RCL #2 Articles on Penn State Mental Health Issues

The two articles I read were both specific to Penn State’s CAPS. The first was an article written for the Daily Collegian that talks about the struggles of getting counseling services from CAPS. It is especially intriguing because it tells personal stories of students who have sought help from CAPS. A student named Marion shares the story of her struggle with panic attacks. She needed counseling services at school, however, she found herself waitlisted for CAPS and unable to get the help she needed. This led to her having several panic attacks during the semester, interfering with her education. Luckily for Marion, she was eventually able to get help and it has greatly reduced her panic attacks. The article also talks generally about the shortage of CAPS employees and space that causes these long waits for students. It is disturbing to know that students with mental health issues often cannot receive help, negatively affecting their education, career, and social life.

The other article I read was from Penn State’s Student Affairs that consists of stats about CAPS and the mental health of students at Penn State. It states that CAPS sees in excess 2,500 students each year. 40% of these patients are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and half are diagnosed with a mood disorder such as depression. It also provides stats that can cause mental health issues such as stress, abuse, and discrimination.

The stats in the Student Affairs article prove that there is a great need for mental health services for Penn State students, and the Daily Collegian’s article shows that currently, CAPS is unable to fill this need properly. Our deliberation seeks to discuss what can be done to improve psychiatric services and the overall mental health of the Penn State community. The Student Affairs article can be used to show to participants that mental health issues are very prominent in our community. We can also provide statistics to show there is a high demand for psychiatric help. The article for the Daily Collegian can help to show the community that we do not currently have the resources needed to cope with the high demand for counseling. Marion’s story can even be mentioned during the deliberation to add a personal touch for the participants.

These articles can be used to help foster a discussion on mental health issues at Penn State and what possible actions can be taken to address these issues.

Mallon, Morganne. “Getting Counseling Services at Penn State Easier Said than Done for Some.” The Daily Collegian, 8 Feb. 2016, www.collegian.psu.edu/features/article_87095f1a -ce36-11e5-b2a3-fbe95d5c3c19.html.

“Important Statistics.” Student Affairs, https://studentaffairs.psu.edu/counseling/distress/workshop/overview_stats.html

RCL #1 Deliberation

Our deliberation, “State of Mind” will be about mental health issues. We will begin with deliberating about the psychiatric services on campus such as CAPS and other support groups. This will include discussing how effective these services are and how they can be improved. This will also lead to deliberations on how we can promote a better environment for mental health issues by better educating students about these issues.

I am a part of the overview team, which is basically in charge of getting the deliberation started with an introduction. Currently, I am working on writing an introduction that will present the topic and get the participants to start thinking of their opinions on mental health issues. We are also responsible for moderating the personal stake portion of the deliberation in which participants discuss how they are personally affected by mental health issues. We feel that it would be beneficial if we and other members of our team briefly discuss our own experience with mental health issues. As students, we often witness our classmates or even ourselves struggling with stress, anxiety, and depression and discussing this with the participants will help us to better connect with them and break the ice. It is very important that we give a good introduction in order to start the deliberation off right.

This I Believe Script

Growing up in a large family as I did, I had plenty of people to influence my lifestyle such as my three siblings, 27 aunts and uncles, and 40 first cousins. At the peak of this influence was, and still is, my grandfather. He taught me countless lessons on the importance of faith, hard work, and most importantly family. With him there was always a story to be told, a joke to be made, and a lesson to be learned. It wasn’t until after his passing that I realized the true importance of what he had been telling me my entire life.

In December of 2013, my grandfather was diagnosed with cancer. Watching the strongest man I knew struggle with such a terrible illness was very hard for my family and I. Throughout the holiday season, he was in and out of the hospital. Even with the pain he felt, he always carried the best attitude, cracking jokes with the nurses and, always showing off the big picture of his family. His family made him prouder than anything else in life, and he instilled that in all of us.

His health took a rapid decline in the spring of 2014. As Holy Week approached he was released home on hospice care. My numerous family members made it a priority to make it home for this Easter, for they knew it was the last one with their father and grandfather. Aunts and Uncles flew in from as far as California and Texas. Cousins left college to come home.

They came not only to support my grandpap in his losing battle, but to support each other. As we all gathered to see him for his final moments it was difficult to remain strong as there were countless tears shed by everyone. It was during this time that I realized why my grandpap had preached about the importance of family his whole life. When one family member was overcome with grief, they were immediately consoled by those around them. We all comforted each other.

