For a current copy of my CV, click here.

My current research agenda is primarily focused on two questions– what role connections to political parties or to government play in social movements and how do social movements — here particularly women’s movements– influence political activism and public opinion.



1)  100 Years of the Nineteenth Amendment:  An Appraisal of Women’s Political Activism (edited volume with Holly McCammon). 2018.  (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

In 2020, the United States will celebrate 100 years since enactment of the Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote.  This volume looks back at the decades since women won the right to vote to analyze the changes, developments and even continuities in women’s role in the broad political sphere. It asks two important questions about the last 100 years with this fundamental amendment to the U.S. constitution in place: 1) How did the Nineteenth Amendment alter the American political system? and 2) How has women’s engagement in politics changed over the last 100 years? In so doing, our volume will speak to important changes but also continuities in gender politics and women’s activism.  Moreover, our volume will set the stage for looking forward and anticipating women’s roles in the political system during the next 100 years.

       Related Media Appearances:

        CSPAN3 on the Legacies of the Nineteenth Amendment

2) 2016 National Convention Protest Study (Supported by the McCourtney Institute of Democracy) (with Daniel Gillion, John McCarthy, Patricia Posey and Kevin Reuning)

Using techniques for approximating random samples of protestors developed by the Contextualizing Contestation project,  we survey protestors at the Republican and Democratic National Convention to examine their party connections, level of political engagement and political attitudes.

Working Papers:

“Outside the Convention: Partisan Protestors at the 2016 RNC and DNC and Partisan Activism”  (with Kevin Reuning). Available upon request.

“The Strategy of Protest: Action, Message, and Community” (with Kevin Reuning).   Under Review.  Available upon request

Preliminary results :

National Convention Protest Survey Report: Participants at Public Events Outside the 2016 RNC and DNC”  by Mikaela Westhoff, Lee Ann Banaszak, and Kevin Reuning

Three Surprising Facts about the Protestors at the Republican National Convention”  by Shan-Jan Sarah Liu, Patricia Posey, and Kevin Reuning

Who were the Protestors at the Democratic National Convention this week?”  by Shan-Jan Sarah Liu, Patricia Posey, and Kevin Reuning

Other media coverage of the project:

USA Today

Chronicle of Higher Education


Undergraduate blogs/media contributions:

Aviva Doery in Austrian magazine Profil

Ilayda Orankoy McCourtney Institute for Democracy blogs:

3)  Learning from Protest  (With Shan-Jan Sarah Liu and Burcin Tamer)

(Supported with a grant from the Spencer Foundation)

These projects uses cross-national surveys of young peoples to examine how youth attitudes are affected by the use of protest.  The project asks three sets of related questions: 1) How does a nation’s political context – specifically the amount and form of protest – influence young citizens’ civic attitudes? 2) How does protest concerning specific issues (e.g., environment or immigration) influence adolescent’s attitudes towards the subject? Do young people learn from highly publicized protests? 3) Do teachers’ orientations influence student attitudes?  Does the amount and form of protest in a country interact with the influence of teachers?

Working Papers:

Learning Gender Equality: Women’s Movement Influence on Youth Attitudes in a Comparative Perspective.   Under review.

Learning Protest: How National Protest Contexts Influence Adolescents’ Views of Unconventional Political Participation


4)  Insider activism and Leadership of Social Movement Organizations (with Erica Dollhopf)

This project uses original data collection on organizations in the United States and their leaders to examine whether social movement organizations benefit from having had leaders who have served in government and the degree to which leaders in social movement organizations may end up serving afterward in government institutions.



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