October 25

Ted Talk Script

Topic: Transgender athletes

Intro –

equality of sports men vs. women, how do transgender people fit in? What challenges do they face when competing?

Body –

  1. history and definition – what does it mean to be transgender and how big is the population of people/athletes
  2. importance – history of men/women sports equality vs. transgender
  3. applications of inequality – high school, college, professional, Olympics
  4. issues faced – transgender women advantage over regular women? public opinion

Conclusion –

issue of men vs. women in sports has been an ongoing well-known battle, but transgender people face this battle silently. Many cannot be identified as transgender by their appearance so even though they are clearly male/female, regulations may require them to compete with the gender they were born as. Transgender issues are very political, and discussed in great depth involving military, marriage, and basic human rights. Sports equality is an aspect of basic human rights that is often not acknowledged and not well understood.



October 16

RCL #8 – Paradigm Shift Essay Draft

Women’s clothing sizes are an aspect of culture that is often unacknowledged and its changes though time often go unnoticed. The truth behind this common practice can be found through its history, sizing methods, and mental effects it can have on women. Shopping for clothes can be a mentally and physically exhausting process. People can fall in love with one item that they believe is their size, only to leave with utter disappointment when it doesn’t fit. Feelings of self-doubt begin to stem from their height, weight, and overall body shape. Surprisingly, these internal signs of defeat are not always created by the person’s weight or size fluctuation. They may in fact be the product of a long history of inaccurate and inconsistent sizing scales for women that has shifted greatly through time.

Women’s clothing sizes were originally created with nonscientific and racist practices in the late 1950’s as a result of the changing culture. During this depression era, women were generally smaller in stature and weight due to malnourishment and various sources of stress. Due to some extreme measures during this time, a typical woman of this era would not be representative of the size of a woman in the 1980s. With this being said, the women’s clothing size scale was the same for both decades. Created in 1958, the National Bureau of Standards’ “Body Measurements for the Sizing of Women’s Patterns and Apparel” was used widely across women’s department stores and clothing manufacturers until 1983. To create the standard, 15,000 women were surveyed and measured to define the “Average American Woman”. While this may seem like a fair judgement, with this survey taking place in this era, most women measured were underweight and the entire survey population would have been white, given the present state of segregation. This categorized measurements on a scale from eight to 42 as the first modern women’s clothing sizes.

Although this primary scale was finally ditched in 1983, clothing sizes remained utterly confusing for decades longer. To compare our present day widely used sizing scale, today’s size eight would register as less than a size double-zero in 1958. To further analyze the inaccuracies and inconsistencies in women’s clothing sizes, the methods in which sizes are created must be investigated. In recent surveys, many people point the blame of changing clothing sizes to the physical size change of women, specifically in weight, through the past decades. While there is some merit behind this claim, it is not supported by substantial evidence as the largest factor involved with size changes. Due to the current sizing standard being a voluntary code, many manufacturers are non-compliant to follow the universal sizes.

October 9

RCL #7 – A Picture is Worth 1,000 Words

Throughout Addario’s novel, she includes several of her awe inspiring photographs from years of her career as a photojournalist. The two images that strike me the most are very different, yet I think that they both summarize Addario’s career and personal struggles immensely well. The first picture is found on the 11th page of pictures in the third section. It is a picture of a mother sitting with her two children in the cover of their home. At first glance, this image means relatively nothing to the reader, and may not mean anything to people in our class who have yet do actually read this book. Yet, it portrays one of the most powerful stories of women oppression in Africa and was the most influential part of the book for me.

The two children with the 20 year old mother, Kahindo, were born of rape.

She was kidnapped in 2008 and held for three years while being raped repeatedly. Addario includes several stories of rape victims from the Congo, and each is more vile than the next.

The second image that I found to be especially important was found on the 22nd page of the third section of images. While this photo is not from her many war photographs, I believe it is one of the mot important images to understanding Addario’s life. It depicts her and new husband, Paul, on their wedding day. They both have such genuine smiles, and for the first time in Addario’s life, she has something figured out. Through the chaos and turmoil, she found Paul and couldn’t be happier than on her wedding day.

Photographs play an essential role in making your audience feel what you are trying to say. They capture not only life events but also emotion and passion. I can incorporate several images to convey new levels to my blog posts and make the audience truly see and understand my perspective.

October 4

RCL #6 – Conflicted

Addario’s life is filled with conflicts including actual war conflict and personal and emotional conflict. In part III of It’s What I Do, she talks about her conflict with making a profit from others’ misfortune and oppression. In this section, Addario talks about shooting refugee camps in new ways that would attract the eyes of new readers. As a photojournalist, her job is not only to capture events happening around the world, but to capture them in a way that can hold the attention of an audience. These images from a place of such conflict created paradoxical beautiful scenes and colors and were requested as fine-art prints for thousands of dollars each. Addario found herself in a moral conflict when she was making money off of these people’s conflict and terror.

Was it right to elicit a profit from conflict of others?

This conflict can be made relatable to the audience because Addario conveys her inner struggles and moral dilemma of the situation in a way that makes her readers understand that none of her decisions were easy but these images were ultimately worth producing because they helped to spread awareness of the refugee crisis by compelling readers to take a closer look and ask questions.

To convey beauty in war is a very powerful statement for Addario to make and this is one of the many reasons for her success as a photojournalist. It is important to understand the dilemmas she faced daily. I can relate to her inner conflict especially when thinking about my passion blog. Sometimes, I am conflicted when addressing my dietary needs to others and advocating to get gluten free food provided. Although I know that by advocating it will not only help me but other gluten free people down the road, I still hesitate because of the trouble it might cause me.

Part III of Addario’s story contains numerous external and internal conflicts, but she perfectly names the section “A Kind of Balance” to show how important balancing conflict and the eventual outcomes can be.

October 1

Persuasive Words of Nutrition

Walking through the grocery store, I notice that all the foods stocked neatly on the shelves contain the same few words that are highlighted. Words like “organic”, “all natural”, “multigrain”, and “sugar free” instantly make the foods seem more appealing as I throw them into my shopping cart. Why do these nutrition claims sway my opinion of the food? How can a simple word instantly decide whether or not I will spend more money on my grocery bill for the hope of being more healthy or sustainable?

As a society, people are always looking for quick-fixes that will improve their overall health and well-being. These “buzz words” seen frequently on products in the grocery store can often convince the consumer that the food will be a healthier option.

I, like every other person, love a quick fix to my issues. But I can assure you, eating an “all -natural” cookie will not save you.

So, here’s the issue with these health claims. Most of these claims are not supported by the FDA by any measurable requirements. This allows marketing production teams to literally take full control of what the consumer will think about the product. If the first thing you see on a box of gummy snacks is “made with real fruit”, then you may be less inclined to check the nutrition label for the shocking amount of sugar that accompanies this so called “real fruit”.

The number of these persuasive nutrition claims is expanding daily, but there are a few that are extremely common on products across the globe. These include ploys for sugar free products, organic, all natural, vegan, multigrain, free range, fat free, and light/low calorie products.

There are also several claims that are accurate and beneficial to economic and individual health such as Fair Trade in foods like coffee and chocolate. People are more inclined to buy foods with the official Fair-Trade seal because they know it will actually make a difference in global production of the ingredients.

It is important as a consumer to understand these persuasive methods used by food production companies in all parts of the world. If you can educate yourself on the truths behind these nutrition claims, you will be able to become an effective consumer and avoid spending too much money on false claims.