Deliberation Reflection

Our deliberation turned out better than I expected. We had a great turn out of people and everyone seemed interested in the topic, sexual education. We got a lot of feedback referring to different school’s curriculums. Most people were either given no education or very minimal that focused on abstinence. The audience helped bring the conversation to new ideas. There was a common agreement on the fact that sexual education needs to be changed to encompass the reality of sex in todays world. My favorite point was how differently boys and girls are treated when they engage in sexual activities. A boy is usually praised for erasing his masculinity mean while a girl is shamed for them both doing the same thing. A girls mental health will plummet and the guy will see that doing this, brings him popularity. This then brings the stereotypes of girls being too sensitive and guys just sleeping around but it is because of the stigmas we place around sex. I also really liked the point the one member brought up about education being based on the guy being pleased and never on how a girl also needs benefitted from sex. Sex is a mutual thing that both must want to do and enjoy, but some people purely think that a guy initiates it, does it and ends it but that is so far from the truth. There is so much that I hope our deliberation brought up so people can see the real downfall in our education systems. I hope we got people to start thinking of possible changes that they could support for our future generations.

I attended the deliberation on gun violence. They used each approach to discuss 3 different ways to solve the issue. I didn’t get too involved in their deliberation because their focus was on fixing the problem instead of addressing what the problem really is. The audience wasn’t as vocal at this one which made it hard for their ideas to keep rolling. Overall they had great ideas on ways to solve this pressing issue.

Deliberation Articles

The first article was titled Sex Education. It discusses what the definition of sex ed is and how it is implied in today’s world. It touches on how social media and other sources are thrown all over the place and sometimes kids get the wrong idea. It then goes into how sexual education shouldn’t be implemented into school teachings. I personally disagree with this subject because not all parents are involved enough into their kids lives to inform them properly. Having a set curriculum in school would help educate kids on the same level.

The second article is about the rules and regulations for every state in the United States. I specifically chose Pennsylvania to see what their rules were for sexual education. What I found was that teaching anything related to sex ed wasn’t mandatory in schools but if it was going to be taught, abstinence must be stressed. Even though that isn’t mandated, education on HIV and AIDS was forced to be taught. Parents still have a huge say in what is being taught because they go over the curriculum before their kids see it to make sure it is “age- appropriate.”

These two articles have connection in that the first one is opinionated and the second one that is factual then supports the opinion. Not forcing sexual education into school curriculum may seem like the right thing to do but in reality, it isn’t. Pennsylvania is in a way allowing teachers to get away with never touching on the awkward subject and just hoping parents assume the responsibility. We could use this in our deliberation for both sides of the argument – why it should or shouldn’t be taught. I think it would open up discussion of the audience and allow them to express why they agree with what they do.


“Sex Education – Learn.” American Life League,


“Sex etc.” Sec in the States,

Deliberation Nation

My teams deliberation title is “Let’s Talk About Sex (Ed) Baby.” Our deliberation is focusing on how sexual education during your school years is taught and then eventually applied to your life. Our three approaches include medical misconceptions, social stigmas surrounding sex, and how being unprepared can lead to people disrespecting you and what we can do to change these misconceptions. So many people are taught that sex is bad and it leads to pregnancy. Even popular movies display this. For example in Mean Girls when their sex ed teacher said, “You will get pregnant and you will die.” A lot of people actually believe that pregnancy is such a  horrible thing and that when it happens to someone, they immediately lose respect for them. Also, most people have no idea how to prevent things such as pregnancy and STDs. There are precautions that have gotten such a bad reputation because they “encourage sexual activity” but we want to expand on it not being an influencer, rather a safety precaution.

I am part of the summary and outreach team with Cam and Noelia. Our roles include reaching out and inviting organizations in the university as well as the community. We have to include social media events – twitter hashtags and a facebook event. We are currently working on a flyer to print and put around campus, mainly the hub. We have t make a post-deliberation survey as well as a report to send out to the community of what happened at the deliberation.

We have a list of people to invite including the school board, the health education teacher at the local school, UHS counseling services, “unite for her” organization, and the “planned parenthood” organization as well. All of these people have the interest of children and their well being. Some have the ability to change how children are being taught and others have the passion behind it to make people see that a change is needed. We hope to portray the importance behind sexual education and how people need to be educated in their life so they can make the right decisions.

