The Worlds First Robot Citizen

Becky and Sophia Selfie

Sophia is a humanoid robot, which means that she is able to is able to speak with emotional intelligence, she has human-like features which include blinking, smiling and sadness. She doesn’t have legs and cant move but this didn’t keep her from becoming the first robot citizen of Saudi Arabia. She was developed by Hanson Robotics to live with humans. You might remember her from the time that she said she would destroy humans but recently she spoke in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh. This isn’t her first big public speaking event. She has spoken on the Tonight Show and at numerous conferences around the world. She was designed so that over time she would learn from the people around her and that in time she would be able to uphold conversation with real people. As she continues to travel her intelligence emotional stability continues to grow stronger. As of right no she can show limited emotions such as happiness by raising her eyebrows and showing her teeth as well as sadness by furrowing her eyebrows and frowning.

The goal of the company is to create more A.I like Sophia and join her in a humanoid family and eventually a society. This means that in our lifetime we could see humanoids like Sophia teaching our children, delivering our news in the morning or even driving our cars. The age of living android is among us.

Does regulating artificial intelligence save humanity or just stifle innovation

Image result for artifical intelligence

With the rise of artificial intelligence coming to stage where it will be integrated into our everyday lives people are worried about there privacy and want there to be regulations of how these creations will be used. The things that A.I. are supposed to help people with like helping them shop, recommending movies or TV shows or even having personalized tutors session all involve the A.I. to watch your movements and basically track what you do. Tis is where most people have the problem. For the most part people would like to know if this information is being used to do something other than its general purpose.

This article states that there are already existing rules that will control the uses of A.I and additional regulations are needed and will hinder innovation. I completely agree. Some of the examples given are that  drones must obey FAA regulations, and the self-driving car AI must obey regular traffic laws to operate on public roadways. With these laws there will be room for improvement and specification to A.I but to create additional rules would just be redundant.

The article then goes into more about what if the A.I. decided that its doesn’t need humans anymore and decided that the would be a better place without them. To combat these ideas the A.I would have to be programed with 3 rules. Robots cannot injure humans or allow them to come to harm. they must obey humans unless it would harm humans and protect themselves as long as this doesn’t harm humans or ignore and order.

Artificial intelligence systems have the potential to we do everything. The people who come up with technology shouldn’t be help down.  Ever since the beginning of the internet there has always been the concern of someone or something using the “new” technology for somethin evil. Overall this article is a very interesting read I feel that it talks about some of the things we have discussed or are discussing in class right now.

Can We Teach Robots Ethics

As we reach a time of a strong network of Internet of Things where many of our everyday objects are able to assist us in daily activities, there will come a time where these objects will start having to make choices for us. This article gives the example of driverless cars, which are projects to be integrated onto the highways by the next decade, having the ability to solve the trolley problem. Two kids run out into the street to try and catch their call and there is no time to stop and brake. The car also has the option of swerving left which will result in the car hitting oncoming traffic. What choice will the car make. the factor of the car being able to chose brings us the question of what kind of ethics should we program into the car? How should we value the life of the driver compared to bystanders or passengers in other cars? Would you buy a car that was prepared to sacrifice its driver to spare the lives of pedestrians? With each choice come repercussions, which then brings the question of where does the fault lie, on the manufacturer, the technology company or the person inside the car.

Another example is the use of autonomous weapons. The article brought up both pros and cons with this idea. There are the obvious cons about cons about these robots shouldn’t be allowed because they can mass destruct but the article states that we have the possibility to create weapons which make it less likely that civilians will be killed. One of the ways to make this method work is by “machine learning.” In this process the robots are instilled with a very basic “avoid suffering” “promote happiness” basis. Then as the robot is used it “learns” ethics by watching what it is told to do.

The article goes on to give more and more examples but overall I do believe that these robots with the right program and being put in the right hands, have the possibility to change how we live our lives. This isn’t something out of a science fiction movie anymore. These robots will exist and most likely become the norm with in the next couple of decades.

Do you think it is possible to robots to be given a sense of ethics?

Robot caregivers are saving the elderly from lives of loneliness

An elderly resident holds a therapeutic robot named Paro at the Suisyoen retirement home, about 30 km (19 miles) south of the tsunami-crippled nuclear plant in Iwaki, Fukushima prefecture, July 28, 2011. For some elderly survivors of Japan’s march earthquake and tsunami, comfort comes in the form of a small white robotic seal named Paro. The residents of the nursing home came back from a nearly two-month-long evacuation since the nuclear crisis in Fukushima. Picture taken July 28, 2011. To match Reuters Life! ROBOT-SEAL/ REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon (JAPAN – Tags: SCI TECH SOCIETY ENERGY)

According to the U.S Census, slights over 5 percent of the 65+ population occupy nursing homes, congregate care, assisted living, and board-and-care homes and about 4.2 percent are in nursing homes at any given time. While 5% might not seem like a lot but there are approximately 78 million baby boomers. So approximately 5 percent, or 3.9 million people are expected to head for these facilities. Also with baby-boomers retiring later, all these people will most likely start needing assistance all at the same time.

Japan is aware of this, and that’s why they are one of the first nations to introduce support robots into their options for elderly care. In Japan the annual birth rate has been dropping and a quater of the population is 65+. Japan has deployed the Dinsow elder care robot into many of the homes of the elderly. This robots acts as sort of a persnal assistant. It helps its user remember to take their pills, tracks their health and automatically answers incoming calls from family and doctors. They also made a second version of this robot that is small enough to live on the night stand of bedridden patients.

For patients who need companion as well as a guardian as well, there is the MiRo robotic dog. Like the other robot, it does the typical pill regimen management, general companionship and appointment reminders but it also keeps an eye on the health of the patient. It tries talking to you and then based on the signals it gets front the paitent, it will contant a command control system which will braodcast on a home speaker asking you again if you are all right, and telling you to slap your wrist. That refers to a biometric sensing wristband that the user wears which tracks their vitals.”If you slap your wrist the process will stop but will be logged,” says the MiRo’s designer, Sebastian Conran. “If you don’t slap your wrist it will… go to a carer, who can see your heart rate and body temperature, and rewind your life using the cameras in the home to see what happened. So when the ambulance gets there, they’ll know what they’re working with.”

The States aren’t  too far behind because we are deploying the ElliQ which is a system similar to the Dinsow in December. Its a interactive robot with an integrated tablet. It will tracks its users pill regimen and connects them to family, friends and medical professionals  through video calls and social media. The system will utilize machine learning to figure out its users preferences and “quirks.” It can then make proactive activity recommendations based on what it know its user likes.

Would you trust the life of your parents or grandparents in the hands of a robot?