On Easter Sunday, I awoke to the news that he had passed early that morning. For my family and I, the hardest part was over. He was not suffering anymore and I had no doubt he went to heaven. My grandpap left behind the greatest legacy one could, a wonderful family.

Thus, I believe in the power of family. My family is my backbone. No matter what happens in life, when the dust settles, they will always be standing by ready to help. When one family member is struggling, everyone rushes to pick them up. My family has shaped me into the man I am today and I would be lost without them. No matter how far my life takes me, I know my family will always be close.

TED Talk Script Draft

Topic: The positive influence of sports on society.

Purpose: To show people that sports can do lots of good for societies worldwide.

Thesis: Sports is not simply a leisure activity, but has the power to promote peace and impact societies for the better in the past, present, and future.


Whether we know it or not, we are all sports fans deep down inside. While not all of us are at the edge of our couch screaming at the tv every Sunday, we are all affected by the influence of sports on our society. It has grown to such a popularity that it has affected almost all aspects of life. Sports are no longer a simple form of entertainment, but have evolved into what the United Nations calls “human rights that must be respected and enforced worldwide.”

Sports have been and still are one of the most influential aspects of popular culture. It has laid the groundwork for social change such as desegregation and women’s rights and can continue to be used as a tool to better not only our society but places worldwide. Sports is not simply a leisure activity but has the power to promote peace and impact societies past, present, and future.

This use of sports as a way to promote social change isn’t anything new, as it began in the mid-1940s.

*Slide 1 Picture of Jackie Robinson

  • Most prominent early use of this was Jackie Robinson- first African American to play major league baseball (1947).
    • His bravery and that of the management of the Dodgers converted many people’s thoughts on segregation
      • He received very cruel treatment at first (even death threats)
      • People began to realize this was wrong and that he was actually better than most white players at the time.
      • Led to desegregation of other sports teams and institutions and to the beginning of the civil rights movement.
      • (Team That Forever Changed Baseball and America: The 1947 Brooklyn Dodgers)

*Slide 2 picture of Billie Gene King

  • Billie Gene King vs. Bobby Riggs “Battle of the Sexes” tennis match, 1973.
    • King (female) beat Riggs (male) in a singles tennis match
    • Not only started the women’s sports movement (Title IX), but also thoughts on gender equality. (Greenspan)

*Slide 3 picture of Larry Fitzgerald or other athlete helping community

The influence sports wasn’t just a wave that came and went through in the 20th century, but rather it continues to build, furthering its reach and impact.

  • Major league players often use their stardom and money to contribute to charities and promote healthy living etc.
    • Larry Fitzgerald- Larry Fitzgerald First Down Fund (charitable organization)
      • Also traveled to Ethiopia to plant trees, irrigation work, other projects
      • Just one example of an athlete who gives back
      • (Scherer)

*Slide 4 picture of kids in play60

  • NFL play 60
    • NFL program that encourages kids to be active and healthy
    • Donates millions to youth fitness programs and uses pro athletes to encourage kids to be active and healthy
    • (About Play60)
  • Talk about NFL kneeling during anthem maybe?

*Slide 5 picture of kids in underdeveloped country playing sports

Looking at what sports have done in the past and present, doesn’t it make sense to use sports to promote further social change? (and possibly development in countries, go beyond the reaches being active)

  • Sport for development and peace in action
    • Professional Athletes as ambassadors or spokespersons
      • David Beckham works as ambassador for UNICEF to help Unite Against Aids campaign (Scherer)
    • Sports used by the UN in SPD campaign to promote economic development and peace
      • Use sport as a way to promote peace; bringing opposing sides together in a place where they respect the opponent and rules and aggression is regulated and transformed
      • (Office on Sport for Development and Peace)


Sports has grown from a simple leisure activity into a right that should be enjoyed by all. It has a unique power to attract and mobilize people to achieve a goal. It inspires participation, teamwork, and citizenship and has the power to reach a vast number of people. Sport has been used in the past and present to promote social change and better the community. We should take this lesson and learn that sports can be used worldwide to promote unity and peace.


