Author Archives: Ashton Blair Pinter

Are Disney Movies Good For You?

One night my roommate and I stayed up later then we should have watching clips of our favorite childhood movies on YouTube. To no surprise at all, a majority of our favorite movies were made by The Walt Disney Company. I thought about why mostly all of our favorite movies were produced from that company. Could it be that Disney has enough money to hire the most creative and humorous writers, sure. Could it be because Disney is a huge company that has stellar advertising and marketing schemes, sure. Of course toddler me had no knowledge of Disney’s power at the time, so what really made Disney movies my favorite?  I thought long and hard about why a young child might like a movie so much and then it came to me. Children like movies that make them feel good, simple as that. So my question is, are Disney movies good for you and your mental growth? My null hypothesis is that there is no correlation between positive mental growth and Disney movies. My alternative hypothesis is that there is indeed a correlation between Disney movies and a child’s positive mental growth.

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In my opinion it is important for children to be unique and creative so that society does not stay the same as the previous generation of children and so that there can be outside of the box ideas. Disney’s Pixar may be the reason that children at a young age get their creativity and unique ideas. Pixar in the early 1990-2000s was at the top of the technological and artistic game. During that time they produced many movies that easily have become classics. It is no coincidence that Pixar movies have a track record of being blockbusters. Pixar refuses to buy film ideas from outside sources, making their ideas original and creative. By pushing both the imaginative and creative boundaries of movie making, Pixar demonstrates to their mostly young age viewers to think innovatively and originally. 

After finding out that Disney’s Pixar helps children to become more unique thinkers, I wanted to find out more. In an article I found titled, “Images of Gender, Race, Age, and Sexual Orientation in Disney Feature-Length Animated Films” ideas of how children develop their beliefs was ever present. As a child you are highly influenced by what you watch on television or what you see in the media. Gender roles, race and sexual orientation are heavily evident in the media and of course, Disney movies. To take a closer look at these areas, the study investigated 26 Disney Films from different time periods. What the study was able to find was rather startling. Positive mindsets were few and far between for stereotypes in Disney films. Another thing to note about these 26 Disney films is that, as the films got more and more recent, the stereotypes have become increasingly more positive. A typical Disney Princess movie usually has a princess in distress and a handsome young man that saves her. Disney’s Frozen from 2013 exemplifies a decrease in gender roles and stereotypes. In this film, a princess who is in distress is saved by her sister, not a man.

http://vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net/pixar/images/d/d0/Pixarlogo.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20100712043022

From looking at these two very different studies, the answer to my question, Are Disney movies good for you, is not crystal clear. Yes they help children to become more out of the box thinkers but up until recently they have had negative tones on things like gender, race, age, and sexual orientation. Based off of the information I have found, I feel as though more studies need to be done in order clearly answer if there is or is not a correlation between positive mind growth and Disney movies. I accept the null hypothesis: that there is no correlation between positive mental growth and Disney movies. 

Sources:

Article #1

https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=How+Pixar+Fosters+Collective+Creativity&btnG=&as_sdt=1%2C39&as_sdtp=

Article #2

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1300/J086v15n04_02?needAccess=true

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Does Chicken Noodle Soup Cure a Cold?

It is that time of year when seemingly everyone is sick. A few weekends ago, I woke up on Sunday morning and immediately knew I had been hit by the “Penn State Plaque” that I had been warned about. I was too weak to do anything other than sleep, which was a big problem being that I had about 4 hours worth of homework. After taking an absurdly long nap, my roommate convinced me to get food with her because I had not eaten all day. We went into Good 2 Go (a mini mart in Findlay Commons) where I bought cheddar and broccoli soup along with Nyquil. I had never taken Nyquil before so I was not sure it was going to help me or not but I was desperate to feel better. On Monday morning I woke up feeling slightly better but still very sick. My dad called me to check on how I was, after I told him I still did not feel that well he said that I needed to eat chicken noodle soup. For dinner that night I went to Good 2 Go again and got what my dad insisted on me eating, chicken noodle soup. That night I did not take any Nyquil. I woke up Tuesday morning feeling completely better, was it the soup? My null hypothesis for this would be that the chicken noodle soup does not help you feel better. My alternative hypothesis would be that the chicken noodle soup does in fact help you feel better.

