Tag Archives: RCL

RCL #8- Paradigm Shift Rough Draft

Throughout the recruiting process Dayne Crist was overwhelmed by the instant fame he received from college coaches. He was getting 36 texts a day from different college coaches, none of which he answered. He received emails, letters, and phone calls constantly talking about scholarships and opportunities he would have. Even his parents were feeling the pressure and stress from all the attention their son was getting and he was only a junior in high school. While I know some people who waited until the last minute, literally, to decide what college they wanted to attend in their senior year of high school, Dayne Crist was trying to make the same decision in his junior year of high school and with more pressure on him (Reference A). I went through this same process during my junior year in high school. I started getting calls and emails from college coaches wanting me to come visit their school, because they were interested in me. I felt like my time to decide was so limited and that I needed to make my decision soon or I wouldn’t get into a good college. Throughout the years student athletes have felt pressure and stress from the recruiting process. With new technology, higher competition, helicopter parents, and recruiting starting at a younger and younger age the process have changed throughout these years. These pressures and resources create a cause for more rules and regulations in the recruiting process. With more rules, more are broken.

These days people, specifically coaches and admission boards can find everything they need to know about a student with the click of a button. Before the Internet coaches would have to hear through the grape vine about an athlete and make the trip out to their school and watch them play. These trips also gave them the chance to meet the players and determine what kind of person they are. Now, with all the top ten players and statistic websites coaches do not have to go watch a player to decide if they want them. Also, to decide what kind of person a possible recruit is a coach has many resources online to figure that out, for example, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to name a few. In high school we had lectures teaching us the possible permanence of something you put online and the damage it could cause. My parents never had these kinds of lessons because they did not have the resources that we do today to connect with everyone. “Many athletic departments already use the Internet to assess potential recruits and determine those factors that are most likely to influence their choice of school” (Reference H). Not only do coaches use the Internet to decide whether they like an athlete or not they use this resource to help them figure out what the athlete is looking for in a school. I feel like the Internet has turned recruiting into a dating site. The players are trying to make the best impression they can online to possible future schools while the schools are using this information to make their school seem like the best fit for the athlete. Two other ways the Internet allows coaches easier access to the student-athletes is through online questionnaires and email. As a student athlete you can go onto almost any college sport website and fill out their questionnaire online. This allows the college to find prospective student-athletes without making very much effort. Emails require more energy for the school than online questionnaires, but it also expresses more interest from the school in the students’ eyes. College coaches are not allowed email student-athletes until after their sophomore year according the NCAA regulations. NCAA regulations will be discussed later. Past student athletes did not have access to online questionnaires or email during their recruiting process. Technology has greatly changed the recruiting process by allowing the student-athletes and schools easier and less expensive access to each other.

Every year the competition in athletes get more and more intense. The higher expectations and more advanced technology in regards to equipment put greater pressure on student-athletes. “When I started coaching in 1958, I guess the biggest player I had was 185 or 190 pounds,” says Nick Hyder, head football coach at Valdosta (Ga.) High School. “Today, I’m coaching youngsters who are 250, 270, and are pretty good athletes. That’s on a high school football team, now.” (Reference J). Obviously the physical requirements for athletes to play these days have increased greatly throughout the years. Athletes overall have to become bigger, faster, stronger, and better in order to compete at high level than past athletes had to be. The high competition makes it harder for students to stand out and catch a coaches interest. This may lead students to drugs and/or alcohol, either to try to help them in their performance or just because they need a way to relieve the stress they feel.

“Helicopter parents” is a term I learned the first week in college. Parents that fall under this category are controlling and overly involved in their child’s life in all aspects. The change of parents’ views about their kids throughout the years has also change the recruiting process. Before this new breed of parents exists, kids were basically on their own to figure things out. No, their parents did not want them to fail, but they did make their kids achieve and develop to where they naturally would. These parents get extremely involved in the recruiting process, almost to the extent of where the coaches feel as though they are recruiting the parent instead of the student-athlete. I have seen many cases of this when I was going through the same process. Helicopter parents believe that their children deserve anything they want whether they earned it or not.

