Almost all applications support Breton accents. Guidelines for typing and using accents are given below.  if you need to refer to additional characters, look under the Accents tab.

About Breton

Breton is a Celtic language spoken in the Brittany region on the west coast of France. It is closely related to Welsh and Cornish and more distantly related to Irish and Gaelic. Breton does not have as many accented charcters as French.

Breton Links

Windows Alt Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.

See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Accented Vowels
Vwl Vowels
Ê ALT+0202 (Cap E circ)
ê ALT+0234 (Lower E circ)
Ù ALT+0217 (Cap U grave)
ù ALT+0249 (Lower U grave)
Ü ALT+0220 (Cap U umlaut)
ü ALT+0252 (Lower U umlaut)
Sym Consonants/Punctuation
Ñ ALT+0209 (Cap N tilde)
ñ ALT+0241 (Lower N tilde)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)
ALT+0128 (Euro currency)

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard.

Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter
with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about
using that accent.

For the Template, the symbol "V" means type any vowel.

Windows International Keyboard Vowel Codes
Acute é É ‘, V ‘ = apostrophe key
Circumflex ê Ê SHIFT+^, V  
Grave ù Ù `, V ` = left single quote
Umlaut ü Ü ", V " = quote key

Example 1: To type lower case ù – Type the grave key (`), then U.  For capital Ù, type the grave, then capital U.

Consonants and Puncutation

For these codes, you must make sure you use the Alt key on the right side of the keyboard.

Note: that there is no shortcut for the joined O-E.

Breton Consonant/Punctuation Codes
Sym Consonants/Punctuation
Ñ, ñ Type SHIFT+~, then either lowercase n or capital N
« RightAlt+[
» RightAlt+]

Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels

The method is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then
type the vowel you wish to be accented. For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel.

Mac Option Codes for Vowels
Acute á Á Option+E, V
Circumflex ê Ê Option+I, V
Grave ù Ù Option+`, V
Umlaut ü Ü Option+U, V
N tilde ñ, Ñ Option+N, N

Example 1: To input the lower case ñ, hold down the Option key, then the N key. Release both keys then type lowercase n.
Example 2: To input the capital Ñ, hold down the Option key, then the N key. Release all three keys then type capital N.

Other Characters

Mac Consonants/Punctuation
Sym Consonants/Punctuation
ñ Option+N,N
Ñ Option+N,Shift+N
Ç Shift+Option+C
« Option+\
» Shift+Option+\
(not on older fonts)

Web Development

This section presents information specific to Breton. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

  • iso-8859-1 (Latin 1),
  • iso-8859-15 (adds support for the euro ()
  • win-1252

If possible, you should transition to Unicode.

Note: There is a "Celtic" Latin-8/Latin-14 standard (ISO-8859-14), but it has been supplanted by Unicode. Few applications support this standard.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility. The following codes represent different stages of Breton.

  • br (Modern Breton)
  • xbm (Middle Breton)
  • obt (Old Breton)

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you
want to type yezhoù you would type yezhù.

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because ù is number 249, yezhúcan also be used to input yezhoù. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt
listed above.

Accented Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
Ê Ê (202)
ê ê (234)
Ù Ù (217)
ù ù (249)
Ü Ü (220)
ü ü (252)
Sym Entity Code
Ñ Ñ (209)
ñ ñ (241)
« « (171)
» » (187)

Breton Language


Top of Page

Skip to toolbar