This I Believe

I never liked change. Ever since I was a child, I liked things to remain the same so I could fall into a comfortable routine. I couldn’t even bare the thought of my parents changing the colors of the kitchen walls or a new couch in the living room; and because of this, my mom never insisted on implementing change into my life. Until now..

My parents got a divorce when I was in the 4th grade which ended in only my two sisters, my mom and I still living in the house. For 5 years, it was just us girls but through them, I could see my mom struggling with all aspects of life. Her mental health was at a rock bottom and eating became hard. Even through all that, she never let it stop her from being the best mom she could be.

One day, I was woken up around 8 am to sounds of a hammer smacking a wall. I walked outside of my room, looked over the upstairs balcony and found a strange man doing demolition in my family room. I was immediately infuriated and ran to yell at my mom for changing the house. After I calmed down, she told me that she had known him for a little and she is starting to like him. My first impression of him was not a good one so I didn’t support my mom’s feelings.

He was around quite often and they finally put a title to their relationship. For me, it was weird. I had just gotten used to living with only girls. Everything I just became accustomed to, had to be altered once again. After a year or two, he had asked her to marry him. She politely asked him to wait for an answer until she asked us girls if it was okay.  After all, he was coming into all of our lives not just hers.

My mom came into my room with a huge smile on her face and told me we need to talk. She told me what had happened with Buck, my stepdad and asked what my thoughts were on them tying the knot. At first, I was the stereotypical teenager that only wanted to do everything opposite than what she told me. My response was one she didn’t want to hear and my sisters did the same.

She was so upset because she had to decide between her children’s wants and her own. About three days went by and I had realized that I was being selfish. I talked to my sisters and we all decided that this was something that we all needed, especially my mom. I called and told her I wanted them to get married and that she truly deserves it. Those words brought her to tears because she no longer had to choose between us and him. We were all choosing him.  

I truly believe that putting others happiness in front of your own is such an important thing. Seeing the beauty of someone enjoying their life can ultimately improve your own life. Now, I have such a close relationship to my mom and step dad. I don’t know what I would do without him in my life. Seeing my mom today, I know that everything worked out for a great reason. After all was said and done, this change was a  blessing in disguise. This I believe.


RCL 9 TED Talk


  • Over our lifetimes, we have all contributed to the decline of the world as we know it through our decisions, actions, and lifestyles we choose to lead.

Introduction: (how it relates to paradigm shift)

  • Everyone has their version of The American Dream or in other words their life goals. These goals that we set for ourselves are the driving force of what path we decide to take. But have we begun to put ourselves first too often and forget about more pressing issues?
  • Just in the past 40 years, the United States has seen a spike in working solely for self interest. Our Dream has changed from family interests and being a hard worker to money, status, and power. Some of you may not see a problem with this set of ideals but in reality, it has blinded the American population from problems that are not so distant in our future. As of today, the world is heading down a rocky path but we have the ability to fix that.


  • Government Corruption
    • The criminal justice system is full of corruption
      • Meat eaters, grass eaters




  • Climate Change
    • Recent hurricanes due to the countless amounts of toxins we pour into our atmosphere
    • Forgetful of how our actions are affecting our environment
    • Bliss – no hurricanes, no total destruction that we have no way of stopping
  • Politics
    • We have been taking the two parties and creating a nation divided amongst itself
    • Tension continues to increase because of the dirty politics
    • Not what it used to be when it was first created
  • Stereotyping/bias
    • It ultimately limits opportunities
    • You can be blinded by the potential there is in a situation due to how opinionated you are

How to Face Future Without Fear:

  • By taking our personal dream, altering it to fit society as a whole, we can ban together as one to conquer eventual problems. Taking hardships on with the assistance of others is the best way to achieve an outcome you’re content with.


  • In my Science and Art of Human Flourishing class, we conducted a poll of “How many people would choose happiness as their ultimate goal?”
    • We found that over half of the class of 60 people said yes
  • This Dream of fortune and fame is not one that will supply you a lifetime of happiness. It is a temporary fix to the suffering the world is facing.

