Mentors: Chris Engeland (BBH), Marty Sliwinski (HDFS)
I study psychosocial and endocrine precursors to social stress responses in order to understand downstream consequences for health outcomes. I am particularly interested in how perceptions of social status, individual difference (trait dominance) and social textual factors (hierarchy stability), as well as the underlying endocrine determinants of social status (testosterone) impact stress functioning across endocrine, psychophysiological, affective, behavioral, and immune domains. Through the Pathways program, I am investigating the extent to which stress-relevant endocrine and immune factors alter age-related health and well-being disparities. My work is focusing specifically on inflammation as a path by which sex hormones alter risk for Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment.
Mentors: Lynn Martire (HDFS) and Orfeu Buxton (BBH)
I research links between marital processes (e.g., coping and support behaviors) and individual health and well-being as couples experience stressors external to their relationships (e.g., work-related and health-related stressors). I am especially interested in adopting a multiple timescale approach, thereby evaluating how micro-level marital processes map onto health outcomes over more prolonged periods of time. I typically adopt a systems perspective and aim to identify specific micro-level marital processes that may account for linkages among spouses’ health and well-being in the context of stress and transition.
Mentor: Martin Sliwinski (HDFS) and Nilam Ram (HDFS)
Nelson has a special interest in visual attention, focusing on: how to reliably measure it, how it relates to individual difference factors (e.g., age, sleep) and translating insights from theoretical work in visual attention to applied contexts (e.g. medication errors). He is also interested in understanding the factors that promote technology adherence (e.g., usability, proficiency). Through the Pathways T32 Program, Nelson will explore the temporal stability of visual attention and its relation to situational and environmental factors, through the use of ecological momentary assessments and burst measurement techniques.
Mentors: Lacy Alexander (KINES), Lynn Martire (HDFS)
Cory’s prior research evaluated changes in cardiovascular disease risk, and particularly vascular function, with menopause and the modulatory role of aerobic fitness. With the support of the Pathways T32 fellowship she would like to continue to explore changes in vascular function with aging and how any observed changes may be influenced by sex and exercise training. She also plans to evaluate the impact of these factors on psychosocial outcomes.
Mentors: Idan Shalev (BBH), David Almeida (HDFS)
Waylon’s research is focused on disentangling the multi-dimensional relationship between stress and aging. By leveraging a variety of methods to quantify biological age (e.g. telomere length, homeostatic dysregulation), he hopes to identify factors underlying differences in the rate of biological aging. In the Pathways program he will investigate the impact of distal (i.e. major life events) and proximal (i.e. daily affect) stressors on measures of biological aging.”
Mentors: Jennifer Graham-Engeland (BBH), Martin Sliwinski (HDFS)
Dusti is interested in the influence of positive affect in everyday life on health, with a particular focus on middle-aged and older adults. Toward that end, she examines the structure of positive emotion and moods and their dynamics (e.g., reactivity to and recovery from events) in everyday life, as well as antecedents of momentary experiences of positive affect, and whether these are associated with health relevant indicators and biomarkers (e.g., stress, inflammation, diurnal cortisol) in ways that may reduce morbidity and mortality.
Jee eun Kang
Mentors: Martin Sliwinski (HDFS), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Jee eun’s research is focused on psychosocial factors that influence health and well-being. She is particularly interested in the effects of social isolation and loneliness on cognitive health as one ages. Through the Pathways T32 Program, she will investigate biological mechanisms (e.g. Cardiovascular and inflammatory process) by which social isolation is associated with cognitive aging.
Mentors: David Almeida (BBH), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Agus studies how early life socioeconomic adversity creates adult health disparities. He is particularly interested in understanding the complex biopsychosocial mechanisms that link early life socioeconomic adversity to adult health disparities. Through the Pathways program, Agus is investigating the association between early life socioeconomic adversity and disparities in kidney function across adulthood.
Mentors: Michele Diaz (PSYCH), Lesley Ross (HDFS)
Sara’s research focuses on how language ability changes as we age. In the Pathways program she will explore the role of white matter in language production ability as well as how physical and cognitive intervention programs could be leveraged to improve older adults’ cognitive functioning.
Mentors: Larry Kenney (KINES), Martin Sliwinski (HDFS)
Tony’s primary research focus is examining the impact of ultraviolet light exposure on vascular function and aging. He is also interested in studying the maintenance of hydration and how this is influenced by healthy aging.
Mentors: Nilam Ram (HDFS), Lacy Alexander (KINES)
Xiao is studying network-based multivariate time-series models that can be used to (a) describe the interplay among multiple subsystems (within-person), and (b) examine how the emergent properties of these networks contribute to individual differences and intraindividual change. Through the assistance of the Pathways program, Xiao and her mentors will also investigate the transactions between biological and psychosocial processes that contribute to aging, especially how coordination patterns (e.g., feedback loops) among biological and psychosocial functions influences health and dysfunction.