1752 – Portugal colonizes Mozambique.
1891 – Portugal hands over the administration of the region to the Mozambique Company, a private business.
1962-74 Independence struggle: Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) formed.
1975 – Independence: Frelimo rules under single-party system with leader Samora Machel as president.
1976-92 – Civil war.
1986 – President Machel is killed in an air crash, Joachim Chissano installed as president.
1990 – Constitution amended allowing multi-party system.
1992 – UN-brokered peace deal ends fighting between Frelimo and the rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo).
1994 – First multi-party elections, Joachim Chissano is re-elected president.
2004 – President Joaquim Chissano steps down after 18 years in office, succeeded by Armando Guebuza.
2011 – Discovery of natural gas transforms Mozambique’s economic landscape.
- Presidential Representative Democratic Republic
- President- head of State, Prime Minister- head of government
- Multi-party system
- Current President- Fillipe Nyusi, the 4th President of Mozambique
- Main ethnic groups- akhuwa, Tsonga, Makonde, Shangaan, Shona, Sena, and Ndau
- Over 43 local languages and dialects
- Largue Portuguese influences on-
- wood carving, elaborate mask making
- mostly traditional, handmade instruments
- spicy stews
- corn based meals
- Christian- 56%
- Muslim- 18%
- Main industries- coal, aluminium, textiles, tobacco
- Gross domestic product: 15.63 billion USD (2013)
- GDP per capita: 605.03 USD (2013)
- Tropical Climate with a long coastline
- Wet Season- October- March
- Dry Season- April- September
- Mozambique lacks an adequate number of schools and teachers, and education relies heavily on international support
- Oldest university was founded in Maputo in 1962
Millennium Development Goals
- HIV prevalence- 11.5%
- Maternal Mortality- 489 per 100,000 live births
- Infant Mortality Rate- 59 per 1,000 live births
- 48% literacy rate