RCL #8 Paradigm Shift Rough Draft

The change of human trafficking considered as an international problem to a problem that also occurs within the United States is evident through laws established throughout history that focus on international and domestic human trafficking.  Many citizens of the United States only believe that individuals who have been trafficked to the United States are from foreign countries.  However, many victims of human trafficking are citizens of the United States.

  • International laws try to eliminate human trafficking
    • immoral actions and devastating effects
    • The United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
      • Helps with returning children who have been trafficked to different countries.
      • Prohibits the trafficking of children for sexual purposes and labor.
      • Punishes people guilty of participating in the illegal act of human trafficking.
      • Individuals’ rights of parenting a child will be removed, if they are guilty of trafficking a child.
  • Domestic laws
    • Trafficking Victims Protection Act was created in 2000.
      • Emphasizes the need to end the plight of human trafficking to eliminate the trauma that these individuals endure.
      • Allows the State Department’s office to control trafficking and the President’s Interagency Task Force to control trafficking to initiate change for this issue.
    • Obama’s effort to raise awareness
      • Established January as human trafficking awareness month and January 11, 2011 as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.
      • On January 11, 2011, events occurred to raise awareness of the urgency to end human trafficking.  Alliance to End Human Trafficking started a campaign for the government to renew the Trafficking Victims Protection Act to protect the women and children in our world.

Through the shift of public opinion about human trafficking, we are more aware of the severe consequences that this act has on women and children.  Women and children should not live in fear of their lives.

RCL # 7 It’s What I Do

Addario’s novel enable her readers to sympathize and empathize with the people suffering in her photos.  The images that Addario incorporates provide us with the ability to visualize these people’s reality.  The tears and facial expressions in these images delineate the harsh environment of some countries where women struggle to find equality and children liv in fear everyday.  Through the effect of these images, Addario’s readers try to understand the differences between individuals’ opinions of a normal life.
In the last section of images of Addario’s It’s What I Do, the thirteenth image depicts a young woman named, Kahindo, who was kidnapped by rwandan soldiers for three years.  While Kahindo was held captive, she was raped and had two children.  In this image, Kahindo and her children are looking out of the window in their home, while the light shines through.  Her children look content and innocent because they cannot understand the challenges that they will face in their life.  However, Kahindo looks out of her window with fear and concern in her eyes.  Since she has endured many hardships, Kahindo fears for the lives of her children.
The thirty-ninth image in the last section of images portrays a woman suffering from dehydration and starvation.  The young woman’s eyes are closed and her face shows the pain that she carries with her.  The children surrounding this woman are trying to feed her biscuits because they understand the challenge of living without food and water.  This image demonstrates the compassion of others through the love from these children, which is necessary in this time of turmoil.
I can incorporate images of my dogs playing and enjoying their lives to emphasize the significance of dogs in my life.   I can capture their warmth and optimistic energy through pictures of them running around and enjoying the outdoors.  Through these images of my dogs, I will demonstrate their ability to brighten anyone’s day.

Civic Artifact Essay Rough Draft

The UNICEF Child Abuse Commercial evokes pathos through the changes between the feelings of the audience members.  In the beginning, the young boy is excited about creating his halloween costume especially through his diligent work.  From viewing the wide smile on the boy’s face, the audience is filled with a sense of nostalgia about their joyful childhood memories.  The opening of the door to the boy’s room signifies his fear.  He is used to being alarmed because of the unexpected abuse he endures everyday.  As a terrified and scared boy, he bends into and hides in the “dresser” that he has made to emphasize his desire of wanting to be invisible.  Frightened by the future, the young boy tries to conceal his fate.  Toward the end of the commercial, the words,“There are children who play to be invisible,” appear on the screen.n The use of the word “invisible” causes the audience to empathize and sympathize with the young boy.

