Bibliography 2: Expanding Public Transportation in America

Topic: How much more fuel-efficient is public transportation than cars? Also, what lessons can America take from Europe?

Audience: Both people who drive a car regularly and governments who may be considering expanding public transportation.

Hurdle, Jon. “Use of Public Transit in U.S. Reaches Highest Level Since 1956, Advocates Report.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 09 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <>.

This article details the rising usage of public transportation in the United States. I plan to use the transportation figures provided as a part of my calculations for how much energy is required by current levels of public transportation. The New York Times is obviously a credible source.

Litman, Todd. “Evaluating Carbon Taxes as an Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Strategy.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2139 (2009): 125-32. Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2015. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <>.

This article details energy consumption by different modes of transportation. I plan to use this to help show that public transportation is much more energy efficient. The source seems to be a credible organization concerned with energy issues.

“What Is Match & Ride?” PACommutes. Pennsylvania Department of Institute, 2016. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <>.

This article, from the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, outlines different reasons why public transportation is beneficial. I plan to use its recommendations and cost saving statistics as a part of my calculations.

Ideas: I hope to find additional sources comparing public and private transportation statistics in Europe as compared to the United States. I then hope to use the calculations to try to advocate for a plan to expand public transportation in the United States.

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