Freedom of Speech

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An article posted by The Daily Collegian in August detailed Penn State President Barron’s move to block white supremacist Richard Spencer from speaking at Penn State. While this move did not spark controversy because people actually wanted to listen to Spencer speak, people did begin to question whether or not it was up to Barron to decide who can speak on campus. The issue of freedom of speech seemingly proves that Barron cannot ban Spencer from speaking, but his decision stood and the white supremacist did not step onto Penn State’s campus.

The second article I looked at was also from the Collegian, posted in October of 2017. As a follow-up to the previous article, this one delved into the lawsuit against Penn State for denying Richard Spencer the right to speak on our campus. Penn State was sued by a seemingly random student at Georgia State University, but still to this day, no progress has been made in this student’s favor. Both of these articles play into our deliberation focus on freedom of speech and what should and should not be allowed on college campuses.

These articles connect to tell the entire story of Penn State’s actions in regards to free speech and how those actions were received by the public. Although one person did not like Barron’s move, most other people did not seem to mind Barron’s discerning of who should speak on campus at Penn State.

In our deliberation, we plan to use articles like these to localize the debate of whether or not free speech should flow unfiltered on college campuses. In pulling from articles covering Barron’s actions in the case of Richard Spencer, we can make this discussion more focused on Penn State and how we should go about allowing or diminishing free speech on our campus.

Preparing for Deliberation

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My group’s deliberation “WE ARE… Free to Speak: Or Are We?” focuses on freedom of speech and its limitations on college campuses. Our first approach focuses on the negatives of free speech, which would include heckling in front of the HUB and safe spaces. Our second approach covers the positives of free speech like diversity and inclusion and our third approach covers PSU policies like the Willard Preacher, policies from Eric Barron and other colleges’ policies.

 

 

My role is on the outreach team, which for me pertains to creating and sending out invitations to organizations and keeping track of which organizations answer.

On top of these personal tasks, my mini-team will work together on the post-deliberation questionnaire, formatting post-deliberation reports and sending them to policy makers.

Currently, I’m creating and sending visually engaging and personalized emails to the list of organizations I put together earlier that I think would enjoy our deliberation. I will send these emails two weeks in advance of the deliberation and then send a second email one week in advance to anyone who didn’t respond to the first email.

This I Believe

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The importance of making your bed in the morning

I believe that the two-minute task of making your bed in the morning is enough to transform your entire day and possibly your life.

Background

I believe that making your bed is a habit that can be passed down through generations. More specifically, I think that I inherited this belief from my mother.

My mom has always been a very put-together woman who never leaves the house without her bed made, her hair blow-dried and her clothes ironed.

If I left to go to school without making my bed she wouldn’t let me do anything after school. I would first have to come home and make my bed with my bed skirt tucked in and my throw pillows in the right order.

While this may seem a little extreme and I did disagree with the notion in my younger years, I definitely understand her logic looking back.

Interestingly enough, my grandmother is also a firm advocate for bed-making and although I never met her, everyone has told me that my great-grandmother was the exact same way.

Accomplishments

Making your bed is a small accomplishment. Organizing the disheveled sheets and out-of-place pillows into a clean and put-together bed starts your day off with a success.

Completing this task will give you a small sense of pride and motivate you to complete another task, and another, and another. And, by the end of the day, making your bed will have turned into a list of accomplishments.

If making your bed isn’t enough to inspire achievements and you have a bad day, then at the very least you’ll still come home to a nicely made bed.

Productivity

A messy bed also symbolizes a messy mind. When your thoughts are in an array like the crumpled sheets and discarded pillows from your unmade bed, how could you possibly get work done?

A clean, put-together bed promotes productivity. If you leave your bedding in a messy heap then you tend to muddle through the day until it’s time to fall back into bed again.

I cannot count the number of times in my life that I have left without making my bed and come back to my room later with a long list of things to do that I simply couldn’t get through.

