Have you even had to think about it? Do you think the certain style has affected you in any sort of way? Well there’s a chance it has. Different parenting styles whether its strict or easy have been shown to effect kids behavior and especially there performance in school. I wanted to see if there were differences between parenting styles and compare them against the performance of their kids.
In one research done they surveyed 148 high schools across demographics and races. The grade level of the students also varied from 10th-12th graders. They tested the students with a questionnaire to measure the students’ perception of their parents parenting style and The Intrinsic and Extrinsic Orientation scale was used to measure the students’ motivation. The conclusions were that different parenting styles correlate but are not a causation of the academic achievement of a student. Just as we learned in class on correlation, the researchers found that the parenting styles that were motivating and positive resulted in their kids have higher academic success. These kids also set higher goals for themselves and had more self-confidence.
So, here is a little psych100 background for everyone. There are three categories of parenting styles that psychologists have put parents under. Authoritarian, where parents impose rules and expect strict obedience. It stems from the “because I said so” line. Authoritative parenting is where the parents are demanding but also responsive and rewarding to there kids. They compromise and listen. Permissive parenting submits to the child’s demands. So how does this relate to academic performance/success? In this research done they tested kids from with parents from each of these categories. They found that authoritarian and permissive parenting styles negatively affected kids grades and were associated with those bad grades. Families with the authoritative parenting style have the average of the highest grades while the other families with the other parenting styles had the lowest. This really shows how much parenting can affect a kid’s grade.
The relationship with the parent and also the style can have a negative effect on a kid along with a positive. In this study it showed that the authoritarian (strict and unengaged) and permissive (adolescent decides) parenting styles led to the kids being the least well adjusted, having depressive symptoms and acting out.
It is pretty evident that there is a correlation between parenting styles and students’ academic pressure. One article states, “When children consider their parents to be legitimate authority figures, they trust the parent and feel they have an obligation to do what their parents tell them to do.” This makes sense compared to the previous studies. Children feel more responsibility to their parents when they act like a combination of all three parenting styles, A little demanding, a little giving into the children’s demand, and a little rewarding. This is proven to be the best method for parents. Parents who tend to act like this have children who respect them more and feel more responsible for doing well in school than feeling pressured.
Some questions one should be thinking about after reading this blog are what is your parent’s parenting type? Are they more Authoritarian, Permissive, or Authoritative? Do you feel pressured to do well in school? Or do you feel that you owe it to your parent’s to do well in school?