Another aspect of recruiting that changes throughout the years is the target age of coaches recruiting athletes. Student-athletes are committing to schools earlier and earlier. Some athletes are completely skipping college and going straight to professional leagues. “[Kevin] Garnett decided to enter pro basketball straight out of high school, and was drafted by the Minnesota Timberwolves” (Reference J) Not only are college coaches recruiting at a younger age but also professional leagues. I mean look at Thomas Hertl, a 19-year-old hockey player who scored 4 goals for the Sharks against the New York Rangers. The examples of today’s young recruits go on, the list is much longer than it used to be back when my parents were in high school. The combination of younger age recruiting and helicopter parents creates a volatile mixture which tends to lead toward children only being allowed to play one sport and not putting as much emphasis on school work as athletic work. One of my friend’s dad does not let him play golf because he believe it will mess with his baseball swing, he is 12. Kids have less opportunity to explore and find what they are truly passionate about in sports when their time is being more limited before recruits are looking for their next star. “In the beginning, you can play several different sports and love them all equally. It’s not until things get serious that most athletes choose just one sport” (Reference C). The sad thing is that the time when things get serious is coming sooner and sooner for athletes. Kids are being persuaded by their high school coaches to only play one sport, but there are still some like “Luther, who has 20 years of baseball coaching experience, believes high school athletes should play more than one sport, “ Without question, they become more competitive, their work ethic is a little bit better, people are tracking their grades all the time, it’s just a little bit of a better situation that they can be in a structured environment all the time” (Reference C) Luther believes that when you are entering collegiate sports “that’s when they should focus their energy on a single sport” (Reference C). Playing in more than one sport definitely has its advantages and disadvantages.

All these things changing in recruiting is causing the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) to create rules and regulations, mainly to protect the student-athletes from being bombarded by coaches and their recruiting methods. One rule mentioned earlier was that college coaches can not email a student-athlete until after their sophomore year in high school. This rule is a perfect example of trying to limit the amount of contact a coach is able to make with prospective athletes. Without this rule athletes could be getting hundreds of emails their sophomore, even freshman, year in high school when they may not even be sure which sport they want to play in college if they are a multisport athlete. During my recruiting process I received an email from a college coach asking if I could visit their school, I informed him that I was still a sophomore and that he was not allowed to email me. He apologized and then had to submit his rule violation to the NCAA so that they knew it had happened. Because he submitted the form in time and he did not pursue emailing me until he was allowed to nothing happened. That was a minor violation but the violations that make headlines are usually major and are hidden for multiple months or years. For example, the “University of Colorado faced charges, it used sex, alcohol and drugs to recruit high school players” (Reference E). This scandal basically destroyed the University of Colorado’s football program and its reputation. These unethical ways of recruiting is spreading to the majority of Universities, big and small. “Money seems to be the force that’s causing what is happening,” says William Friday, president-emeritus of the University of North Carolina and chair of the reformist Knight Foundation Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics.” (Reference E) Money is also a big issue during the recruiting process, some schools offering students perks that they are not allowed to supply under NCAA eligibility regulations. I have heard of many athletes becoming ineligible because they accept money or gifts from colleges, which is also breaking NCAA rules. Under NCAA regulations a student-athletes most important thing is their eligibility, if they lose it they are unable to play amateur sports, including collegiate sports. Getting your eligibility back is almost impossible and in some cases not possible at all.

Overall the recruiting process has changed drastically throughout the years. Many things have caused the changes of recruiting and the changes occurring have had an effect on a lot of rules and regulations.