Along with engaging with the emotions of the commercial, it also demonstrates the impact of ethos toward the creator of the it, UNICEF.  UNICEF defends children’s rights of obtaining basic nutrition, education, immunization to fight diseases.  This Foundation emphasizes the necessity of children to be treated with respect, compassion, support, and love.  Children need advocates in their lives who they can depend on.

This message of this UNICEF commercial plays a role in Kairos.  The commercial occurs during Halloween, which indicates the boy’s desire and need to be accepted and loved by his family members.  Even during these holidays filled with joy, there are still people who suffer, so we must appreciate our blessings.  In order to enforce the dangers of emotional, verbal, sexual, and physical abuse, parents must act upon this cause to save children.  Parents need to be encouraged to protect children from around the world, not just their own children.  Action is needed before this problem worsens.  According to Michelle Healy from USA Today, many statistics point toward child neglect being the main impact for abused children.  According to the National Academy of Science’s Institute of Medicine,  child neglect accounts for 75% of reported child abuse cases.  In addition, based on research from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System, more than 3 million cases for child abuse and neglect involve around 6 million children.  In addition, according to Patterson, the largest risk factors for child abuse are parents abusing substances, a history of child abuse or neglect, and depression.  Based off of Molly Jenkin’s research for the American Humane Association, the increase in emotional and psychological abuse reports is related to society’s change of belief of what is considered to be abuse.  Jenkins claims that as more people accept emotional abuse as abuse, more people will report this type of serious abuse.

The UNICEF commercial emphasizes the ideology that abused and neglected children feel invisible.  This is evident in the effects of abuse which include: depression, violent tendencies, learning deficiencies, or suicidal thoughts.  The commonplaces relevant in this commercial delineate traditions that are not followed through families with a history of child abuse.  In many households, a child’s parent making or buying their Halloween costumes is a tradition.  However, in this commercial, the child is making his own costume.  The boy has to make his own costume, even though this should be a family tradition for the parents to initiate.  The costume is a drawer which represents his desire to hide from his life and the abuse.  Saint Mary’s Villa establishes the positive tradition of initiating these children into their families through family meetings.  Saint Mary’s Villa and the commercial emphasizes child’s need to be comforted and supported by family.  The commercial emphasizes the need of the child to be immersed in tradition of family.

Our civic duty is to protect these children from the horrors of child abuse.  Children should not live in fear everyday of their lives.  They deserve a childhood filled with joyous memories of playing with their family and friends.

Civic Artifact Rough Draft

  • UNICEF Child Abuse Commercial
    •  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5y-x6-rOMv0  
    • Pathos
      • Audience members drastically change their feelings during this commercial
        • At the beginning, the young boy is excited and happy about building this costume
          • Works really hard to cut and paint
            • Audience is excited for this boy’s costume
        • His smiling expression changes once the door opens
          Signifies how easily frightened he is

          • Used to being alarmed because anything could happen to him since abuse is unexpected
          • Terrified, frightened look on his face
          • He bends down and hides into the “dresser” to emphasize his desire of wanting to be invisible
          • Trying to hide from his abuser
          • Scared of the future
        • “There are children who play to be invisible”
          • The use of the word “invisible” causes the audience to empathize and sympathize with the young boy
    • Ethos
      • UNICEF made the commercial
      • Defends children’s rights of having basic nutrition, education, immunization to fight diseases
      • Emphasizes the necessity of children to be treated with respect, compassion, support, and love
    • Kairos
      • Occurring during Halloween which is a time for family and friends
      • Even during these holidays filled with joy, there are still people who suffer
      • Must appreciate our blessings
    • Ideology
      • Common belief that abused and neglected children feel invisible and want to hide
      • Effects of abuse include: depression, suicidal thoughts, violent tendencies,
    • Commonplaces
      • Tradition of making Halloween costumes
        • Child is making his own costume instead of the tradition of the parents making the costume or buying the costume
        • Costume is a drawer which represents his desire to hide from his life and the abuse
      • Connection with Saint Mary’s Villa
        • Tradition of initiating these children into their families again through family meetings
        • Commercial emphasizes child’s need to be comforted and supported by family
        • Has to make his own Halloween costume, even though this should be a family tradition for the parents to initiate
        • Commercial emphasizes the need of the child to be immersed in tradition of family
    • Conclusion
      • Our civic duty is to protect these children from the horrors of child abuse.  Children should not live in fear everyday of their lives.  They deserve a childhood filled with joyous memories of playing with their family and friends.