Works Cited

“About Play60.” NFL.com. NFL Enterprises, 2017. Web. Oct. 25 2017. http://www.nfl.com/play60

Greenspan, Jesse. “When Billie Beat Bobby.” History.com. A+E Networks, 2013. Web. Oct. 25              2017. http://www.history.com/news/billie-jean-king-wins-the-battle-of-the-sexes-40     years-ago

“Office on Sport for Development and Peace.” United Nations. United Nations, 2014. Web. Oct. 25 2017. https://www.un.org/sport/content/why-sport/overview

Scherer, Jasper. “Top 10 Most Charitable Athletes in Sports Today.” Bleacher Report. Turner              Broadcasting System, Dec. 23 2013. Web. Oct. 25 2017.              http://bleacherreport.com/articles/1901440-top-10-most-charitable-athletes-in-sports    today

Team That Forever Changed Baseball and America: The 1947 Brooklyn Dodgers, edited by Lyle    Spatz, and Maurice Bouchard, UNP – Bison, 2012. ProQuest Ebook Central. Web. Oct. 25 2017. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/pensu/detail.action?docID=946901.


Paradigm Shift Idea

My idea is a branch from my passion blog, sports. Over the last hundred years or so, sports and the way we view them has changed in every dimension. Professional sports have evolved from games played for leisure and entertainment, to multi-billion dollar industries that impact many aspects of our lives.

Today, sports have reached their way into nearly every aspect of our lives including popular culture, politics, school, and business. Over the last century, sports have often reflected changes in social attitudes and standards. Sundays, which used to be reserved for church, are now more known for football. Clothing changed from men in suits and women in dresses to gym shorts and yoga pants. College was once reserved for scholars, now many schools gain more attention through their sports teams rather than their academic achievement. Recently, sports have worked into politics, with arguments over players protesting the national anthem. Perhaps the largest change in sports is the big business behind it, as player’s salaries have increased dramatically.

These changes are primarily due to the rise of technology in our everyday lives. Before television, people had to buy a ticket and physically go to games to watch their team. Now, millions of people at a time can watch a game from practically anywhere in the world. People also use the internet extensively to follow their teams, brush up on stats, and play fantasy sports, things they could never do before. Thesis: Over the last century, due to the rise of technology and changing social standards, the influence of sports has developed from a small past time activity to a multibillion-dollar industry that affects our everyday lives.

RCL #7 Pairing Writing and Visuals

Lynsey Addario not only captivates her readers with moving and descriptive words, but also with striking images that build on the situation she describes. Her goal in her career as a conflict photographer is to tell people’s story through her pictures. She accomplishes this very well by being a master of empathy and conveying it in both her witting and photography.

The image that caught my attention the most was with the soldiers carrying the body of their fallen comrade in the Korengal Valley, 14 pages after page 210. Without even reading her accounts of that day, the viewer not only pieces together what is happening, but experiences the heartbreaking ambiance that surrounds the scene. The dusty, hazy background indicates the remanence of the battle. All the soldier’s faces are down and the viewer knows that they are all grieving. There is no caption with the image, as words cannot describe it.

My second image of Addario’s is 25 pages after page 210 where the children are around a burning car in Libya. My first thoughts were that this looks like an image out of an apocalyptic movie. Then you read the caption that tells you “Children play around a burning car…” I immediately thought, why are children playing by a burning car? Then she reveals that the Libyan uprising is gathering and we realize that these children will grow up in a civil war, and death and destruction will surround them.

Images captivate a reader when words fall short. Through her photographs, Addario further induces the sense of empathy that is prevalent throughout her book. Her readers not only look at the images, but they become immersed in them and the feelings that they convey. By using videos and images in my own passion blog, I can relate to my readers as Addario does. I will add images of the players I am discussing as well as video replays of certain plays or parts of games that will allow my reader to dive deeper into my blog and my passion.

RCL #6: Addario’s Conflicts

In part III of It’s What I Do, Lynsey Addario reiterates a theme that is prevalent throughout her entire book: conflict. Addario not only sees conflict in the scenes she photographs but in her own life as well. Throughout her memoirs, Addario constantly battles this strong conflict, splitting her between her work and her personal life and forcing her to try to balance the two opposite worlds.

This balance is questioned at the end of part III when Lynsey’s friends say “’Why not get pregnant?’” The question struck her deep. While all her friends at home were busy having babies and starting “normal” lives, a lifestyle most of her readers relate to, Addario has been bouncing all over the world living her passion, not leaving room such regularities. In turn, Lynsey was infuriated by this proposition. She was at the “height of [her] career” and saw no room for such an interruption, for she feared that when she started her family, it would be the end of her career. However deep down inside she feels the urge for a family and is torn between the two, further developing her inner conflict.