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I primarily used a study called,“Effect of sodium in a rehydration beverage when consumed as a fluid or meal” conducted by Ray, Melinda L., Mark W. Bryan, Timothy M. Ruden, Shawn M. Baier, Rick L. Sharp, and Douglas S. King. I thought this study would be helpful because their goal was to see which fluid or fluids rehydrated people the most. When someone has a cold or flu, whether they realize it or not, they are dehydrated. The study tested fluids like: water, chicken broth, electrolyte drinks, and chicken noodle soup.

The study used 30 subjects- 15 male and 15 female. To conduct this experiment successfully, the subjects first had to become dehydrated. Once dehydrated the subjects were randomly assigned 175 ml of the previously listed fluids that they had to drink followed by drinking water twenty minutes later. After the rehydration period ended, the study found that plasma amounts were similar in chicken broth and the chicken noodle soup, they both had gone up. Hydration levels for the subjects that drank water and the electrolyte drink had stayed below the prehydration period.

Comparing these results gives us the indication that fluids high in sodium, like chicken broth and chicken noodle soup, help to increase fluid retention that can cause plasma restoration- aiding in your recovery from a sickness. 

In another study I looked at, it aimed to prove that chicken noodle soup can make you feel better. When I say better I do not mean recovering from a sickness, but the feeling of loneliness. This study considered chicken noodle soup as a comfort food and was able to prove that indeed when people eat chicken noodle soup they feel better, it is a comfort. It resonates with things that make you feel happier or more at ease.

https://fastapasta.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/chicken-noodle-soup.jpg

 
To revisit my hypothesis, I can reject the null hypothesis because chicken noodle soup does indeed help people feel better by helping to increase plasma volume via sodium and because it is a comfort food. To anyone who is feeling under the weather or a little blue, chicken soup is right for you!

Sources:

Article #1

By, It Was Observed. Effect of Sodium in a Rehydration Beverage When Consumed as a Fluid or Meal (n.d.): n. pag. Journal of Applied Physiology. American Physiological Society, 1 Oct. 1998. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

http://jap.physiology.org/content/jap/85/4/1329.full.pdf 

Article #2

Troisi, Jordan D., and Shira Gabriel. “Chicken Soup Really Is Good for the Soul: Comfort Food Fulfills the Need to Belong.” PsycEXTRA Dataset(n.d.): n. pag. Web.

http://pss.sagepub.com/content/22/6/747.full.pdf+html

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Bath Vs. Shower

Like everyone, transitioning from the comfort of your home to a much smaller, more compact dorm room is quite drastic. Being away from home makes you appreciate the smaller things that we often overlooked in our daily lives before we were living in dorms. This past weekend I had the opportunity to go home. The two things I was looking forward to the most were sleeping in my bed and taking a shower without slippers on. After being on a bus for four hours in order to get back to my home in New Jersey, I felt tired and dirty. The first thing I wanted to do when I got home was bathe. I went to my bathroom and stared at the shower and bath tub. Due to my four hour adventure back home on public transportation I knew I wanted to be as clean as possible. Then it dawned on me, Which actually gets you more clean, a shower or bath? My null hypothesis for this specific topic would be that there is no distinct difference between the cleanliness of baths and showers. The alternative hypothesis would be that there is indeed one cleaning method that is more effective than the other.