Closing Statement:

  • Our future isn’t something already mapped out for us, there is no destiny or fate set in place. The future is ours, a readily available place that we have the power to build and shape through our actions. So always keep that in the back of your head so the next time you’re faced with a decision. Afterall, it’s what we do NOW that will affect us LATER.


RCL 8 Paradigm Shift

American Dream

Thesis :


With time and changing eras, the dream seemed to alter to fit society’s wants and needs. It challenged beliefs that people were set on and forced new lifestyles. The linkage between the individual and society is from what an individual think the American Dream is. Their aspirations decide their actions which ultimately cause shifts in society. The American Dream has occupied numerous different meanings and ideals that are continuously changing.


The term “American Dream” means something different to each and every one of us. It’s a crucial part in the way we live our lives and what we decide to pursue. Every since the dream came to be in the 1920’s, it has been altering to the circumstances of the world.



  • Pink Houses By John Mellencamp 1983
  • Born in the USA By Bruce Springsteen 1984
  • America by Neil Diamond (immigrants) 1980
  • American girl by tom petty 1976


Immigrant views of the dream




  • The Great Gatsby


  • Started to acquire a longing for material objects
  • Greed
  • Ultimately led to the stock market crash and the great depression of 1929 – the



  • James Truslow Adams in 1931, “life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement” regardless of social class or circumstances of birth –
  • Millions of suffering americans
    • 25% unemployment
  • FDR elected and promised to make americans lives better
    • Social security act, new deal –
    • Patriotism through the roof
  • Japan bombing pearl harbor stimulated american industry and therefore put an end to the Great Depression –



  • Women in factories men still overseas
  • Women in workplace created a huge step for feminism
    • Working is most women’s american dream
  • Instead of simply wanting a husband, a family, and a place to call home, they now had the opportunity to seek out employment, a new financial freedom. This would allow a woman with or without a husband to make her own money, to be a contributor to the daily allowance instead of just receiving. By the time the war was over, instead of running back to their homes, women began to take on more jobs in the workplace until they married or became pregnant. – ultraswank
  • Support for the troops – ads, magazines
  • Becoming more of a consumer society – war bonds, buying food to send troops
  • At the end of ww2, the american dream shifted slightly
    • Perfect american household
      • Suburban house, steady job, married, with kids


1950’s – ultraswank

  • Opportunities and futurism
  • Music, theater and film were taking off
    • Opportunity surrounded americans
  • Parents truly believed it when they told their children they could be anything they wanted to be
  • 1955 space race and futurism
    • Failing to beat russia to space but still pushed forward everyday technologies such as fridges, washing and drying machines, computers in the workplace
  • 40 and 50 maintained backbone of hard work, family value, and hope



  • peace , freedom and equality
  • Vietnam war – sparked anti war protests
  • Equality and rights mainly blacks and women
    • Martin luther king jr speech



  • World peace and a better richer life
  • Space exploration curiosity – exhibit
  • Working hard to support family
  • Everyone had the right to life liberty and pursuit of happiness



  • Economy in recession
  • carefree , fun, making money
  • Hard times for farmers – crop prices declines – exhibit



  • Money, power, status
  • Much like 80s but more developed
  • Individual success, fame, fortune – exhibit


Present day

  • Get rich, buy a house and a car, support a family without much hard work
  • Getting jobs that prove money to get rich quick – exhibit


How this will affect the future

  • The future’s not looking bright right now. We are so focused on the things we can accomplish to benefit ourselves that we are forget about the bigger picture. The United States has been ignoring critical facts about this earth whether it be climate change or increasing criminality. The world is so set in their selfish ways that it’s going to take a huge phenomenon to change the American Dream to that of kindness and pure caring for others.
  • Overlooked
  • Heading down the wrong path
  • Even though there are people who are pushing for a better future, the Individualistic feel proves to be a concrete aspect of the Dream.

RCL 7 Photography

Addario’s whole life work revolves around photographs. The pictures she chose to be in her book all play a part in portraying the reason she shares her life. Her photographs really play on readers emotions and allow them to physically see the reality that Addario writes about. By using imagery, her readers can more easily relate to Addario’s experiences.

