October 2015 archive

Steps 4-6 on Breeding Responsibly


Step Four-Choose a Suitable Mate

You first have to make sure your dog is AKC registered. When you are going through the process you want to make sure that you mate animals that compliment one another. You should choose a dog whose bloodlines will strengthen the female dogs’ weaknesses and bring out her good qualities. Two factors you must keep in mind as you make your selection are health and temperament. Temperament is hereditary in dogs although it can be influenced by external factors. You should never consider breeding dog if you have concerns about there temperament.


Step Five- Know your Genetics

A breeder must have a basic understanding of the science of genetics. The genes passed on by their parents will determine everything about your puppy. You also need to be aware of the genetic problems that affect your breed. Genetic defects can occur at any time in any breed and can affect any part of the body. Many diseases follow a dominant pattern meaning they only need one abnormal gene. If only one parent is affected, the disease will show up in each successive generation. Sometimes it can be difficult to detect because of how mild it is. If that is the case, the condition can mistakenly be thought to skip generations. Some diseases follow a recessive pattern, which only occurs in homozygous individuals; dogs with two abnormal genes. Dogs that have one bad gene and one normal gene are known as heterozygous. They seem normal but they can still pass their abnormal gene down to their offspring. You can also have chromosomal anomalies, which is a defect in the chromosome number and structure. Usually dogs have 39 pairs of chromosomes on which the genes are located so major abnormalities in this could cause major defects in the breed.


Step Six- Finalize stud contract

It is highly recommended to work out a contract between the breeder and the owner of the dog. The fees should be in writing and clearly state all obligations and circumstances. All parties involved should sign the papers and each party should each get a separate copy. The dog’s owner determines a stud fee, which causes the amount and the way of payment to differ. But you must keep in mind that the AKC can’t settle disagreements between parties in regards to the breeding arrangements.

“”Responsible Breeding and Dog Mating – American Kennel Club “” – American Kennel Club. American Kennel Club, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2015.

The First Few Steps Toward Breeding


Today I am going to be talking about the steps that should be taken in order to breed a dog responsibly. Yes I do believe breeding should stop all together but if it has to happen I would rather have people breed responsibly.


Step 1- Prepare Yourself for Breeding a Litter


Breeding purebred dogs is very time consuming, expensive and sometimes heartbreaking. The main purpose for breeding should be to improve the breed itself not just to increase its numbers. You need to have knowledge of breeding a litter before you begin. To become a responsible breeder you need to devote time to learning everything you can about a specific breed, about canine health and training and about AKC rules. Study your breed standard. The AKC offers videos and more detailed versions of their dog standards for more in-depth research. Attend dog events and watch and study the breeds you like and find local club meetings so you can meet other breeders. Lastly, go to your library or bookstore and read information on canine health and breeding.


Step 2- Breed to Improve


Responsible breeders take a step back and evaluate the pros and cons of their dog before they make the decision to breed. You need to examine your dog carefully and recognize its flaws. If you still decide to continue breeding, you should try to find a mate that will cancel out or balance those flaws.


Step 3- Understand the Commitment


            During the first couple of weeks the mother usually takes care of the puppies but sometimes complications can occur. A mother can have trouble producing milk or an orphaned litter can occur. The breeder needs to provide a safe, warm, dry place for the puppies. All of the extra feeding, cleanup, grooming, training, and veterinary care take away from a person’s free time. Having one dog is time consuming not to mention an entire litter. The breeder must also take into consideration the financial cost of having a litter of newborn puppies. It costs a lot of money for the genetic screening and health tests that must occur before breeding, and not to mention the extra food, supplies and medical care that are a necessity after the puppies are born. One also has to keep in mind that costs can become even higher than that if complications arise. A responsible breeder will make sure that these puppies go to an owner that will provide the same love and devotion as they did. This means they need to have a strict screening and evaluation of each family interested in getting a puppy. A responsible breeder should know all the pros and cons of that breed. It’s also important that they share all information including the negatives side with the future owner. Each breeder should be committed to finding the perfect fit for each dog and its family. A big dog that requires a lot of attention would not be suitable for a workaholic and a tiny dog would not be suitable for a family containing small, active children.

Stay tuned for the weeks to come for more steps!

“”Responsible Breeding and Dog Mating – American Kennel Club “” – American Kennel Club. American Kennel Club, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2015.


Breeding Gone Wrong



Dog breeding has a tendency to go bad. This is Sally; she is an 11-month-old white Golden Retriever puppy. She is very silly and playful. Apparently Sally had previously attacked her owner when trying to get a bone from her. Her owner soon became frightened and uncertain due to Sally’s aggression, and apparently this is not the first time that this has happened. It is not normal for a dog as young as Sally is to show that amount of aggression towards her owner. The owner called a dog trainer to see if she could help. The trainer recommended that Sally’s owner make an appointment with a vet that specializes in animal behavior at the University of Minnesota. In order to do that, the owner must complete a lot of paperwork for this appointment stating what behavior is concerning them and to describe in detail what situations have occurred to make them feel uncertain. During these appointments, the whole family and their other pets are required to go as well. Their appointment took up to four hours, it is a extensive process. The advice she received was that Sally should be euthanized. They don’t usually recommend this but the fact that Sally was showing such aggression at such a young age and that it was unpredictable concerned the veterinarian. You wouldn’t know what triggered the aggression and you wouldn’t be able to tell when exactly it would occur. You cannot have a dog with major aggression issues especially with two young children in the house. The aggression was not a result of how Sally’s owners raised her; they were actually really great pet parents. Sally’s aggression and her behavior was a result in her genetics. Her behavior couldn’t be fixed through behavior modification. She was too dangerous to be around and it would be very likely that she would get more aggressive and seriously hurt someone in the future. They tried talking to the breeder about Sally’s situation but they had no luck. The breeder refused to take Sally back and continued to blame Sally’s owners for her aggression. They tried to find someone that would take Sally but they had no other options left. So they took her to the dog park for one last time. They were heart broken while watching her run around, enjoying herself. She had no idea that this was going to be one of her last moments on this earth. It is way too soon for a family to have to say goodbye. This is exactly why breeding needs to stop. This innocent animal has to be euthanized because of behavioral problems that are beyond its control. We have to keep in mind that breeding is a business. They care about the money not necessarily the animal they are breeding.