Contrary to Addario, my conflict with my passion for sports is not quite as serious as war photography or starting a family. My biggest conflict is the greatest fear of any big football fan, when players on the Steelers, my home team, are playing against players on my fantasy football team. Last week when the Steelers played Baltimore, I desperately wanted to see the Steeler defense destroy those Ravens, but realized I have the Baltimore running back on my fantasy team. Watching that game was a constant conflict for me as I wanted my beloved Steelers to win, but also needed the Ravens back to have a good game and get me points.

Life is full of conflicts, big and small, and like Addario, we must always work to keep a balance between the things we love.

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Draft


As Americans, we share a unique set of civic duties, whether it is the duty to vote, the duty to serve as a public official, or the duty to serve in the military. None of these duties are exactly mandatory, but they are essential for us to enjoy the freedoms that we hold dear. Americans share a unique patriotism that inspires this duty. The United States is notorious for its patriot inspiring symbols and icons. Just as the elephant and donkey remind us of our duty to cast our vote, the famous Uncle Sam “I Want You” poster has been used for generations for military recruitment.

Thesis: Through the use of strong patriotism and large appeals to ethos and pathos, the “I Want You” poster was and still is successful in inspiring Americans to enlist in the U.S. Army.


Many only know Uncle Sam from the posters that originated during the first world war, but its origins go over a century deeper, into the War of 1812.

  • The name is associated with Samuel Wilson, a New York meat packer that supplied beef to the troops during the war of 1812.
    • His barrels were marked with “U.S.” for the United States, but soldiers began referring to it as Uncle Sam’s.
    • A newspaper wrote the story and eventually gained popularity as Americas nickname.
  • The nickname gained more popularity in the 1860s and 70s when cartoonist Thomas Nast created images of Uncle Sam in his political cartoons.
    • Nast developed uncle same with a beard and stars and stripes suit as he appears today.
  • The most famous portrayal of Uncle Sam, the “I Want You” poster, was created by artist James Montgomery Flagg during WWI. (added top hat)
    • Originally published in the July 1916 edition of Leslie’s Weekly
    • Was used as an army recruiting poster for WWI and over 4 million copies were printed between 1917 and 1918 and was very successful in inspiring enlistment.

Audience and Commonplaces

The commonplace used in this poster is wartime America, where every effort was taken to inspire each citizen to do their part to help the war effort.

  • Very patriotic image related to the American citizens that it was created to inspire
  • The audience of the poster is young white males who can serve in the army
    • Due to the lingering presence of segregation in WWI era America, the majority of soldiers were white males
    • Uncle Sam is portrayed as a white male to relate to this audience
  • He is also an older man to portray him as an authoritative “father figure” telling the younger viewer what they should do.
  • The Kairos is the world wars
    • America was looked at to save other countries from tyranny (kind of as an Uncle looking after them)

Appeal to Patriotism

              The most obvious reason for the success of the Uncle Sam poster is the appeal that strikes every American deep: patriotism.

  • Uncle Sam is a direct representation of the U.S. (same initials)
    • Viewer feels as the United States itself was calling them to action
  • The poster uses bold red, white, and blue inspires patriotism in the viewer and makes them think of their civic duty to their country.
  • The patriotism makes the viewer think of the freedoms that they enjoy as an American and it inspires the duty to protect these freedoms.


Appeal to Pathos

              Pathos is the most dominant appeal, the image of Uncle Sam pointing puts a face to the country and creates a personal feel with the viewer.

  • With Uncle Sam looking directly at the viewer and pointing, the viewer feels as though he is speaking directly to them.
  • The old word “YOU” adds to the directness of the poster
  • Personal feel makes the viewer feel as though their country is relying on them and cannot fight this war without them.
    • Inspires a sense of guilt and duty, making them feel obligated to enlist

Appeal to Ethos

              The backing for the U.S. government and the portrayal of Uncle Sam himself present a credibility within the poster that father draws attention to its purpose.

  • During the World War eras, there was a high confidence in the U.S. military and government
    • Most people trusted that if the military told them they were needed, they must be important for the cause.
    • People were united in fighting the war on all fronts (home and away)
    • Reference to the nearest recruiting station
  • Portrayal of Uncle Sam as a stern elderly man adds to the ethos (respect)
    • People generally associate age with wisdom
    • Seen as a father figure who knows what is best, thus they are more willing to take his advice and enlist in the army
  • This add might not be as effective outside of its era due to this reliance on ethos
    • Especially during Vietnam era, when the military was extremely unpopular
    • Even today, the country is more divided and many people have low confidence in the government


From 1812 and through both world wars, Uncle Sam’s “I Want You” poster has been an effective tool for military recruitment and uniting the country. It inspires Americans not simply to enlist in the U.S. Army, but to be patriots and do whatever they can to help their country. This iconic poster united the country in some of the most devastating eras in history. Maybe Uncle Sam should be looked back at from today and used to reunite our divided country to allow people to live in peace, equality, and freedom.