My favorite photograph is on the sixth page between 210 and 211. The photo is a close up of an African American woman with a tears streaming down her cheeks. Her eyes are closed or looking down showing the high amounts of sorrow she is feeling. This photo really caught my attention because the background is faded out and her face is crystal clear. There are so many emotions encompassed within her one facial expression. I felt empathy towards the subject of this photo.

The second image that really caught my eye was the 14th page between 210 and 211. The Somali children are trying to feed a woman that is suffering from dehydration and hunger. This photo caught my eye because it gives a sense of community through hard times. In a sense, hope is shown through the children wanting to help. Optimistic feelings arose in me when I looked closer into this picture. The children are representing a new generation that are already striving for better times and conditions than what the woman has been through.

Like Addario, I hope to incorporate images into my blog for the use of attention grabbers, aesthetics, and to add to the content of my blog. The photos I chose will take a play on pathos. I want my blog to be interesting and a lot of times people are drawn to images instead of wordy paragraphs. Photos can tell a whole story without using a single word. As for the aesthetics, I find myself actually interested in things that present a nice visual. I like colors that go together and having an overall theme. I really think the photos I use will bring the whole blog post together.


RCL 6: Personal Conflicts

In Part III of It’s What I Do, Addario was very open with her internal conflicts with her life and her work. On page 146, the passage that stuck out to me most was, “Over the years I forced myself to be creative…..I wanted them to linger, to ask questions.” She was really starting to question her work and why she does it. She wrote, “ I was conflicted about making money from images of people who were so desperate (Addario 146).” She felt guilty for making money from others disadvantaged lives.


After much thought, she concluded that the struggle with photographing such difficult things was actually helping those people. She knew that the money she was making doing it would go right back into her work, into helping bring attention to the misfortune of others. She captured her readers attention by directly saying, “Trying to convey beauty in war was a technique to try and prevent the reader from looking away.” She encourages people to ask any question they may have about her work or the living conditions that she photographs. Addario can take a bad situation and turn it into a vivid, emotional moment in history.


At the start of college, I was really struggling with how to be happy with so many new experiences happening all at once. I was able to take that stress, turn it around, and learn to love it up here! Any friend that is having a rough time adapting to college life I am able to help them through it.


Like Addario, I want to encourage my readers to take lousy times and turn them into something positive. I really want my audience to push themselves to do something good for themselves as well as others. I hope that my passion blog will be full of informative and motivational things.

RCL 5 Working Draft

The True Story Behind the Most Famous Kiss of America

Photography is an art that has the ability to alter humanity’s collective conscious. There is a story to every picture that is taken, whether it be a memory with your friends or a life changing moment in history. When you see a picture, do the colors and subjects capture your attention or do you want to dig deeper into what was happening during that photo. THESIS


August 14, 1945 was a day not many will ever forget. Alfred Eisenstaedt, a German photographer, captured one of the most iconic photos in history on this day. The photo was taken in Times Square right after the announcement of the Japanese surrendering and World War II finally coming to an end. New York City was swarming with cheerful people. At the time, people only knew that the man was a returning sailor from the war and the woman was dressed as a nurse. The identities were released in 2012 and they came forward with their version of that day.


The man, George Mendonsa, was out on a date with a woman named Rita Petry. They went to the movie theater in Times Square but never got to finish the movie. It was interrupted, mid-way through, when the workers busted in with confirmation of Japan’s surrender. George and Rita were ecstatic and ran out of the theater into the crowded streets. George caught glimpse of a young woman in a nurses uniform, Greta Zimmer. This woman brought nostalgia to George because it reminded him of the nurses that constantly tended to the countless wounded soldiers. With his mind on the hard past and also the promising future, he grabbed her and kissed her. In that spontaneous moment, Eisenstaedt grabbed his camera to document it. Unaware at the time, he caught the feelings of pure relief and people letting go of all their inhibitions.


Everyone found a way to relate to this photo. There were over 16 million men that served for WWII. The man intrigued families that had loved ones away at war and the excitement for their return home. For women with their husbands gone, it allowed them to relate to the extreme passion in seeing their significant other for the first time since they went away. They can find a common place in the passion because they are able to replace the woman with themselves. The picture showed the true beauty of the wars end and the instant happiness the world cultivated because of the announcement.