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I first wanted to investigate bathtubs and how many germs they might have lurking in them. In my opinion it seems like bathtubs would have more germs in them because you are essentially just sitting in your own filth. Dr. Elizabeth Scott recently conducted a study that compared bathtubs and garbage cans. From her study she found staphylococcus bacteria in both the bathtubs and garbage cans she tested. I had no previous knowledge of what staphylococcus bacteria is so I had to look it up. Staphylococcus or staph, is a collection of bacteria buildup that can cause various diseases. From her research Dr. Scott was able to determine that 26% of the bathtubs tested had staphylococcus in them while only 6% of garbage cans had the bacteria. It is tough to think that the place where you go to get clean is more bacteria infested than the place you throw away waste. I tried to make sense of this study and thought of a few ways why bathtubs might be more dirty than clean. Perhaps it is because once you enter into the bathtub and begin to clean off your body, germs, bacteria, and dead skin cells go into the water that you are sitting in. Bacteria needs moisture to grow so a bathtub which is a damp place, is the perfect habitat for it. Some lurking variables in Dr.Scott’s research may be how old the bathtub is, how often it gets cleaned, type of cleaner used, and possibly depending how dirty the owner of the tub is. Lurking variables for the garbage cans could have to do with what type of waste was thrown out into it. I wonder if the study was more specific how different the data would be.  

Next I wanted to look at showers. It seems like the obvious choice for getting a better clean because you are not sitting in what you are washing off of your body. The only way I can see a shower as a potential danger for bacteria is from the showerhead. In a 2009 study done by Norman R. Pace, a professor of molecular, cellular and developmental biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder he and his research team wanted to take a close look at showerheads and possible germs they may harbor. The study group consisted of 45 different showerheads from cities all around the U.S. Swabs were taken from each showerhead and then tested for bacteria. The study concluded that bacteria and microorganisms were indeed present in showerheads. Some are small enough to go into our airways while other can cling onto you. Pace says the only people who need to alter their bathing routine are those with immune system or lung problems. A better option for people with those problems would be to take a bath instead.

To revisit my question, Which actually gets you more clean, a shower or bath? Based off of both studies, taking a shower is the best way to get yourself as clean as possible and stay more germ free as opposed to baths. 

Sources:

Doheny, Kathleen. “Bacteria May Lurk on Your Showerhead.” WebMD. Ed. Louise Chang, MD. WebMD, 14 Sept. 2009. Web. 11 Oct. 2016.

http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/news/20090914/bacteria-may-lurk-on-your-showerhead

“Soap Up! The 12 Germiest Places in Your Life.” TODAY.com. TODAY, 12 Nov. 2008. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

http://www.today.com/id/21423163/ns/today-today_health/t/soap-germiest-places-your-life/#.WAZ1lGNlnq0

Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad. “Staph Infection Symptoms, Causes, Pictures & Treatment.” MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

http://www.medicinenet.com/staph_infection/article.htm

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Build- A – Baby

In today’s society, everyone is in constant competition for wanting to be the best. What if there was a way to make your offspring the best?  Last year during my A.P. Psychology class, my teacher brought up the subject of designer babies. She explained to us that designer babies refers to the process in which parents can pick and choose traits or eliminate certain traits in their embryos. For those of you who do not know what an embryo is, it is the very first step of development for an unborn offspring. Immediately when she introduced this topic it stirred a very heated debate in my class. Is it ethical to eliminate or add certain traits to an embryo? Some students said yes and some said no. I personally did not like this technological advancement. In my eyes it was unethical because you should not be able to alter how your child will look, its gender, or even their level of intelligence. Those with enough money to have designer babies are already at an advantage over those who do not have as much money, it seems unfair that they would have yet another advantage in life. What traits can you actually pick and choose for your embryo? 

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The article I used for my information was,”Designer Babies: The Truth Behind Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis” by Ali Venosa for Medical Daily. After reading the article I found out that there were many common misconceptions behind the mechanisms for alternating genes in the embryo. In my eyes the most shocking thing that I believed about  preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) better known as designer babies is that you could easily decide what you wanted your child to look like and their intelligence level. To me this would eliminate diversity among society. Life would be boring if everyone had the same hair color, eye color, skin color and intelligence. After reading this article, this fact was debunked, you cannot decide your child’s physical appearance to the level that I thought you could. The only thing that doctor’s are capable of right now is deciding the gender and eye color of your child. My only concern about this is not regarding to eye color but to gender selection. In places like China where boys are much more desirable than females, this type of technology could throw the balance off between the sexes. This poses as a problem for reproduction in the future if one gender greatly outnumbers the other.