Civic Artifact Draft


When we turn 18, most of us register to vote. It is the civic duty of Americans to cast their opinion in the ballot box. As we make a decision, we each typically choose a path, we either follow the donkey or the elephant (or independent or third party). The symbols of the two major American political parties are recognizable to almost every American. They represent the platform on which the party is built, uniting people based on common morals and showing the civic duty of the U.S. government.


  • Both symbols have been around since the 19th century and were originally created as an insult to their political parties.
    • The donkey began when political opponents of Andrew Jackson(D) called him a “Jackass” for populist views
      • Jackson was actually amused by this and used it on his campaign posters in the 1828 election
    • Later, an elephant labeled Republican appeared in a political cartoon by Thomas Nast.
      • The elephant was clumsy, unbalanced and ready to fall into a pit, symbolizing the lack of control within the party at the time.
    • Both animals were used extensively by cartoonist Thomas Nast, who is credited for their current popularity as political party symbols.
    • Nix, Elizabeth. “Election 101: How did the Republican and Democratic parties get their animal symbols?” com. 7 July 2015. Web. 20 Sept. 2017

Meaning Today

  • Both parties took the insults from the cartoons and opponents and turned them into a unifying symbol of their party and the platform it is built upon.
    • They reversed the insults and used the animals as their symbol
      • Donkey for its strong will and humble origins, as an ode to the common man
      • Elephant for its strength and wisdom
    • They represent the beliefs of the parties themselves, the party platforms
      • Republicans- Small government, Free market, Nationalist, etc.
      • Democrats- Large government, regulated market, globalist, etc.


  • The political party symbols unite people on multiple levels. They unite people as Republicans and Democrats, and as Americans.
    • The obvious common places are Democrats and Republicans
      • Unite people based on their common morals and draw them together to support their opinion.
    • All of America is also a commonplace because they represent our democratic government, which unites us no matter what side we stand on.
      • Both symbols have red, white and blue design calling to patriotism
    • Both symbols and the parties they represent are a call for Americans to vote
      • Voting is a civic duty of all Americans


The donkey and the elephant are not glamorous animals, and neither is government. These animals represent the civic duty of government. The duty of public service by our elected officials, and our own civic duty to cast our vote. So, no matter if you choose the path of the elephant or the donkey, you have a duty as an Americans to voice your opinion and cast your vote during elections.


It’s What I Do #3

In part II of Lyndsey Addario’s It’s What I Do, we notice a shift. After 9/11, the situation in the Middle East changed dramatically. After the attacks, it became a much more hostile area, especially to Americans. This is portrayed at the very beginning of the section, where the title of chapter 4 is “You, American, Are Not Welcome Here Anymore.”

This hostile theme sticks throughout part II and matches her change in writing, as it becomes more intense and rushed. All leading up to the ending of part II, when Lyndsey gets kidnapped for the first time. While traveling on a smugglers route in Iraq their car is stopped and surrounded by armed insurgents. The gravity of the situation is immediately portrayed when Lyndsey repeatedly says, “we are going to die.”

Addario, no stranger to near death experiences, gives us insight into her own fear. She uses dialogue and a plethora of imagery to allow her reader to vividly picture the situation from her view. She describes the insurgents, saying that one young boy has a rocket launcher on his back, repeatedly mentioning that they constantly have AK-47s pointed at them. She stresses the danger around her, keeping her readers on edge.

This use of vivid imagery and compelling word choice allows us to see deeper into Addario’s passion. We feel her fear for ourselves as if we are a part of her passions. Seeing the great danger she faces makes the reader wonder why she puts herself through that. The answer lies in the title, simply because it’s what she does, it’s her true passion.

Although my own passion doesn’t necessarily involve near death experiences, I can still learn from Addario’s compelling writing. By using vivid imagery and lively word choice, I can allow my readers to dive deeper into my passion and share in my excitement. I want my readers to feel like they are a part of my passion as Addario does with hers.