Mentor: Martin Sliwinski (HDFS)
Eric’s research examines when, under what contexts, and for whom psychosocial factors are particularly relevant for cognitive health and aging. He is specifically interested in employing intraindividual variability approaches to assess linkages among modifiable psychosocial risk factors (e.g., affect, control beliefs, personality) and early indicators of age-related cognitive decline and pathological impairment (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease). As a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Pathways Program, Eric will investigate the mechanistic pathways of these associations through ecological momentary assessment techniques, and examine the extent to which tailoring interventions may maximize efficacy and resources in interventions aimed to optimize cognitive health.
Mentors: Chris Engeland (BBH), Marty Sliwinski (HDFS)
I study psychosocial and endocrine precursors to social stress responses in order to understand downstream consequences for health outcomes. I am particularly interested in how perceptions of social status, individual difference (trait dominance) and social textual factors (hierarchy stability), as well as the underlying endocrine determinants of social status (testosterone) impact stress functioning across endocrine, psychophysiological, affective, behavioral, and immune domains. Through the Pathways program, I am investigating the extent to which stress-relevant endocrine and immune factors alter age-related health and well-being disparities. My work is focusing specifically on inflammation as a path by which sex hormones alter risk for Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment.
Mentor: Lesley Ross (HDFS)
My research generally focuses on how we can facilitate improvements in health-related outcomes, such as well-being as well as cognitive and physical functioning in older adults. I specifically study the psychological, social cognitive, and emotional factors that keep older adults active and engaged in daily activities associated with these health benefits. These include internal factors, such as motivation, aging attitudes, goals and motives, as well as external factors, such as social support, environmental constraints, and task-related characteristics. As a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Pathways Program, I plan to investigate (a) the pathways by which psychological and ability variables affect or are affected by training and intervention, (b) the health and ability outcomes most affected, (c) the temporal context surrounding these associations (e.g., immediate or delayed, fleeting or enduring), and (d) the characteristics of individuals likely to benefit—or not—from applied programs.
Mentor: Martin Sliwinski (HDFS) and Nilam Ram (HDFS)
Nelson has a special interest in visual attention, focusing on: how to reliably measure it, how it relates to individual difference factors (e.g., age, sleep) and translating insights from theoretical work in visual attention to applied contexts (e.g. medication errors). He is also interested in understanding the factors that promote technology adherence (e.g., usability, proficiency). Through the Pathways T32 Program, Nelson will explore the temporal stability of visual attention and its relation to situational and environmental factors, through the use of ecological momentary assessments and burst measurement techniques.
Mentors: Lacy Alexander (KINES), Lynn Martire (HDFS)
Cory’s prior research evaluated changes in cardiovascular disease risk, and particularly vascular function, with menopause and the modulatory role of aerobic fitness. With the support of the Pathways T32 fellowship she would like to continue to explore changes in vascular function with aging and how any observed changes may be influenced by sex and exercise training. She also plans to evaluate the impact of these factors on psychosocial outcomes.
Mentors: Scherezade Mama (KINES), Joshua Smyth (BBH)
Nishat is interested in the study of sociocultural, behavioral, and biological determinants of health disparities related to aging in underserved and high-risk populations, including rural residents and racial/ethnic minorities. In the Pathways program, her research will primarily focus on promoting healthy aging and reducing adverse aging-related health outcomes by increasing physical activity among insufficiently active underserved populations.
Mentors: Idan Shalev (BBH), David Almeida (HDFS)
Waylon’s research is focused on disentangling the multi-dimensional relationship between stress and aging. By leveraging a variety of methods to quantify biological age (e.g. telomere length, homeostatic dysregulation), he hopes to identify factors underlying differences in the rate of biological aging. In the Pathways program he will investigate the impact of distal (i.e. major life events) and proximal (i.e. daily affect) stressors on measures of biological aging.”
Jee eun Kang
Mentors: Martin Sliwinski (HDFS), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Jee eun’s research is focused on psychosocial factors that influence health and well-being. She is particularly interested in the effects of social isolation and loneliness on cognitive health as one ages. Through the Pathways T32 Program, she will investigate biological mechanisms (e.g. Cardiovascular and inflammatory process) by which social isolation is associated with cognitive aging.
Mentors: Idan Shalev (BBH), Nilam Ram (HDFS)
Laura’s research is focused on the biological embedding of psychological processes throughout development. By integrating dynamic measures of cellular (e.g. telomere length, epigenetics, transcriptomics), emotional, and psychological functioning within individuals across development, she hopes to identify how psychological factors influence immune system functioning. In the Pathways program she will investigate the relationship between momentary emotional variability and daily gene expression and how these factors are influenced by both cumulative and daily stress exposures.
Mentors: David Almeida (BBH), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Agus studies how early life socioeconomic adversity creates adult health disparities. He is particularly interested in understanding the complex biopsychosocial mechanisms that link early life socioeconomic adversity to adult health disparities. Through the Pathways program, Agus is investigating the association between early life socioeconomic adversity and disparities in kidney function across adulthood.
Mentors: Larry Kenney (KINES), Martin Sliwinski (HDFS)
Tony’s primary research focus is examining the impact of ultraviolet light exposure on vascular function and aging. He is also interested in studying the maintenance of hydration and how this is influenced by healthy aging.
Mentors: Nilam Ram (HDFS), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Xiao is studying network-based multivariate time-series models that can be used to (a) describe the interplay among multiple subsystems (within-person), and (b) examine how the emergent properties of these networks contribute to individual differences and intraindividual change. Through the assistance of the Pathways program, Xiao and her mentors will also investigate the transactions between biological and psychosocial processes that contribute to aging, especially how coordination patterns (e.g., feedback loops) among biological and psychosocial functions influences health and dysfunction.