RCL #7- Paradigm Shift

Recruiting at a younger age

– teams that aren’t very good have a chance to get better
– players have a chance to choose to be on a good team
– maybe the players transfer to a better school
– gives them relief knowing where they are going
– makes players feel special getting the attention
– becomes more like college
– gives players more options

– more stress on players
– parents tend to interfere more, Helicopter parents
– team may not be what they think once they get there
– too soon to tell player’s true talent
– against the rules
– Private Schools have an advantage
– becomes more like college
– adds another aspect of high school hockey (most likely not in a good way)
– takes focus form developing players
– lack of school/town pride
– lack of history/chemistry
– focus more on individual than team (even though team sport)
– money becomes involved (with Private Schools)
– pressures younger kids into only picking one sport, doesn’t allow them to explore other options

RCL #6- Rhetorical Analysis Unit

The main thing I learned during the rhetorical analysis unit was the term Kairos. If someone had asked me what Kairos were before this unit I would have no idea how to respond. Kairos is the opportunity to state an argument. Recognizing these is important in politics. If someone wants to bring a topic up when no one else is interested in the topic then they will be sadly disappointed with the lack of response they get. You need to be patient when bringing up arguments in a group. I can apply this concept to my daily life as well. I need to remember that my audience has to be interested in the topic I’m talking about or I will get a response less than satisfactory.

Secondly, although I already knew what, ethos, pathos, and logos are it was a nice refresher to go over them again. I enjoyed being able to look at them in a more complex way than just emotions, reputation, and logic.

Lastly, I learned that there are different types of arguments; forensic, deliberative, and epideietic. Forensic arguments have to do with past issues, while deliberative arguments are future issues. Epideietic, which I am still unsure is a real word because no word programs recognize is as one, are arguments dealing with present issues. More specifically they are usually arguments dealing with praise or blame.

One thing that surprised me during this unit was how loose the definition of an argument was. I always thought of an argument as two people yelling at each other. This is not the case in rhetoric. I learned that people used to get together in the purpose of argument. They looked for opportunities to argument, either to show their knowledge or expand on it.

RCL #5- Kairos

There are many definitions of Kairos in rhetoric, but mine in this instance is the opportunity someone has to make their statement or get their message across. Miley Cyrus was beginning to fade into the background of other up and coming stars younger than her. Her main audience was teenage girls, but now that her audience, and her, were growing up changes needed to be made. Miley’s reputation as an innocent, but talented teenage girl was not making the cut with her older audience anymore. Her fading audience is the exigence that caused her change in appearance. She knew with her growing age that her reputation had to change and her last two songs combined (including their music videos) got her message across. I can’t even begin to analyze her “We can’t stop” music video so I’m analyzing her somewhat less extreme “Wrecking Ball” music video. Even after Miley’s hair cut, change in apparel, and “We can’t stop” music video, people were skeptical as to what she was trying to achieve. Many people thought this was just a quick phase that would be old news. In response to the lack of response to her changes Miley needed another chance to get her message across, that she had changed. I believe that her “Wrecking Ball” music video put the nail in the coffin to her old, innocent reputation. After riding on a wrecking ball nude, there is no going back to innocence. Her entire performance in the video separated her farther and farther away from an innocent image. She knew exactly what she was doing when she decided to become a sexual, outrageous pop star. I don’t believe her goal was to cause problems, only to get back on top and noticed again. She saw her opportunity to get back on the radar and took it.

RCL #4- Rhetorical Analysis Speech Ideas

I have one main idea that I’m pretty set on to use in my rhetorical analysis essay and would really like feedback on the idea. I was thinking of analyzing Miley Cryus’s Wrecking Ball music video.

I think this would be a good topic because she is trying to send such a dramatic message and change the way you think of her. There is also a lot of things I could talk about within her audience change and factors that changed her target audience.

She use to be known as a girl that just wanted a regular life and someone a teenage girl could look up to. Now that she has grown up her target audience must change in order to stay on the top and not fade into the past. Celebrities make extreme changes in order to get back on top. I think celebrities are good examples of using rhetoric and arguments to get what they want. I also believe that there is a lot to talk about when it comes to their looks and identities. Some older examples I think of when I think of celebrities that had to change their looks are Brittany Spears and Lady Gaga.

It is so interesting to see what extent people will go to stay on top and keep their audience large, whether it changes or not. Celebrities aren’t too concerned with who their audience is as long as the audience numbers stay the same.

Also most artists use their work to communicate messages. In my paper I plan on analyzing Miley’s lyrics and compare them to her older lyrics to understand what message she is sending her audience.

Overall I hope to analyze the change in Miley Cyrus in all aspects of rhetoric; from her audience to the message she is sending her listeners.

