I was trying to learn more about how the Coptic alphabet interacted with Unicode, and although each and every script has it’s own story, I was surprised at how tricky Coptic is with respect to Unicode. Coptic is a left-to-right alphabet with minimal spacing issues – much like the Latin, Cyrillic and Greek alphabets. If you can get Gothic online, Coptic should be easy right? Not necessarily…
Some Things You Should Know About Coptic and Unicode
1. There is an old Coptic block and a new Coptic block
You may already know that the Coptic alphabet is an adaptation of the Greek alphabet as used in late Ptolomeic, Roman Egypt. I think most Unicode aficionados know that there is an old Coptic block (containing just the letters adapted from Demotic Egyption script), and a new Coptic block (everything).
At one point the Unicode community was treating Coptic as a variant of the Greek alphabet with a few extra letters, but later it was decided to separate Greek and Coptic completely, so the new block was created in just the past few years.
2. The old Coptic block didn’t go away
As far as I can tell, the Demotic characters were not assigned new numbers, but were left as part of the Greek block. A complete Coptic alphabet is pulling from both blocks.
This was kind of a surprise since many Coptic charts just show the new block and miss the Demotic letters altogether.
3. New Coptic fonts and utilities are available
The new Coptic block is old enough for the academic and other developers to catch up. Here’s my current list. By the way, I also recommend Quivira and MPH2B Damase as general purpose linguistic fonts – they do cover a lot of blocks.
The following freeware fonts are available for both Windows and Mac:
- New Athena Unicode 3.3+ (Greek Keys)
Note: If you have older versions of these fonts, you may need to uninstall the older versions
- MPH2B Damase (includes many scripts)
- Coptic Unicode Fonts – multiple fonts. Maintained by Moheb Mekhaiel.
- Quivira (includes many scripts)
Coptic Computing and Keyboards
- Berkeley Center for the Tebtunis Papyri (bottom of page) – Mac and Windows
- Logos Windows Keyboards for Ancient Languages – see information at Coptic for Windows XP
4. Browsers generally choke on Coptic (except Firefox 3 and Safari)
I uploaded my fonts, and checked my new chart on Safari (which is fine, but not always a Unicode superstar in my opinion). Everything worked there, but when I checked my chart in Firefox 2, all I got were the Unicode question marks of death (Whoa)
The same also happened in IE 7 and Opera. Not a pleasant surprise. For the record, I was able to get Opera and Firefox 2 (Windows) to display Coptic if I made a font with Coptic the generic default (hence my recommendation for Quivira). I was not able to get either Firefox 2 for Mac or IE 7 to display Coptic (and I did see some other forum messages indicating similar issues).
The good news is that the Coptic did encourage me to upgrade to Firefox 3, and there everything is fine – no font tweaks needed.
As I said earlier I am mystified by this because Coptic is not particularly unusual as far as Unicode blocks go. But it is working in some browsers now.
So that was my adventure with Coptic. Someday I hope I may get to use it in a real textual or linguistic application, but at least I know that I was able to update to Firefox 3 and not lose all of my other plugins!