Everyone knows the rule, eight 8-ounce cups of water keeps the doctor away…or something like that. Anyway, water is important. To maintain a healthy diet, and to just be a healthy individual, you must drink water. But how much is too much? Is there even a too much?
Yes, this is a thing. You can drink too much water. This is known as water intoxication and yes, it can be deadly. To kill a 165 pound person, it takes 6 liters of water. Drinking too much water can cause salt to enter the blood, causing hyponatremia. This can lead to the official water intoxication, when a person begins feeling muscle weakness, nausea, headaches and mental disorientation. All of this water makes it hard for the kidneys to flush it. So the water adds up and makes the cells swollen. The problem occurs when the cells in the brain swell.
This is especially prevalent in athletes. Athletes are always training and trying to have healthy diets. While doing this, they may end up drinking too much water, resulting in exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH). EAH is when one’s kidneys cannot process the amount of water that is given to them. Swelling, and leading to death. This can happen to a lot of athletes and is something they should be aware of. Symptoms of EAH could be nausea, puffiness, confusion, agitation, weight gain, seizures, delirium, or even comas. Athletes are supposed to drink 1.5 to 2.5 more cups of water than regular people.
One case of water intoxication was a 64 year old woman who had mitral valve disease. One night, she drank between 30 and 40 cups of water. She died that night. She literally overdosed on water; it can happen. Another case was a 35 year old man was found dead on his bathroom floor after drinking an immense amount of water. His brain was swollen from the water.
Overhydration is another type, which can be seen as increased water intake or when the body retains too much water. There are ways to stop this!!! Know when your body has had enough. Know the right amount of water to drink. Do your research, and you will be fine and drinking a healthy amount of water.