The more and more I read the article, the more I understood the importance of having the designer baby technology. Let’s say your family has a very long history of a certain disease, thanks to this technology, you can take out that gene in the embryo so that your child has little to no risk of developing that disease. Doctor’s can check your embryo for more than 100 abnormalities that could affect the quality of your child’s life. The most common removal of genes if for diseases like Tay-Sachs, Huntington’s, hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, and sickle cell disease. This technology also allows doctor’s to check the number of chromosomes which would lead to the prevention of Down’s syndrome. If people are given the opportunity to better their child’s life and lower the risk of them developing a disease or being born with a disability, I personally would jump at it.

This whole study is really just a matter of ethics and what you personally believe after being presented with the facts of what the technology can and cannot do. In Andrew’s lecture from October 13th 2016, he presented the question: Are cancer trials ethical? Andrew told us that one group would be the control and would not receive treatment while the other group would be receiving treatment. Our class ruled this as ethical because the parents gave their consent on the study. Taking this into consideration as well as the benefits that I found out from the article, I now believe that designer babies are ethical. I am curious on everyone elses thoughts. 

http://www.veraquestresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/designer-babies.jpg

 

Sources:

Venosa, Ali. “Designer Babies: Fact Vs. Fiction.” Medical Daily. N.p., 25 Mar. 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.

http://www.medicaldaily.com/designer-babies-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-fact-fiction-379387

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http://www.veraquestresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/designer-babies.jpg

Sweet Dreams

Since starting college, I have eaten meals at very unconventional times due to activities and rigorous class work. I remember hearing from someone that it is not a good idea to eat after 8 o’clock at night, which is often something I am forced to do. A few weeks ago I had to power through late night studying so I grabbed a snack to keep me going. That night I had a nightmare. For whatever reason I thought back to what I did before I went to bed. I asked myself if I saw a scary advertisement being that halloween is around the corner, but I did not remember seeing one. I recalled eating some cookies way after 8 p.m., which was apparently a bad thing to do.  I wondered what the mechanism was behind me getting a nightmare, and if it possibly could have involved eating the ice cream. Does eating sugary foods, like cookies, before bed cause nightmares?

 

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After browsing the internet and looking at various websites, I came across a study conducted by the University of Montreal. The study was called, Dreams of the Rarebit Fiend: food and diet as instigators of bizarre and disturbing dreams (2015)”. I found this study appropriate and credible because it came from a university and was conducted within the past year. The study consisted of 382 undergraduate students—126 males and 255 females and 1 person whose gender was unspecified. I took notice that there was a much larger portion in females who participated and wondered if this could affect the end results of the study. Andrew talked about the importance of giving consent to scientists or a study, specifically in cancer trials. It is important to note that all participants in this study gave their consent, as well as it being approved by the University’s Ethics Board.

The way the study worked was by giving each participant various online surveys that they each had to complete based on topics concerning their diet, sleep quality, and dream characteristics. The results of all the surveys combined concluded that, 68 of 382 or 17.8% participants said that eating specific foods did have a direct affect on their dreams. 11.5% claimed that eating late at night affected their dreams. These numbers are much lower than I expected them to be, could it be because there was more females in the study than males? If the study had used a larger group of participants, 

http://www.frontiersin.org/files/Articles/118543/fpsyg-06-00047-HTML/image_m/fpsyg-06-00047-g002.jpg

As you can see from the above picture, each pie chart’s highest percentage of food that contributes to a disturbing or bizarre dream comes from diary. Sugar is the second highest contributor at 12.5% for disturbing dreams and 30.8% for bizarre dreams. Neither percentage helps to support or confirm my hypothesis. Something that could be taken into consideration for comparing each pie chart is the definition of what exactly the study considers a disturbing or  bizarre dream to be. The information may be more easily understood if the University of Montreal provided the definitions for each category.

This study done by the University of Montreal helped me to accept the null hypothesis, the numbers from the study were too low for me to clearly see if there was a relationship between sugary foods and nightmares. Looking back at it now, it must have been by chance that when I ate cookies before bed, I got a nightmare. 

