The Effects of Improper Waste Disposal

The Earth and its natural processes are considered to be a delicate system. With severe environmental issues facing the planet, the species that inhabit it are suffering. Since humans, plants, and animals all rely on these clean air and water sources for survival, the issue of contaminating the Earth is a serious issue that must be addressed.

Types of Dumping
As a result of improperly disposing of hazardous household waste (HHW), wastewater treatment facilities can’t handle the dangers associated with these hazardous contaminates effectively. In turn, these products release toxins and environmental pollution. These pollutants can also enter the atmosphere and water sources nearby.

Ocean Dumping
Communities around the world have used the ocean for waste disposal for years. Some of the materials that are dumped into the ocean include the disposal of chemical and industrial wastes, radioactive wastes, trash, munitions, sewage sludge, and other contaminated materials. The Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (MPRSA) or Ocean Dumping Act is one of several key environmental laws passed by the US EPA and Congress in 1972 to address the issue of ocean dumping. The act has two essential aims: to regulate intentional ocean disposal of materials and to authorize any related research of the effects. However, marine life and ocean habitats are still suffering the effects.

Land Dumping

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Landfills are the most common method to store waste.

Most developed countries such as the U.S utilize landfills to store their waste products. Some landfills are used for waste management purposes, such as the temporary storage, consolidation and transfer of waste, or the processing of waste material for storing, treating, or recycling.

Environmental dumping is the practice of shipping waste (household waste, industrial/nuclear waste, etc.) from one country to another. The goal is to take the waste to a country that has less strict environmental laws, or environmental laws that are not strictly enforced.

Environmental crisis: President Trump allows for coal companies to dump waste into nearby water sources

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President Trump signed a bill that allows coal companies to dispose of waste into nearby water sources.

Trump signed a bill undoing the so-called Stream Protection Rule, which aimed to curb environmental damage from mountaintop removal coal mining. During the particularly violent mining process, coal companies blow up the tops of mountains by using mild explosives and dispose of the waste, which often contains heavy metals, in streams and other bodies of water. Research has suggested that this results in “adverse outcomes in community health” in many Appalachian towns. In addition, Trump also plans to roll back on President Obama’s climate change policies such as the Clean Power Plan. Trump mentions that the environment is taking a “back seat” due to his commitment to creating jobs in the energy industry.

Crisis At Penn State

During the late fall semester of 2016, Penn State identified elevated levels of lead found during routine water testing.
Routine follow-up tests found elevated levels of lead in three residences buildings and Nittany Apartments on the University Park campus. Consuming lead is harmful to the students and staff due to many health reasons.

Although the causes of the lead are still under investigation, this is an example of what could happen if waste such as: lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust or soil, certain types of pottery, pewter, brass fixtures, food, and cosmetics are improperly disposed.

The Effects

Ocean Acidification

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One of the most popular coral reefs, The Great Barrier Reef, has been strongly impacted by the raising levels of acid in ocean water. In the photo above, the stages of it’s “death” are displayed.

Contaminated water sources especially affect marine life. Ocean acidification is the presence of higher acid levels in the ocean over an extended period of time, caused primarily by uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and materials dumped into the oceans. Since fish and other marine life are extremely sensitive to pH balances, this can affect everything from the lives of animals that depend on fish for food, to the fishing industry that humans rely on for profit.

Loss of Biodiversity
Also, as a result of contaminated resources and land, certain species may die off or disrupt the natural balances of the predator-prey relationships. This is defined as the loss of biodiversity. Imbalanced biodiversity or depletion of certain species of plants or animals in an area or on the whole planet are attributed to pollution due to dumping, climate change, and deforestation. All of these environmental issues can occur as a chain of events.

Despite the governmental actions regarding these severe issues, you can do a few things at home to help this cause. First, properly disposing of waste is critical. Be sure to recycle when possible, compost organic waste, and take care of dangerous household products. Most waste management companies take air conditioners, batteries, refrigerators, and other appliances and disposes them properly for minimal to no cost. By doing these things among others, it will make significant environmental differences.

3 thoughts on “The Effects of Improper Waste Disposal

  1. This post frightens me greatly. There is only so much space available on Earth, and although there may seem to be plenty of land to spare, it will quickly run out if we continue to dump garbage and waste everywhere, as you explained. It blows my mind that the United States is so careless about where and how they dispose of their waste, especially waste that can be harmful to humans such as the coal waste being excreted into streams. It also scares me that even Penn State is starting to see the effects of poor disposal of waste, such as the high levels of lead found in the water earlier this year. I hope we can control this issue soon before it is too late.

  2. This is something we seem to not see with our own eyes, but it is happening so universally. Landfills are such an interesting thing to think about because once they all fill up, there is almost nothing we can do… It is scary to think that so many things are effected by this crisis and we may lose biodiversity and therefore mess things up even moreso. I think recycling and composting is so important but for the stuff that cannot be recycled we definitely have to be careful with the disposal of them.

  3. I think understanding the harmful effects of contamination and dumping in the ocean is very important. When people dump things into the water, it is hard for them to realize how much damage they are causing. There is a whole world in the ocean that we tend to forget about because we cannot see it. We are not aware of the damage we cause until it turns around to affect us. The lead contaminating the water we drink at Penn State is a perfect example; we were not aware of how much dumping occurs in streams and bodies of water near here until we realized that it has gotten so out of hand that we cannot even filtrate it out of our drinking water. Our environment is rapidly changing, and we directly impact a majority of those changes.

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