Thanks to Lex Bennik for techincal assistance.

These pages cover Langue D’Oïl languages related to Standard French but with distinct spelling and grammatical systems. All languages are generally descended from Old French.
Note: These languages use characters not found in Standard French.

About the Languages

Walloon (wa)

Walloon is spoken in Southern Belgium (in "Wallonia") along with standard French. This region was once part of Wallonia which crossed the border of modern Belgium and France.

Links about Walloon

Jersey/Guernsey/Norman French (nrf)

Jersey (Jèrrais) and Guernsey (Guernésiais) are spoken in the Channel Islands of Great Britain and are descended from Norman French. A third language in the Channel Islands is Sark (Sercquiais/Sèrtchais).

Links about Channel Island Languages

Windows ALT Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.

See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

Alt Codes for typing Walloon characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl Capital Vowels
Å ALT+0197
Æ ALT+0198
È ALT+0200
É ALT+0201
Ê ALT+0202
Ë ALT+0203
Î ALT+0206
Ô ALT+0212
Û ALT+0219
Lower Vowels
Vwl Lowercase Vowels
å ALT+0229
â ALT+0226
æ ALT+0230
è ALT+0232
é ALT+0233
ê ALT+0234
ë ALT+0235
î ALT+0238
ô ALT+0244
œ ALT+0156
û ALT+0251
Consonants, Punctuation
Sym ALT Code
Ç ALT+0199 (caps)
ç ALT+0231 (lower)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard. Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter
with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about
using that accent.

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel.

International Keyboard Codes
A-Ring RightAlt+W, Shift+RightAlt+W
AE Ligature RightAlt+Z, Shift+RightAlt+Z
C Cedille RightAlt+<, Shift+RightAlt+<
Circumflex Shift+^, V
Acute , V ‘ = apostrophe key
Umlaut ", V "= quote key
`, V
Double Ange Quotes RightAlt+[    

Example 1: To type the letter ó – Type the apostrophe
key (‘), then O.  For Ó, type the apostrophe,
then capital O.

Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels and Punctuation

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The
format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then
type the vowel you wish to be accented.

Mac Option Codes
A-Ring Option+A
AE Ligature Option+’
Shift_ Option+’
C Cedille Option+C
OE Ligature Option+Q
Shift+ Option+Q
Circumflex Option+I, V
Acute Option+E, V
Umlaut Option+U, V
Grave Option+`, V
Euro Shift+Option+2
Double Angle Braket Option+|

Web Development

This section presents information specific to Dutch. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

  • iso-8859-1 (Latin 1),
  • iso-8859-15 (adds support for the euro ()
  • win-1252

If possible, you should transition to Unicode.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility.

  • wa (Walloon)
  • nrf (Norman French or Jersey/Guernsey/Picard)

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you
want to type Diè wåde you would type Di&egrave; w&aring;de

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because è is number 233,
Di&#232; can also be used to input Diè.These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt
listed above.

HTML entity codes for Wallon characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
Å &Aring; (197)
Æ &AElig; (198)
 &Acirc; (194)
È &Egrave; (200)
É &Eacute; (201)
Ê &Ecirc; (202)
Ë &Euml; (203)
Î &Icirc; (206)
Ô &Ocirc; (212)
Π&OElig; (140)
Û &Ucirc; (219)
Lowercase Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
â &acirc; (226)
æ &aelig; (230)
å &aring; (229)
è &egrave; (232)
é &eacute; (233)
ê &ecirc; (234)
ë &euml; (235)
î &icirc; (238)
ô &ocirc; (244)
œ &oelig; (156)
û &ucirc; (251)

Sym Entity Code


Links about Walloon

Links about Channel Island Languages


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