A lot of people say that drinking water is healthy and that made me asked myself if like everything else the excess of water could be harmful. It turns out that its possible, water in excess could be harmful, it could lead you to some degree of hyponatremia, or dilution of the blood caused by drinking to much water. Severe cases of hyponatremia could lead you to water intoxication, “an illness whose symptoms include headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, frequent urination, and mental disorientation. People have actually died because of water intoxication.
Based on some observational studies, people have died because of water intoxication. A case in 2005, in a fraternity hazing, a 21-year-man died because he was asked to drink an excessive amount of water between rounds of push-ups in a cold basement. There could be many factors that could’ve caused his death, so we also have to take a look at the third variables we have like, he was drinking the water between rounds of push-ups and also that it was a cold basement and we don’t exactly know how cold the basement was. Other possible variables that researchers should have in mind is the possible health issues that the person may have had. Also, there have been other observational studies, in the New England Journal of Medicine found that close to 1/6 of runner develops hyponatremia, that is because this people are expose to drinking to much water. We have to have in mind that runners need to be hydrated and that their bodies need much more water than the body of a normal person. Researchers could search for a way that runners could stay hydrated and at the same time not getting hynonatremia.
I think there’s not other possible study that they could do to test this, because they cannot try giving water to a person to see if it dies, that would be unethical. So, the only way to study this is by observational studies, to see how different people react to the amount of water they intake. What they could do is maybe see how much water the body needs for different types of activities, that way people would know how much water they can drink without getting dehydrated or intoxicated by water.
Like with everything else we have to be careful on the amount of water we take. Water is one of the most, if not the most, healthy drink in the world, but it has to be in moderation. If you drink too much you can get the hyponatremia, if you don’t drink enough it can lead you to dehydratation .