Their Safe Haven

What is your safe haven?  Do you have a special spot on campus under the trees where you can destress?  Do you have a specific ice cream parlor in your hometown that reminds you of your family?  Saint Mary’s Villa is the safe haven for many abused and neglected children from Philadelphia.  In 1911, Saint Mary’s Villa was founded as an orphanage for boys by the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. In 1936, the orphanage moved to the Lindenwold castle, which was owned by Richard V. Mattison.  In 1966, this castle became the set for the comedy The Trouble with Angels.  Some individuals visualize this home as a symbol of a popular movie, while others imagine it as the solution to the plight of neglected children.  While supporting the physical, psychological, and emotional needs for children, Saint Mary’s Villa focuses on helping these children fulfill their potential and find their passion in life.

  • Pathos’ role in human nature
    • People naturally support children who have experienced trauma through physical, emotional, and sexual abuse.
    • This hardwired instinct to protect children extends to all mammals with high levels of awareness.
    • Innately have empathy and sympathy towards children.
    • Compassion toward children, and are shocked by the news of abuse from parents and other relatives.
    • Sense of urgency to protect children has enabled populations to survive.
      • If a built in protective mechanism for children failed to exist, mankind would be extinct.
    • Saint Mary’s Villa’s purpose is to act as a safe and accepting environment for neglected children to find a sense of comfort and acceptance.
  • Ideologies
    • Communities should do more to help children so that they can fulfill their potential
    • Cultural “norms”
      • Individuals not only feel the cruelty of child abuse but also are cognitively aware of the detrimental effects
        • Physical, behavioral, and psychological effects such as injuries, brain damage, death, decreased confidence, learning difficulties, and violent behaviors
        • Consequences impact victim and society
    • Governmental laws to prevent child abuse for the culture of society
      • The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 2003
      • Reflect ideological views on the subject
  • Commonplaces that delineate the support for the fight to help abused children
    • Saint Mary’s Villa provides a nurturing environment to support children as they grow
      • Taught about respect, responsibility, and unity
    • Tradition of the significance of family and community
      • Common belief among all people to value their family
      • Family dinners on Sundays
      • Tries to implement this tradition into the abused children’s lives.
        • Necessary for their growth and development
        • To do well in school and to make the best of the opportunities presented to them

Protecting these frightened and tormented children is part of everyone’s civic duty as citizens.  The duty of individuals is to protect them from the evils of the world and to teach the children about healthy familial relationships.  Part of the mission of Saint Mary’s Villa is to provide these children and their families with the hope that they will surpass this problem.  Strengthening the children’s  support system and increasing their trust in others will enable them to pursue their goals in the future.  Since humans value the nourishment and development of children, acting on the issue of children’s safety is vital.

Works Consulted

National Research Council. Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. The National Academies Press, 1993, 208-225. Web. 18 Sept. 2017. https://www.nap.edu/read/2117/chapter/8

“The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 2003.” Children’s Bureau: An Office of the administration for Children and Families.  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 31 Dec. 2003. Web. 19 Sept. 2017. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/resource/capta2003

The Villa Ambler 2017. The Villa a PHMC Affiliate Program. Web. Sept. 14 2017. http://www.thevillaambler.org/



RCL #3 – It’s What I Do

The most compelling scenes in It’s What I Do involve the effective use of descriptive language.  When Addario expresses her fear during the first bomb she witnessed, I can clearly imagine her experience.  Within this moment, she realized that she should not enable her nerves to prevent her from fulfilling her passion.  Addario explains to her readers that although this experience was new and frightening, she missed the opportunity to photograph intense images of the dead and injured.