Much like the hookah, there’s underlying ideologies that this photo represents. It transformed from one of the most romantic moments of the post war era to revealing underlying social issues. The real truth came out once the identities were made apparent. The kiss was obviously spontaneous but the ambiguous fact was that they were actually strangers. The most prominent observations of this was the body language of the two. The woman obviously didn’t comply, she was clutching at herself not him. He has clenched fists and his back arm completely wrapped around her head to force her into it. She was swung off balance and her feet are trying to catch herself from falling. When Greta was interviewed, she claimed it was a kiss she would never forget and she said, “That man was very strong. I wasn’t kissing him. He was kissing me.” By referring to him as “that man,” she’s implying that they don’t know each other. Now when George was interviewed, he claimed he was so drunk that he can barely remember the kiss fully. He said how it was a mere celebratory action, not a romantic one. Both subjects had completely different experiences because the man didn’t put too much thought into his actions.

A social issue and even ideology that people tended to tiptoe around is how women were still subordinate to men in the 40’s. Men still had an insane amount of superiority over women. This photo depicts a sense of sexual assault that was very common in that era. This gives every woman who has felt dehumanized by a male and commonplace to relate to others like themselves. Women empathize with others that have experienced the same mental or physical abuse that they have. Society saw how unequal people were treated and became proactive to provide the equal opportunities for all that we have in the United States today.


Even though this ideology and belief isn’t still a huge issue in the United States, it is still a prominent issue in other countries and presents a kairotic moment for this poster to represent the women gender. For example, women in the Middle Eastern countries and the religions that inhibit that area face gender discrimination all the time. Under the Muslim faith, the women must obey their husbands under all circumstances. This makes women feel powerless and used while men still hold a place in themselves that makes them think this is okay. Just like the 1940’s in the United states used to be, countries still are treating women lesser than men.




As you can see, this poster has emically affected society. At first, it represented war, loved ones returning home, and true passion but when you dig deeper into the photograph, your attention is diverted to something so important in the world. It gives women a place to challenge society’s views and not feel isolated. This poster has allowed women to gain ownership of their rights and push for equality in the United States.


Works Cited

Callahan, Maureen. “The True Story behind the Iconic V-J Day Sailor and ‘Nurse’ Smooch.” New York Post, New York Post, 10 Sept. 2016,

Zhang, Sarah. “The Unromantic Truth Behind the VJ Day Kiss Photo.” Mother Jones, Mother Jones, 24 June 2017,

The Hookah


Allison White

September 20, 2017

RCL 137


Artifact – The hookah

Introduction: Who here has ever smoked the hookah? The hookah has been around since the 15th century and is still making it’s way around the world today. It has gained insane amounts of popularity but also controversy that comes with it. The controversy is part because of the different cultures that are associated with it. The hookah serves different purposes for different people.


Topic 1: origin of the hookah

  • Originated in India
    • Iran next
    • Gained popularity under Ottoman Empire
    • Used only at royal meetings and dinners
    • Tradition and prestige


Transition: You may be asking yourself, how is this artifact civic? Being used only by royalty didn’t allow for the hookah to be a world known civic artifact until it hit America.


Topic 2: coming to America and us “borrowing” things

  • Touch on how we are copy cats
  • Last to adopt the hookah
  • Gained extreme popularity
    • Also controversy
    • Circulating rumors
      • “Worse than drugs”


Transition: Even though there are tons of skeptics in the US, the hookah was conceptualized as a tolerable thing while still maintaining it’s ideologies in its origin countries.


Topic 4: it’s obvious use vs it’s common places

  • Obvious use – nicotine buzz
    • Cooling system to ensure a smooth and calming inhale
    • Cigarette habits ending – people see cigarettes as a bad habit meanwhile a hookah is much less hated on
  • Different common places for different cultures
    • America – pastime and the social aspect we all truly desire
      • Going out w friends and socializing for hours at a time
      • The circular orientation of hookah lounges allowing for a conversational aspect
      • Comforting and inviting surroundings
    • Middle East – family gathering
      • Smoke at dinner or after
        • Bonding


Conclusion: Hookah has been part of many cultures but doesn’t share all the same ideologies in each one except giving people a commonplace that they feel comfortable in.