Sudan generally brings rushing thoughts of poverty, social conflict, and civil war. The succession of South Sudan was a devastating blow to the country as a whole as it was formerly responsible for three-fourths of total oil production, something Sudan’s economy thrived on. Now, agricultural production employs 80%, almost all, of the workforce. Conflicts, lack of basic infrastructure, and a dependency on agriculture ensures a long time period of poverty for Sudanese individuals.
Over 40% of the population is below the poverty line.
Natural resources in Sudan include Petroleum, small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, mica, silver, gold, and hydropower. Current issues with Sudan’s environment involve inefficient supply of potable water, dwindling wildlife populations due to excessive hunting, soil erosion, desertification, and periodic drops. There are natural hazards such as dust storms and droughts.
Surprisingly, telephone systems are well-equipped by regional standard. However, much of Broadcast media in Sudan is controlled by the Sudanese Government. TV has permanent military censors, and media generally reflects only government policy and no new views.
Sudan’s main issues are bolded below:
Constant ethnic and rebel militia fighting: Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda provide shelter for thousands of Sudanese refugees but the country continues to undergo violent skirmishes due to scarcity in supplies and territorial conflict.
Being a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subject to forced labor and sex trafficking: Displaced Sudanese woman are put to hard labor against there own will and unfortunately experience horrific events of sexual assault while in these predicaments. Men are no better off, being put to hard labor as well and forced to pan handle or vendor on streets.
“Sudan.” The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, 2014. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.