To emphasize the shock that resonated with her while the dead body in the pickup truck passed her, Addario utilizes her strong voice to delineate her genuine concern and passion about spreading the word about the cruelty that she photographs.  Instead of saying that this person suffered from a brain injury, Addario enthusiastically writes, “Brains poured out of a gash in the head.”  Her readers do not lose focus with her writing style because she is trying to portray one of the most heartbreaking and life changing experiences.   This descriptive languages ensures that her readers understand the horrible conditions that Addario, as a photojournalist, is responsible to capture.

In order to cause more people to engage with my passion, I will use more insightful words that will demonstrate my emotions.  I want to convey my interest in dogs so that my readers know that I am genuinely passionate about the benefits of rescuing dogs.  To enable my readers to picture themselves in each of the scenes that I will eventually describe in my blog, I will utilize the importance of specific actions.  I will try to ensure that my blog focuses on my physical experiences and not only on the words that express my love for dogs.  My passion for dogs extends beyond my two dogs because dogs benefit everyone from their loving and optimistic personalities.  Incorporating vivid images of my joyful and playful memories with my dogs will provide my readers with the desire for them to discover their unique passion or dream.


Rcl #2 – It’s What I Do

Addario mentions the story about her Nana’s lover because she wants to emphasize the importance of passion.  She encourages her readers not only to find their passions but also to invest in them.  Addario nourishes her passion by taking advantage of every opportunity that is presented to her.  Even though these opportunities conflict with her personal life, she chooses her passion for photography because she is certain that photography will be part of her life in the future.

Addario believes that when she finds true love, it will fit into the mold of her life.  True love will not keep her from pursuing her dream of continuing to work as a photographer in a myriad of countries.  I believe that Addario wants her readers to understand that they cannot ignore their passion when there are many chances to live it.

I want to encourage everyone to rescue dogs so that they can have a peaceful, safe, and comfortable home to live in.  By benefiting them with a loving home, we receive the gift of joy and happiness from their positive presence.

Knowing that you are appreciated enhances your ability to appreciate others.  My dogs, Angel and Princess, always wait on the window sill next to our large living room window for my siblings and I to come home from school.  They perch themselves on top so that they can see us walk up our long driveway.  As soon as we open the door, they bark, jump, and run with delight.

What is better than having your dog wait all day for you to come home?  What is better than embracing your dogs after a hard day at school?  What is better than being showered with kisses and hugs at the end of a long day?

I cannot think of anything.


RCL #1 It’s What I Do – Prompt 1

One of my ideas for my passion blog is to write about my dogs, Angel and Princess.  Since we have rescued them from the SPCA, they have had a positive effect on my family dynamic.  I want to encourage everyone to rescue dogs so that they can find a peaceful and comfortable home.  My first passion blog will be about the details about their lives before my family took them into our home.  I want to emphasize the importance of the love and compassion that dogs need.  I also want to talk about the consequences of abused dogs because their personalities are deeply affected.  My second passion blog post will be about the personalities of dogs.  My dogs have unique personalities that correlate with their names. My third passion blog will be about my dogs’ quirks.  My fourth blog will be about how my dogs are able to communicate despite their inability to talk.  Lastly, my fifth passion blog will be about the benefits of dog therapy.

My second idea for my passion blog is to discuss the different service activities that I have participated in.  I will talk about what I have learned about myself and others from each experience.  For my first passion blog, I will describe my service trip to West Virginia.  My second blog post will be about the forensics program that I created at an underprivileged grade school, La Salle Academy, in Philadelphia.  My third blog post will be about my experience with tutoring third to fifth grade children at La Salle Academy.  My fourth passion blog will be about my experience with volunteering for my grade school’s forensics program.  My fifth blog post will be about my passion for being a UNITAS retreat leader, which involved delivering a speech and leading discussions and activities.