.615.jpg.

[19] Replica Xiphos. Photograph. http://ancientspartanmilitary101.weebly.com/uploads/5/5/0/0/5500073/465189911.jpg

[20] Image unlicensed.

[21] Persian Army Formation. Illustration. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Persian_army_formation.png.

[22] Hoplite Breastplate. Photograph. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://s821.photobucket.com/user/Ojibwa/media/Ancient%20Greece/Greek%20Art/DSCN4500.jpg.html.

[23] City States. Image. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/schools/primaryhistory/images/ancient_greeks/greek_world/g_map_city_states.jpg.

[24] Image unlicensed.

[25] Battle of Thermopylae. Image. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1f/Battle_of_Thermopylae.pdf/page1-1280px-Battle_of_Thermopylae.pdf.jpg.

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