RCL #3- Pros/Cons of Speeches

Overall the speeches that I have heard so far have been very well thought out and organized. Only a few have lacked in some major aspects of good public speaking.

First I want to go over the aspects of some speeches that could have been improved on. The main thing I noticed in a lot of speeches is that some people do a lot of moving around, I will probably be included as one of those speeches after this Thursday. Although motion is a good way to keep the audiences attention, it can become distracting if it is over done. Another thing I noticed was that some people have had really good ideas but couldn’t quite figure out how to phrase them. They either just abruptly ended the sentence or they kept repeating the same sentence, just varying a little. Those were the two main things that I saw that could be improved on a lot of people’s speeches, these are also aspects that I need to work on while I’m speaking so I mean no disrespect to others that have to improve on them as well.

Now I am going to go over the positives of the majority of the speeches. First everyone spoke at the appropriate volume. Not too loud and more importantly not to soft. Too my surprise there hasn’t been one person who has talked too quickly that I can’t hear them. Second the majority of the speeches reflected on the main topic and reason of the speech, not very many people headed off with no direction as to where they were going. This class is doing a very good job at staying on topic and giving good support with their reasoning. Lastly, basically every has done great on time, which I know is one of the biggest concerns while creating these speeches.

I think my classmates so far have set a high standard for the speeches and I hope I can live up to them with my speech on Thursday.

RCL #2- Ideologies

As stated in our Rhetoric and Civic Life book, “an ideology is a coherent set of beliefs that people use to understand events and the behavior of other people; they are also used to predict events and behaviors.”

I would describe an ideology as an in depth stereotype. Ideologies are how you categorize yourself and other people based on what you know or assume.

One ideology that circulates around me a lot is the ideology of a team. There are many expectations from others when you are part of a team. These expectations are aspects of the ideology of being on a team. Some of these aspects include being friends with or respecting your teammates, always putting the team first, working together to achieve something that you couldn’t do alone, and having each others backs when you need it.

These are all things that people think of when they think of a team. Ideologies, or aspects of the ideology, can change over time or in different circumstances though. For example, the idea of always being a friend and respecting your teammates may change if one of your teammates isn’t a friend to you. You might alter your ideology a little, from being friends and respectful to teammates to only being respectful to them if a teammate is not friendly back. Someone could also change their view on the entire ideology of a team through life. They could go form thinking a team as their family to believing that a team is only something required by the activity but their individual success is what is most important.

Ideologies to me are in depth stereotypes, which can be right or wrong, but it is how a person thinks and organizes aspects of their lives. Without ideologies people would have no expectations for certain things or predictions on how something may turn out. Ideologies guide us through life, altering as we go, without them we would be walking blind.


RCL #1- Definition of Civic

Civic is a word with many different meanings. In my opinion civic has two parts to it, getting involved for the sake of the community and getting involved for the sake of the individual. These two aspects may contradict each other sometimes, but other times they may line up perfectly.

First lets start with getting involved for the community as a whole. Being civic includes volunteering and showing patriotism. It means putting the country or community’s best interest before your own. Getting involved in the community either through volunteering or joining community organizations is a great way to lead a civic life. I believe that being civic by putting the community first is built into a person starting as a child. It is taught to them through their parents’ actions and through school. When parents or teachers teach children to be “good people” they are implanting the idea that it is important to participate and give back to the community and the people in it. Being civic also means listening to others and putting their thoughts into consideration, sometimes though it is important to listen to one’s own thoughts. Which brings me to the next part of being civic.

Getting involved in the community for one’s own interest. This way of being civic focuses more on one’s own needs. Speaking your needs and wants is important. This way of being civic allows a person to express different ways to improve their own life, and in turn probably improve the community as well. Fighting for what you believe and what is right, even though it may not be the popular belief, is also leading a civic life. Many people including, Martin Luther King Jr., are considered civic role-models even though their beliefs from the beginning were not the popular belief. While they were trying to improve their lives, they improved the community.

Both ways of being civic try to improve the community. Whether someone is trying to improve the community for the community itself or for themselves, as long as they are trying to improve the community they are being civic.