The 1960’s sparked an evolution of a culture movement that is still influential in today’s era. People of the Counter Culture movement had a mission to be more inclusive in fighting for underrepresented groups of people. The movement spanned from the 1960’s to the 1970’s and is still reminiscent currently. Many individuals think of the 1960’s and 1970’s as being all about drugs, peace and love, however those iconic values were strategically used to bring awareness to civil rights, women’s rights and gay rights. The Counter Culture Movement essentially created culture within the American people based on values, beliefs and integrity that is still strengthening American culture today.
The Civil rights Movement took place from the mid 1950’s to the 1960’s with the goal of spreading the wealth of equality to people of color. “The Civil War had officially abolished slavery, but it didn’t end discrimination against blacks—they continued to endure the devastating effects of racism, especially in the South. By the mid-20th century, African Americans had had more than enough of prejudice and violence against them. They, along with many whites, mobilized and began an unprecedented fight for equality that spanned two decades” (History, 2018). There were many different influential leaders during this era including: Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks and Malcolm X. These brave people of color succeeded in bring awareness and influenced shaping a culture that frowns upon discrimination and segregation.
Feminism: Rise of the Ladies
Although feminism can be a hot topic the Counter Culture Movement started shaping women’s rights. women’s voices historically have been silenced. Feminism has created a great deal of attention making the world aware of their struggles, needs and wants. Feminism played a big roll in the Counter Culture Movement. feminists are often depicted as radical, outraged and man-hating, although there are different levels of feminist the objective is the same to be heard and recognized.
In 1960 birth control was introduced in pill form and approval by the FDA. ” In 1960, the pill was approved for contraceptive use, and by 1962, millions of women in the United states were engaging in family planning” (Prass & L’emmie, 2015). Contraceptives are still a hot topic in American culture. Birth control is not only important for controlling birth but it can also help alleviate complications women experience on their monthly cycles.
Image 2: This image represents the idea that contraceptives should be used when needed and that there is a benefit in planning for pregnancy.
Another influential year for women was 1961. On November 1, 1961 the Women’s Strike for Peace was established. “The group was made of women from all different political backgrounds. “They came from liberal to left political backgrounds, having been pacifists, Quakers, New Deal Democrats, socialists, anarchists, Communist sympathisers, or Communist party members in the years before and during Wold War II” (Swerdlow 1993). They would often use the slogan “End the Arm Race- Not the Human Race” (Jewish Women’s Archive 2015). A culture can be made from people from different backgrounds and from different races. Women came together collectively to be activists to help stop violent war culture.
Video 1: This video touches on both the Civil Rights Movement and the Feminist Movement.
In PSY 533 unit 5 Hofstede (2001) states, “Culture is the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another” (p. 9). To say that in other words, culture is the shared values of a group of people that make that group different from another group (PSY 533, 2018). Although the counter culture movement was large and had a wide range of rights people were fighting for the movement created a culture. On the opposing side the groups that clashed with these individuals created their own culture movement. In current times the Counter Culture Movement is starting to repeat itself. Current movements that are shaping our generation are: Me Too Movement, Black Lives Matter Movement and Transgender Rights Movement. The culture of the Counter Culture Movement created a dialogue to stand up for what fair, equal and humane. Collectivism of these groups create culture which can be taught and utilized for decades to come.
Civil Rights Movement
History.com Staff – https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement
Jewish Women’s Archive. Protest Movements. Retrieved April 15, 2018, from https://protestmovement-sac.weebly.com/women-strike-for-peace.html
Prass, M., & L’emmie, M. (2015, February 27). The Sexual Revolution of the 1960s. Retrieved April 15, 2018, from http://english101sexualrevolution.blogspot.com/2015/02/miscellaneous-birth-control-ad.html
PSY 533. (n.d.). L13. [Online Lecture Notes]. Retrieved from https://psu.instructure.com/courses/1896721/pages/l13-victor-and-cullens-1987-definition?module_item_id=23792072