Perhaps it’s the allure of how quickly I could just crawl back into my unmade bed. Or maybe it’s the guilt of avoiding such an easy task, but once this happens I need to either make my bed or leave the room in order to actually get work done.

If you don’t believe me, feel free to ask my roommate who has frequently watched me leave our dorm room to do schoolwork if my bed was left unmade that morning.

Good habits

 Making your bed every morning is correlated with a greater sense of well-being, too. Somehow that initial shift starts a chain reaction that helps other good habits take hold.

Making your bed every morning without fail is a habit and if you can stick to that simple habit, then you should be able to stick to other habits like eating healthy, going to the gym or drinking enough water.

This may seem like a bit of a stretch, but scientific studies have proven this correlation.

Making your bed gives you a small sense of pride, increases productivity, inspires other good habits and proves that the little things in life matter.

So perhaps you still think that making your bed isn’t worth the time it takes in the morning, but I can assure you that those two minutes can change your life. Not to mention how great it feels to get into a perfectly made bed at the end of a long day.

Ted Talk Script Draft

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Social Media is Ruining Your Relationships

Topic: how social media is ruining relationships

Purpose: to enlighten a room full of avid social media users of the effects of their habits

Thesis Statement: Social media is ruining relationships

Introduction

Attention Strategy/Orienting Material:

  • Personal anecdote – laundry story
    • Couldn’t check any social media for days

Body I: Social media enables lies and deceit.

  1. Family friends anecdote
    • Lying to everyone
    • Social media isn’t real life
    • Happily married couple online, actually separated and preparing for a divorce in real life
  2. Facebook embellishing
    • 75% of people admit to making their lives seem more exciting on social media
    • 50% of people post images to make their friends and family jealous
    • 75% of people judge their peers based on their Facebook profiles
  3. People are fake online
    • Filters
    • Editing apps
    • “Best friends” who post together on Instagram all the time, but trash talk each other all the time in real life

Body II: Social media serves as a distraction from the people that matter to us the most.

  1. Strains on relationships
    • Statistics on the effects of social media
    • Talking online instead of in real life (snapchat = maintaining streaks, not maintaining a relationship)
  2. Makes people seem less real
    • People are known by their online personas
    • Judged by what you post online
    • Not by your actions in real life
  3. When hanging out in person, we ignore our friends
    • In some cases social media can be a talking point
      • “Did you see this person’s post from last night?”
      • But it really only leads to gossip
    • Much more often, social media distracts us and we mindlessly scroll or click instead of engaging with friends or family

Body III: We can’t “live in the moment” anymore

  1. We often “live in the future”
    • Planning out Instagram posts or wearing an outfit or going on a trip somewhere just to be able to post it on social media later
    • So much so that you miss the present moment
    • We’re all going through life on fast forward, mentally ending up too far in advance of the present moment
    • Or…
  2. We end up “living in the past”
    • We waste time looking through our old tweets or Facebook posts
    • We stalk our exes online to remember the way things used to be
    • We throw away the present to go back to the past for a little while and that is a pointless way to pass the time

Conclusion: So post, tweet and like with caution because Instagram and Twitter may very well be killing any chance you have of genuine human connection anymore.

Paradigm Shift Essay Draft

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Paradigm shift: Morals and Values

Thesis: By analyzing the generations that have come before us and what we, as a generation, hold highly today, it becomes evident that our morals and values now are a lot different than those of our grandparents.  This shift in values has caused our behaviors to change in ways that reflect these changing morals.