Sources:

Nielson, Tore, and Russell A. Powell. Dreams of the Rarebit Fiend: Food and Diet as Instigators of Bizarre and Disturbing Dreams (2015). Rep. N.p., Feb. 2015. Web. 15 Oct. 2016.

https://www.academia.edu/10605094/Dreams_of_the_Rarebit_Fiend_food_and_diet_as_instigators_of_bizarre_and_disturbing_dreams_2015_

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http://www.frontiersin.org/files/Articles/118543/fpsyg-06-00047-HTML/image_m/fpsyg-06-00047-g002.jpg

 

Being Awake While Your Body Is Asleep

While reading the class blog, I stumbled upon a post that was about all the different types of dreams someone can have. It inspired me to explore what exactly a sleep/night terror actually was.

For most of my life I have had very detailed dreams that seem almost too realistic. Within the past few years my dreams have transitioned from pleasant dreams and nightmares to sleep/night terrors. Just to give you an idea of how extremely scary sleep terrors can be I’ll try to explain how I experience them. The best way I can describe the sensation to you is that you feel like your body (eyes,arms,hands, feet, and legs) are not functioning but your brain is. My sleep terrors usually start off with me being surrounded by ghosts or other demonic things that want to harm/possess me. Because I am half asleep-half awake my mind assumes that everything happening to me is in real life. I try to scream for help from my parents but because my body is not awake my mouth does not open, and my words make no sound. I try to run away from the things trying to harm me but my body cannot move, it is frozen in time. I try to lift my arms to wake myself up, but yet again my body is frozen. I am forced to go through the night terror without any way of stopping it or waking myself up.

Picture from here.

From reading multiple articles, a common fact of knowledge is that sleep terrors occur when a child is of the elementary school age but can outgrow the sleep phenomenon when they get older. In fact it is so uncommon in adults that almost all of the websites and articles I found were geared towards children and babies. I find this pattern strange because when I was little I never had a sleep terror but within the past few years I have started to get them. I wanted to know why exactly sleep terrors occur. To learn more about sleep terrors I visited the American Sleep Association website. From reading the section about sleep terrors on their website I learned that sleep terrors take place pre-REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement- causes vivid dreaming), or deep sleep.

I also found out that only 2% of adults have had sleep terrors, which makes me apart of a very small statistic (American Sleep Association 2007). Adults who do have sleep terrors are usually triggered by an emotional or traumatic event in their life. It can also be linked to those with depression, anxiety or mood disorders. So far in my life I have not had anything traumatic happen to me or have any psychological problems, so I seem to be the exception to the trend.

Due to the fact that the occurrence of sleep terrors in adults is so unlikely, the American Sleep Association recommends that those who do have them go to an overnight sleep study. The study called polysomnogram monitors what factors could be to leading to your sleep interruption or sleep terror. The test works by watching activity of your brain waves, noting where the brain region activity is being used prior to the phenomenon in an attempt to tell you how you might reverse the problem. 

Personally I feel like my sleep terrors happen too few a times to actually have a sleep study done on me. I wonder if there are other contributing factors as to why I get them. I think a few possibilities as to why I may get sleep terrors is based off of my diet, the amount of sleep I normally get, and maybe seeing something scary on Netflix or Tv.

I stumbled upon a video on YouTube called Is Sleep Paralysis Giving You Night Terrors? . Within his opening anecdote of  the video, Kyle Hill describes a sleep terror almost exactly like mine. It put me at ease to know I was not the only person who experienced this (also to reassure me that I am not a crazy person). If you are still curious or interested about sleep terrors, I would give the video a watch!

 

 

Are you addicted to Oreos?

This other day while I was watching Gilmore Girls on Netflix I could not help but to eat a snack. My snack of choice was mint Oreos. I told myself just two Oreos in an attempt to try and not be too overly unhealthy. After 30 minutes of watching the show, I realized I had eaten seven Oreos. I probably would have eaten more if I was not stopped by an empty row. I was immediately annoyed because all of the Oreos were gone and I would now have to add them to my shopping list and also because I told myself just two. I was generally interested as to why I had eaten so many Oreos when I was not even that hungry to begin with. I thought of a few possible things, did I eat so many because Gilmore Girls was distracting me or am I seriously addicted to Oreos? Yet again, I took to the internet to answer my question.

