RCL #8 – Paradigm Shift Essay Draft


  • Discuss the current acceptance of evolution in the education system along with the denial that it is still met with among religious institutions and followers.
  • Detail the unchallenged creationism that was established beforehand and the fact that evidence had surfaced to compete with religious theories.
  • Explain the shift that took place once evolution was legally allowed to be taught in schools.
  • Thesis: With the objective of proving evolution to be the answer to the question, “How did we get here?” the scientific community’s tireless work accumulated to changing the way we interpret the world and ourselves: an understanding that can only grow stronger as science and technology continues to advance.

Before Evolutionary Concept 

  • Talk about the infallible idea of religion that many followed during the 1800s when Charles Darwin lived.
  • Evidence
  • Commentary
  • Briefly discuss Darwin’s proposal of evolution by means of natural selection.

Implications (Analysis)

  • Explain the shock, discomfort, and sometimes anger that Darwin’s theory brought about.
  • Evidence
  • Commentary

Research Leading up to the Paradigm Shift

  • Darwin’s theory started being widely accepted in late 1800s while research continued.
  • Evidence
  • Commentary
  • Include brief supported argument against evolutionist theory provided by creationists.

Implications (Analysis)

  • Describe the actions of the Evolution Protest Movement (EPM).
  • Evidence
  • Commentary

The Shift 

  • Discuss the introduction of evolution into the school curriculum as opposed to the Genesis creation narrative.
  • Epperson v. Arkansas (1968).
  • Commentary

Implications (Analysis) 

  • Discuss the unhappiness some felt because of the Supreme Court decision.
  • Effects/Evidence
  • Commentary

Concept of Evolution in the Future (post shift)

  • Discuss the still widespread practice of religion despite the knowledge of evolution.
  • Science allows followers of religion to make an informed decision on what they choose to believe.
  • Commentary


  • Restate stuff
  • Decent sentence to end it

RCL #6 – It’s What I do

Addario’s unique career as a female war photojournalist greatly influences not only the way that others view her, but the way she views herself. Of course, most people have experienced the feeling of misplacement whether it be attending a new school or deciding to attend a gathering where everybody knows each other for the first time, but few can imagine the chronic lack of belonging for someone whose career automatically defines them as “different.” The conflict for Addario arises in the fact that her unique background makes it nearly impossible for her to find somewhere in which her interests and stories can be truly appreciated instead of being found eccentric.

An instance of Addario’s conflict with having to be around people so different from her is displayed in chapter 8, where she is attending Paul’s friend’s birthday party. During the celebration, she writes that she feels extremely out of place because of how much her background and experiences differ from those of the other people at the party. She even mentions that her clothes aided in making her stick out like because she says that a party in New York requires, “fitted jeans, a stylish top,” and, “a pair of high heels.” This creates conflict for Addario because despite her strong feelings for Paul, she begins to feel that being with him may not work because they lead such different lives.

From the reader’s perspective, Addario becomes much more relatable because of her inner conflict with feeling out of place. Since this is a problem that most people experience at least once in their lives, readers can start to see Addario as more of an actual person than a character. I myself am able to relate to her experiences better because I have recently been put in a position where I feel slightly out of place: coming from Tennessee to Penn State for college.

My passion blog, as its central theme is to raise awareness about nature’s beauty in order to increase efforts towards keeping it that way, could benefit from a display of conflict with taking the first step toward cleaning up the environment. Everyone says that they want the environment to be healthy, but they don’t know where to start. I could introduce some ideas in my blog that detail effective first steps for improving the environment.

RCL #5 Rhetorical Analysis Essay Draft

As it has for the vast majority of the United States’ history, war continues to ravage the world of today. Countless lives and billions of dollars have been lost in the furnace of what seems to be an eternal fire that, though it may weaken at times, has never quite been put out. In times of war, people look for something to unite them. They search for anything that could bring different groups together, whether it be a hand gesture, a symbol, or even a slogan. Just as the victory sign helped spread a hopeful message of peace and unity during and after World War II, the peace sign carried a similar message as it fostered hope that this peace could be kept. Through understanding the peace sign’s historical context, its commonplaces concerning appeals of pathos, and the demographic that embraced the symbol, the potential for this civic artifact to facilitate peace in today’s contentious society can be unlocked.

Created by Gerald Herbert Holtom in 1958 and publicized by Bertrand Russell in the same year, the peace sign came into existence at at time in which many injustices were being done in Europe. It became a symbol that showed the innocent people’s surrender to firing squads at first, giving way to its future meaning of hoping to achieve nuclear disarmament.

While today the peace sign’s use is not overly common, the basic idea that all societies should get along still remains as commonplace as it was during the 1950s through the 1980s.  Although the symbol itself may not display an emotion-provoking image, its historical context supplies the image with all of the emotional appeal necessary for the symbol’s message to be heeded. People’s fear of their loved ones dying as a result of nuclear war provided quite the incentive for them to utilize the peace sign not only as a symbol of hope, but as a tool of protest.

Sign was embraced strongly by adolescents and millennials.

Counterarguments including the artifacts use to represent violent or damaging ideas.