 

You can see the shift in morals in many different aspects:

  1. Relationships
    1. Grandparents – got into courtships in the hopess that they would lead to marriage.
    2. Us – date for fun most of the time
  1. Shift towards technology
    1. Grandparents – Do not highly value or utilize technology
    2. Us – use technology in our daily lives
  1. Shift away from religion
    1. Grandparents – often very religious, all my grandparents all go to church every Sunday
    2. Us – less likely to be religious, I do not go to church very often

It’s What I Do – Prompt V

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I’m a journalism major so this is rarely the case for me, but in Addario’s memoir, It’s What I Do, the pictures truly were the best part.  Each image carries an array of emotions in a way that very few photographers are able to capture.  For me, one photograph that really stood out was the image of two soldiers supporting their wounded comrade during Operation Rock Avalanche in the Korengal Valley in October of 2007.  The wounded soldier is covered in blood from his waist down and has his arm in a sling and, judging by his state in the image, he must rely on his companions in order to move at all.  What really stuck out to me in this image was the theme of companionship and loyalty.  This image also did a stellar job of encapsulating the horrors of the war zone.

The second image that caught my eye was one of Iraqis watching a 3-D movie in Baghdad in 2010.  It felt so strange to see this mundane activity, going to a movie theater to see the latest films, being done during such a tumultuous and tragic time.  These people were right in the midst of all of the violence and should be fearing for their lives, but instead they decided to take a night out to go to the movies.  This image really bridges the gap between Americans and Iraqis and makes it easier to empathize with them and their situation because, after all, they’re just like us.

Although I already incorporate some images in my blog, I want to start introducing more pictures in my posts in order to take full advantage of the platform.  I also think it would be really cool to find a way to introduce a video into one of my blog posts so that is something I will definitely be keeping in mind for the future.

It’s What I Do – Prompt 4

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One passage in Part III that showcases Addario’s feelings of conflict is when she begins to discuss her feelings of guilt that came with doing her job.  The part when she says “I was so conflicted about making money from images of people who were so desperate, but I thought of all the years I had struggled to make ends meet to be a photographer, and I knew that any money I made would be invested right back into my work” (146) proves that she often felt conflicted.  She continues to touch on this feeling of conflict in order to broaden the idea and make it relatable for her audience, which really utilizes pathos to call upon the readers’ emotions.

 

Even if you aren’t a conflict photographer, you’ll still have conflicts.  This became heavily apparent to me when I began the college process.  Some schools’ campuses caught my attention, while other schools had communications programs that were nationally ranked and some schools just felt right when I visited them.  I, being someone who generally likes everything and rarely sees any problems, had a very hard time trying to pick a college.

 

Whereas many of my friends grew very picky when they visited schools, I had exactly the opposite problem.  I liked almost every school I went to.  Because of this habit, I had to learn to be more critical when I was visiting colleges.  This caused a huge conflict for me because I would force myself to analyze the school in my head so much that I could hardly even take in the campus around me while I was taking the tour.  Luckily for me, I was able to resolve my conflict before the May 1st deadline and chose to attend Penn State.

 

In my passion blog, I cover the conflict of choosing to try new things rather than staying inside my comfort zone.  This conflict resonates strongly with me and has become the premise of my entire blog.  In the same way that Addario battles her conflicted feelings of guilt versus her duty to capture photographs, I battle the boundaries of my comfort zone with each new experience I document for my blog.

RCL Essay Draft

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Shannon Harney

Mrs. Hamilton

ENGL137 SEC 008 RCL I

October 4, 2017

Analysis of the Rosie the Riveter “We Can Do It!” Poster and the Penn State “We Are” Cheer

This is still a work in progress and I know that I need to get rid of talking about my first artifact and replace those sections with my new artifact – so sorry for whoever has to read this I’m fixing it later today

Almost every student at Penn State is here in part because of the football, myself included.  Every Penn Stater can appreciate a long Saquon Barkley run.  Our hearts skip a beat when McSorley makes one of his signature perfect passes and many of us believe more in Coach Franklin than in any religious figure.

like how the Rosie the Riveter “We Can Do It!” poster was an important symbol of the World War II Era and its effect on America, Penn State’s “We Are” chant is an icon of the school and all that it aims to represent.  It was so widely circulated that nearly everyone on Penn State’s campus that it became a calling card for the school and ultimately became something the nittany lions were known for.  Similar to how the Rosie the Riveter poster is much more than just a piece of American history, but also a present-day feminist symbol, the “We Are” chant is a vital piece of Penn State.  Rosie the Riveter’s depiction of a strong female factory worker was mass circulated to lift the spirits of the American Homefront during WWII and is still shown today as an emblem of feminism and all that it entails, equality for all.  Similarly, the creation and present-day relevance of the “We Are” chant at Penn State reflects the same strength and determination.