Picture from here.

I started off my investigation by searching “Are Oreos addicting” into Google. A multitude of articles popped up with some very startling headlines. One Time Magazine article in specific jumped out at me. The article was titled, Oreos May Be As Addictive As Cocaine. With a title making a claim as bizarre as that, I knew I had to read it. From the article I learned that a study on lab rats and Oreos had been conducted at Connecticut College. This specific study focused on the rat’s brain and how their neurons were activated with the exposure to Oreos.
The rats were released into a maze where Oreos were at one end and rice cakes were at the other end. Just like any normal person, or at least myself, I could easily assume where the rats would be headed. With no surprise at all, the rats gravitated towards the Oreo end of the maze. Another test was given to the rats, again they were placed in a maze. This time the maze had a saline( a salt solution) injection and a shot of morphine/cocaine at the opposite end. The rats scurried to the cocaine/morphine side of the maze. The data from both studies were analyzed and the researchers concluded that rats spent as much time near the Oreos as they did by the cocaine/morphine injection side. 

The reasoning behind the strong attraction rats felt towards the Oreos goes well beyond the deliciousness of the black and white cookie. Foods high in sugar and fat (Oreos) and abusive drugs activate the addictive side of the brain at the same level. When the rats ate the Oreos, their pleasure center in their brain lit up as much as or even more than it would have if they were injected with cocaine. Furthermore this evidence from the study can support the conjecture that maladaptive eating habits linked to obesity can be similar to that of a person with a drug addiction. So for the sake of my blog, Oreos are addicting.

After finding out that Oreos are addicting, would I eat them again? Heck yes. I will continue to eat Oreos and products that contain Oreos because they are absolutely heavenly. However, there might be a slightly less addictive and healthier option for you to eat. Newman- O’s are a different type of the classic black and white cookie (Oreos). Newman O’s are wheat free, dairy free made with organic flour and organic sugar. My Mom likes to buy this brand of black and white cookies for our house and they are almost identical in taste to Oreos. If you were turned off from Oreos because they are highly addictive, or just tying to be healthier, give Newman- O’s a shot!

Picture from here.

 

 

Beauty is Pain

One of my favorite pastimes is watching videos of makeup tutorials on YouTube. I am hugely fascinated by the amazing ability some people have at transforming a face with the help of makeup. After watching one video in particular called The Power of Makeup! I found myself asking the question, “what affects does makeup have on eyes and skin?”. I took to the internet to find out.

I came across a very informative article by Alexandra Perron for Yahoo! Beauty called, “Can Eyeliner Affect Your Eyes?“.  The article discusses a study done by Dr. Alison Ng who is specialized in Optometry and Vision Science. Dr.Ng used relied on video recording to track the movement of eyeliner particles into the eye. Dr.Ng would note how each person applied their eyeliner and the placement of it as well. The experiment called for each participator to apply glitter eyeliner to their outer lash line first and then to their inner bottom waterline. Through this study Dr.Ng observed that makeup migration is sped up when the eyeliner is applied to the inner lid or waterline.

Through Dr.Ng’s study, application to the inner lash waterline allowed 15-30 percent more particles into the fragile protective coating on the eye, much more quickly than when applied to the outer lash line. Effects of eyeliner migration into the eye, past the tear film, include unpleasantness if you are someone who has sensitive or dry eyes (this applies strongly to me). Even blurred vision was reported as an effect of putting eyeliner on the inner waterline. Dr. Ng also explains that people with contact lens are even more at risk of the effects of eyeliner migration into the eye. For people with contacts, eyeliner can get stuck to their lenses and increase the bacteria deposits that can cause cloudy lenses, causing vision obstructions (Yahoo! Beauty).