By examining its bright, uplifting colors and Rosie’s patriotic attire, the civic element of the poster becomes evident – it’s trying to recruit people to fulfil their civic duty.  Originally, it was used to convince Americans to help out during wartime after millions of American men left to fight in WWII because they needed more workers to fill the factory jobs and keep the troops supplied.  The Rosie the Riveter poster was extremely effective in convincing women to help out on the Homefront and fulfil their civic duty.  According to U-S-History.com, “more than six million female workers helped to build planes, bombs, tanks and other weapons that would eventually win World War II”.  Today, this poster is still civic as well.  It also represents peoples’ duty to treat all people with respect and actively promote equality between men and women.  In the very same way, the “we are” chant expresses our duty to represent Penn State.  “We are” means that we must be Penn State in all that we do in our lives.

Most importantly, this poster carries the commonplace of feminismThe image gave women a role model that they were not used to seeing.  Rosie is dressed in blue collar clothes to contradict the idea that women cannot be a part of the workforce.  Rosie’s strong and fierce appearance combined with the slogan that “WE can do it” created an inclusivity that women were not accustomed to when this poster first circulated.  Today that phrase sticks with women in the same way, suggesting that women can accomplish almost anything if they work together.  The “we are” chant also hits hard on prejudice, but in a slightly different way.  It represents our school’s unwillingness to accept racism.

Another commonplace associated with this poster is the idea that the American people should never give upDuring the toughest battles of WWII, the American Homefront could look to this poster and its message that “We can do it!” and feel motivated.  Raised American spirits enough to help win the war over seas.  Present day, people use this poster as a reminder to keep working towards equality through their actions both online and in their day to day lives.  The “we are” chant also promotes determination.  It is yelled at football games to excite the crowd and support the team

A third commonplace seen in this poster is the importance of strength.  Rosie’s flexed muscles and fierce expression represent the strength of the American peopleIn WWII they had to be strong in order to make it through the war.  Present day, women must be strong in going after what they want: equality amongst genders.  We are is the embodiment of the strength of Penn State.  Yes, this pertains heavily to football, but it also goes far beyond that.

The Rosie the Riveter poster has morphed from a solely historic propaganda poster from the WWII era into a calling card for the feminist movement.  In order to stay relevant with the times, as Kairos would suggest, the poster took on a slightly nuanced meaning by focusing even more on feminism while still holding onto the same commonplaces of power and perseverance.  Rosie the Riveter’s message that “we can do it” will forever stand the test of time because it represents a sort of strength and determination that will always be relevant in society.

*Insert we are conclusion

RCL Speech Draft I

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Rosie the Riveter “We Can Do It!” Poster

Intro

  • I’m willing to bet that nearly everyone in the room has seen this poster of Rosie the Riveter before, but have you ever thought about it as more than just historic propaganda?
  • The Rosie the Riveter poster is much more than just a piece of American history, it’s also a present-day feminist icon.
  • This poster of a strong female factory worker was mass circulated to lift the spirits of the American Homefront during WWII and is still shown on T-shirts, posters and all over the internet as a symbol of feminism and all that it entails, equality for all.
  • This poster has stood the test of time and transitioned from a WWII Homefront recruitment poster into a feminist icon.