While reading the article one specific part about the bacteria in contacts hit home with me. A few years ago I was sitting in math class when I noticed that all over the course of my 80 minute class my vision in my right eye had gone from perfect to awfully blurry, I even felt a little bit of irritation. I decided to suck up the pain for two weeks before finally begging my parents to make me an eye doctor appointment. The morning of my appointment I woke up and my right eye had become so irritated. The discomfort I felt was unbearable, my right eye would not stop tearing up, I was so thankful that I was seeing the doctor that day. My eye doctor looked at my eyes under the fancy microscopes and began to determine what was the matter. He asked me if I wore eyeliner on my waterline and I told him that I did. He immediately told me to stop doing so because it was damaging my cornea. He explained that it seemed that a speck of my eyeliner had gotten into my eye and scratched my cornea. This made the horrible discomfort I felt for the past few weeks make sense. I had a hiatus from wearing eyeliner for a few weeks before I caved and started wearing it again. So yes, beauty is pain.

The article on Yahoo! Beauty that I have been discussing lists a few ways to avoid damaging your eyesight without giving up the eyeliner look that many people love so dearly. One makeup artist, Lisa Aharon recommends that people use a cream eyeliner pencil as oppose to a kohl eyeliner pencil. Kohl eyeliner pencils are more harsh on your eyes and run the risk of containing a heavy metal like lead. I myself have always used a kohl eyeliner product but after reading what Aharon has to say about the harmful affects, I will try and stray away from the product. Aharon warns of the possible irruption of glitter and metallic eyeliners on the waterline as well. One way to keep your eyeliner sterile and bacteria free is to sharpen it prior to each application or cleanse the tip with rubbing alcohol.

Here’s a list of Lisa Aharon approved eyeliners:

  • Marc Jacobs Beauty Highliner Gel Eye Crayon ($25)
  • Laura Mercier Longwear Crème Eye Pencil ($24)
  • Chanel Long Lasting Eye Liner ($32)

Picture Source:

https://i.ytimg.com/vi/8QZ2BPqLg7E/maxresdefault.jpg 

Science, its a no from me.

My name is Ashton Pinter and I’m from the Jersey shore. No, by Jersey shore I do not mean the type of shore portrayed on the MTv show. My Jersey shore is a lot less dramatic and party filled than the shore you may have seen on MTv. I’m in the college of communications and plan to major in advertisement. My major is one that does not have a heavy background in science or math, two subjects that I honestly have no interest in. Math has always been so confusing and frustrating for me. While I am very good at science, I find the topics I have learned about in the past to be extremely boring. Chemistry literally put me to sleep. I couldn’t tell you when in my life I will need to find the atomic mass of elements. With that being said that is exactly why I’m taking Science 200, and because I needed a science course. While making my schedule, I explained to the academic advisor that I am not someone who finds science to be an enjoyable class. My academic advisor told me that this class would be a perfect fit for me because it is for people who don’t necessarily enjoy science but instead enjoy deep conversation and understanding. After going to the first week of this class I feel more inclined than ever to learn about science. Looking at the class schedule, all of the topics seem interesting and exciting. Topics like “Are drugs better than teachers?” and “Do aliens visit Earth?” are things that I am eager to learn about. They are topics that a traditional science class would never look into.

I went all of my high school career with my heart being set on going to college to study sports medicine. I was a cheerleader in high school for my football team, which is how my interest in this profession started. I would see the athletic trainers on the sidelines, and think to myself, thats amazing how they can help someone get right back into the game after getting hurt. I kept thinking about sports medicine and decided that helping NFL players recover from an injury would be a goal of mine. My high school guidance cousoler told me that taking anatomy my senior year would look good on my transcript for colleges because it is a type of course I would indeed have to take again at college for being on the sports medicine major track. The first day of school my senior year I walked into anatomy very eager to learn and become one step closer to studying sports medicine. Within 10 minutes of the teacher explaining the class I knew that science was indeed the wrong major for me. I felt lost because I had only seen myself going into the profession, I had to rethink everything. That day I switched out of the class and have not thought about going into a major so heavily involved with science.

While on YouTube the other day I stumbled across a video called This Much Will Kill You. The title caught my eye and I decided to watch the video. In the video it talks about how much of a certain thing you body can handle before you die. Another interesting fact I learned from watching the video was that, for every 1 inch you are taller than 5 feet it takes about 1.3 years off of your life.