Civic Elements

  • It’s a civic image by nature because it’s trying to recruit people to fulfil their civic duty.
    • Bright uplifting colors
    • Dressed in red white and blue to show patriotism
  • Originally, it was used to convince Americans to help out during wartime after millions of American men left to fight in WWII because they needed more workers to fill the factory jobs and keep the troops supplied.
    • The Rosie the Riveter poster was extremely effective in convincing women to help out on the Homefront and fulfil their civic duty. According to U-S-History.com, “more than six million female workers helped to build planes, bombs, tanks and other weapons that would eventually win World War II.  They stepped up to the plate without hesitation and gave up their domestic jobs to accomplish things that only men had done before them.  They became streetcar drivers, operated heavy construction machinery, worked in lumber and steel mills, unloaded freight and much more. Proving that they could do the jobs known as “men’s work” created an entirely new image of women in American society, and set the stage for upcoming generations”.
  • Today, this poster is still civic as well.
    • Represents peoples’ duty to treat all people the same and actively promote equality between men and women

Commonplaces

  • Most importantly, this poster carries the commonplace of feminism
    • The image gives them a role model that they’re not used to seeing. Rosie is dressed in blue collar clothes to contradict the idea that women cannot be a part of the workforce.
    • Rosie’s strong and fierce appearance combined with the slogan that “WE can do it” created an inclusivity that women were not accustomed to when this poster first circulated.
    • Today that phrase sticks with women in the same way, suggesting that women can accomplish almost anything if they work together.
  • Another commonplace associated with this poster is the idea that the American people should never give up
    • During the toughest battles of WWII, the American Homefront could look to this poster and its message that “We can do it!” and feel motivated.
    • Raised American spirits enough to help win the war over seas.
    • Present day, people keep working towards equality through their actions both online and in their day to day lives
  • A third commonplace seen in this poster is the importance of strength
    • Rosie’s flexed muscles and fierce expression represent the strength that the American people need to have
    • In WWII they had to be strong in order to make it through the war.
    • Present day, women must be strong in going after what they want: equality amongst genders.

Conclusion

  • The Rosie the Riveter poster has morphed from a solely historic propaganda poster from the WWII era into a calling card for the feminist movement.
  • In order to stay relevant with the times (KAIROS) the poster took on a slightly nuanced meaning while still holding onto the same commonplaces just in new ways.
  • Rosie the Riveter’s message that “we can do it” will forever stand the test of time because it represents a sort of strength and determination that will always be relevant to women in society.

Sources

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1656.html

https://www.vanityfair.com/culture/2015/05/why-you-keep-reading-obituaries-rosie-riveter

It’s What I Do – Prompt III

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Addario’s strongest writing tool is her use of suspense and cliffhangers.  I would love to integrate her use of suspense into my own writing.  Her situation as a conflict photographer puts her into the perfect position to use such a versatile writing tool.  In the last lines of part two of her memoir, Addario explains to her audience, “every time I photographed a story like the injured soldiers coming out of Fallujah, I ended up in tears and emotionally fragile.  Every time I returned home, I felt more strongly about the need to continue going back,” (Addario 134).  By divulging this information to us as the last lines of this chapter, Addario encourages us to keep reading in order to find out what happens each time she goes back and also hones her raw emotions to express how difficult these times were.  This effectively evokes pathos in her readership.

When I write my passion blog about my love for travelling and trying new things, I plan to try to incorporate the same kind of suspense that Addario mastered in her memoir.  Being completely honest, I’m not sure how I would go about doing that yet given the topic of my content versus the topic of her content, but I think it is definitely something to consider further.  Perhaps I’ll plan out my blog posts in advance and allude to what the next week’s post will be about at the very end of each story.  Something that I picked up from Addario that I definitely plan on using in my blog, however, is pathos.  Adding emotion to any piece of writing instantly makes it more interesting, more personal and more stimulating for readers.  All throughout her memoir, I appreciated the emotion that she put into important scenes and I plan to do the same with each of my blog posts.